Antonio H. Castro Neto

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Antonio H. Castro Neto
Antonio Helio Castro Neto.jpg
Castro Neto in 2019
Born(1964-08-20)20 August 1964.[1]
Alma materUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign[2]

Antonio Helio de Castro Neto is a Brazilian-born physicist. He is the founder and director of the Centre for Advanced 2D Materials[8](previously known as the Graphene Research Centre)[9] at the National University of Singapore. He is a condensed matter theorist known for his work in the theory of metals, magnets, superconductors, graphene and two-dimensional materials. He is a distinguished professor in the Departments of Materials Science Engineering,[10] and physics[11] and professor at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.[3] He was elected as a fellow of the American Physical Society in 2003.[12] In 2011 he was elected as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science[13]

Education and career[edit]

In 1984, Castro Neto entered the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP),[citation needed] where he started his studies in particle physics before moving to condensed matter physics. In Campinas, he completed his undergraduate and Master of Science degree in physics under Amir O. Caldeira. In 1991, he moved to the United States where he obtained his PhD degree at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign under the supervision of Eduardo Fradkin.[14][2] His PhD thesis dealt with the understanding and description of the lowest energy excitations of Fermi liquids.[14]

After graduation, in 1994, he moved to the United States, to join the Institute for Theoretical Physics (currently, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics) at the University of California, Santa Barbara where he studied the electronic properties of nanomaterials and nanostructures under Matthew Fisher. In 1995, Raymond Orbach, at that time the Chancellor of the University of California, Riverside, recruited him as an assistant professor. At Riverside, Castro Neto wrote fundamental papers on the theory of disordered magnetic metallic alloys.[15][16] In 2000, Castro Neto moved to Boston University as a professor of physics. In Boston, Castro Neto was one of the first theorists to look at the electronic properties of graphene that had been isolated by Andre Geim, Kostya Novoselov, and their colleagues at University of Manchester, and communicated in a paper published in the journal Science in October, 2004.[17]

While in Boston, Castro Neto and collaborators, explored the unusual properties of the electronic excitations in graphene in terms of massless Dirac electrons and predicted the anomalous quantum Hall effect. Their original work, submitted in May 2005[18] was rejected. A few months later, Geim and collaborators published a paper in Nature confirming their experimental prediction.[19] A long version of the original work was only published almost one year later in Physical Review B[20]

Castro Neto continued to published on theoretical aspects of graphene and predicted several other phenomenon that were eventually observed experimentally, such as the effect of vacancies in the electronic properties in graphene[21]; the electronic properties of bilayer graphene[22]; superconductivity in graphene[23]; twistronics in graphene[24][25]; Coulomb blockade in graphene mesoscopic structures[26]; atomic collapse in charge impurities in graphene[27]; localized magnetic states in graphene[28]; gap opening in biased bilayer graphene[29]; strain engineering in graphene[30]; impurity induced spin-orbit effect in graphene,[31] among others. In 2009, Castro Neto published one of the most cited reviews of all time in Reviews of Modern Physics.[32] As a result, in 2010, Castro Neto was invited, and accepted, to become the Editor of the Colloquia[33] section of RMP.[34] In 2016, Thomson Reuters recognized Castro Neto as among the top 1% of researchers for the most cited documents in the field of physics.[35] He reached the same recognition by Clarivate Analytics from 2017 to 2019.[36][37][38] His work has been cited more than 51,102 times, and he has an h-index of 90.[citation needed] Due to his contributions to the field of graphene and 2D materials Castro Neto has been called the "godfather of graphene".[39]

In 2008, Castro Neto was recruited to create the first graphene research centre in the world at the National University of Singapore. The Graphene Research Centre (GRC) was created in 2010[40] with facilities for the synthesis, characterization, and device fabrication of graphene devices.[41] In 2014, GRC was expanded by a grant of the National Research Foundation of Singapore to explore other 2D materials beyond graphene and their heterostructures[42] with the creation of the Centre for Advanced 2D Materials.[43]

Castro Neto is also known for his work against the use of fake graphene in industrial applications.[44][45] and his ideas regarding the use of graphene in space.[46]

Castro Neto is also an entrepreneur and has started 4 companies in Singapore: 2D Materials; MADE Advanced Materials; PHASE Events; and Graphene Watts.[47]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c "Physics - Antonio H. Castro Neto".
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ "Prof. Antonio H. Castro Neto is appointed as Distinguished Visiting Chair Professor at SAINT |". September 3, 2012.
  5. ^ Science, American Association for the Advancement of (November 30, 2012). "AAAS News and Notes". Science. 338 (6111): 1166–1171. doi:10.1126/science.338.6111.1166 – via
  6. ^ "ITF Utrecht".
  7. ^ "The Kramers chair of Theoretical Physics". Utrecht University. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Antonio Castro Neto |".
  9. ^ "ABOUT US |".
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Department of Physics".
  12. ^ "APS Fellowship".
  13. ^
  14. ^ a b Neto, A. H. Castro; Fradkin, Eduardo (April 15, 1994). "Bosonization of Fermi liquids". Physical Review B. 49 (16): 10877–10892. arXiv:cond-mat/9307005. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.49.10877.
  15. ^ Castro Neto, A. H.; Castilla, G.; Jones, B. A. (October 19, 1998). "Non-Fermi Liquid Behavior and Griffiths Phase in $\mathit{f}$-Electron Compounds". Physical Review Letters. 81 (16): 3531–3534. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.3531 – via APS.
  16. ^ de Andrade, M. C.; Chau, R.; Dickey, R. P.; Dilley, N. R.; Freeman, E. J.; Gajewski, D. A.; Maple, M. B.; Movshovich, R.; Castro Neto, A. H.; Castilla, G.; Jones, B. A. (December 21, 1998). "Evidence for a Common Physical Description of Non-Fermi-Liquid Behavior in Chemically Substituted $\mathit{f}$-Electron Systems". Physical Review Letters. 81 (25): 5620–5623. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.5620 – via APS.
  17. ^ Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Morozov, S. V.; Jiang, D.; Zhang, Y.; Dubonos, S. V.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Firsov, A. A. (October 22, 2004). "Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films". Science. 306 (5696): 666–669. doi:10.1126/science.1102896. PMID 15499015 – via
  18. ^ Peres, N. M. R.; Guinea, F.; Neto, A. H. Castro (July 13, 2006). "Electronic Properties of Two-Dimensional Carbon". Annals of Physics. 321 (7): 1559–1567. arXiv:cond-mat/0506709. doi:10.1016/j.aop.2006.04.006.
  19. ^ Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Morozov, S. V.; Jiang, D.; Katsnelson, M. I.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Dubonos, S. V.; Firsov, A. A. (November 9, 2005). "Two-dimensional gas of massless Dirac fermions in graphene". Nature. 438 (7065): 197–200. doi:10.1038/nature04233 – via
  20. ^ Peres, N. M. R.; Guinea, F.; Castro Neto, A. H. (March 16, 2006). "Electronic properties of disordered two-dimensional carbon". Physical Review B. 73 (12): 125411. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.125411 – via APS.
  21. ^ Pereira, Vitor M.; Guinea, F.; Lopes dos Santos, J. M. B.; Peres, N. M. R.; Castro Neto, A. H. (January 23, 2006). "Disorder Induced Localized States in Graphene". Physical Review Letters. 96 (3): 036801. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.036801 – via APS.
  22. ^ Nilsson, Johan; Castro Neto, A. H.; Peres, N. M. R.; Guinea, F. (June 12, 2006). "Electron-electron interactions and the phase diagram of a graphene bilayer". Physical Review B. 73 (21): 214418. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.214418 – via APS.
  23. ^ Uchoa, Bruno; Castro Neto, A. H. (April 3, 2007). "Superconducting States of Pure and Doped Graphene". Physical Review Letters. 98 (14): 146801. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.146801 – via APS.
  24. ^ "How Twisted Graphene Became the Big Thing in Physics". Quanta Magazine.
  25. ^ Lopes dos Santos, J. M. B.; Peres, N. M. R.; Castro Neto, A. H. (December 19, 2007). "Graphene Bilayer with a Twist: Electronic Structure". Physical Review Letters. 99 (25): 256802. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.256802 – via APS.
  26. ^ Sols, F.; Guinea, F.; Neto, A. H. Castro (October 16, 2007). "Coulomb Blockade in Graphene Nanoribbons". Physical Review Letters. 99 (16): 166803. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.166803 – via APS.
  27. ^ Pereira, Vitor M.; Nilsson, Johan; Castro Neto, A. H. (October 15, 2007). "Coulomb Impurity Problem in Graphene". Physical Review Letters. 99 (16): 166802. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.166802 – via APS.
  28. ^ Uchoa, Bruno; Kotov, Valeri N.; Peres, N. M. R.; Castro Neto, A. H. (July 11, 2008). "Localized Magnetic States in Graphene". Physical Review Letters. 101 (2): 026805. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.026805 – via APS.
  29. ^ Castro, Eduardo V.; Novoselov, K. S.; Morozov, S. V.; Peres, N. M. R.; dos Santos, J. M. B. Lopes; Nilsson, Johan; Guinea, F.; Geim, A. K.; Neto, A. H. Castro (November 20, 2007). "Biased Bilayer Graphene: Semiconductor with a Gap Tunable by the Electric Field Effect". Physical Review Letters. 99 (21): 216802. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.216802 – via APS.
  30. ^ Pereira, Vitor; Castro Neto, Antonio (October 1, 2008). "All-graphene integrated circuits via strain engineering" – via ResearchGate. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  31. ^ Castro Neto, A. H.; Guinea, F. (July 10, 2009). "Impurity-Induced Spin-Orbit Coupling in Graphene". Physical Review Letters. 103 (2): 026804. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.026804 – via APS.
  32. ^ Castro Neto, A. H.; Guinea, F.; Peres, N. M. R.; Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K. (January 14, 2009). "The electronic properties of graphene". Reviews of Modern Physics. 81 (1): 109–162. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.81.109 – via APS.
  33. ^ "RMP Journal Staff". Reviews of Modern Physics. December 17, 2007.
  34. ^ "How to Get Raves for Your Reviews". Physics. 12. March 18, 2019 – via
  35. ^ "NUS experts among world's highly-cited". NUS News.
  36. ^ Hua, Ho Teck. "World's most impactful researchers". NUS News.
  37. ^ "30 NUS researchers among the world's most highly cited researchers". NUS News.
  38. ^ "NUS researchers among the world's most influential scientific minds".
  39. ^ "'Graphene Godfather' makes a disruptive Brazilian play". Science for Brazil. March 14, 2013.
  40. ^ "National University of Singapore's Graphene Research Centre opens S$15 million graphene fabrication facility". Nanowerk.
  41. ^ "Solar 'sandwich' could cover a variety of surfaces". Physics World. May 13, 2013.
  42. ^ "Two-dimensional materials 'as revolutionary as graphene'".
  43. ^ "NTU, NUS push materials science frontiers". The Straits Times. December 16, 2016.
  44. ^ "Solution in fight against fake graphene". ScienceDaily.
  45. ^ Video, Advanced Science News (April 25, 2019). "Standardizing the Production of Graphene Flakes [Video]".
  46. ^ "Graphene takes flight test for future space missions". August 9, 2018.
  47. ^ "National University of Singapore and BASF joint graphene research". Printed Electronics World. February 10, 2014.