|Minister of Institutional Reforms|
21 June 1999 – 11 June 2001
|Prime Minister||Massimo D'Alema,
|Preceded by||Giuliano Amato|
|Succeeded by||Umberto Bossi|
|Minister of Posts and Communications|
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
|Prime Minister||Romano Prodi|
|Preceded by||Giovanni Motzo|
|Succeeded by||Salvatore Cardinale|
|Minister of Regional Affairs|
13 April 1988 – 13 April 1991
|Prime Minister||Ciriaco De Mita,
|Preceded by||Aristide Gunnella|
|Succeeded by||Francesco D'Onofrio|
4 August 1924
Avellino, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||23 April 2013
|Political party||Action Party
Italian Communist Party
Italian Republican Party
Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
|Alma mater||Pisa University|
Antonio Maccanico (4 August 1924 – 23 April 2013) was an Italian constitutional specialist and social liberal politician, who served in various capacities in the parliament and federal administrations of Italy.
Early life and education
Maccanico began his career at the house of deputies as a referendary in June 1947. He worked in different commissions in the house. He also served as the general secretary in the office of the Italian president Sandro Pertini for nine years. He was the president of Italian investment bank Mediobanca from 1987 to 1988 during the bank was privatised. He succeeded Enrico Cuccia in the aforementioned post.
He was appointed minister of regional affairs and institutional problems on 13 April 1988 and was in office until 13 April 1991. However, no significant institutional reforms were developed during his tenure. He was elected senator on 6 April 1992 for the Italian Republican Party and was in office until 1994. He served as undersecretary of state of the presidency of the cabinet in the Ciampi Government from 29 April 1993 to 9 May 1994.
Following the resignation of prime minister Lamberto Dini in January 1996, Maccanico was tasked with forming a government on 1 February 1996. Maccanico strongly argued that all parties should agree on the required reforms before the formation of the government. However, he was unable to form a majority, renouncing the mandate on 14 February, and thus, Italian president Oscar Luigi Scalfaro dissolved parliament on 16 February. He was elected deputy on 21 April 1996, being part of Romano Prodi's list, from the constituency of Campania 2.
On 18 May 1996, Maccanico was appointed minister of posts and communications to the cabinet led by prime minister Romano Prodi. In the cabinet, he was part of the Democratic Union to which he had joined early in 1996. He was the father of law no. 249 dated 31 July 1997 that was the basis of Italy's communications authority. The law is also called the Maccanico law. His tenure lasted until 1998. He was named as the minister of institutional reforms in June 2000, replacing Giuliano Amato in the post in the first D'Alema government and kept the post in the successive governments until 2001. In 2001, Maccanico was elected to the chamber of deputies. In 2006, he was elected for the fourth time to the parliament in the list of the Daisy group from Campania.
- "Morto a 88 anni l'ex ministro Antonio Maccanico". TGCOM 24. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "Biography". MediaMente. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Celestine Bohlen (2 February 1996). "Italy Turns to Top Bureaucrat to Try to Remake the Country". The New York Times. p. 2.
- "Italian politician and banker Antonio Maccanico dead at 88". Gazzetta del Sud. Rome. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "Maccanico may become Mediobanca chairman". Il Sole 24 Ore. 19 October 2002. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Morto Antonio Maccanico : fu ministro e presidente di Mediobanca". Corriere Del Mezzogiorno. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- Gumbel, Andrew (2 February 1996). "Backroom fixer given task of reforming Italy". The Independent. Rome. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Kenneth H.F. Dyson (2002). European states and the Euro: Europeanization, variation, and convergence. Oxford University Press. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-19-925026-4. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Carol Diane St Louis (2011). Negotiating Change: Approaches to and the Distributional Implications of Social Welfare and Economic Reform. Stanford University. p. 150. STANFORD:RW793BX2256. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Richard L. Wentworth (20 February 1996). "Its Politics in Neutral, Italy Gears for Vote". The Christian Science Monitor. Rome. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
- Patrick McCarthy (15 January 1997). The Crisis of the Italian State: From the Origins of the Cold War to the Fall of Berlusconi and Beyond. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-312-16359-4. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Richard L. Wentworth (20 May 1996). "One Nation Indivisible Under Prodi? Italy's New Chief Tries to Avoid Split". The Christian Monitor. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
- Piero Ignazzi (1998). "Italy". European Journal of Political Research. 34. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.00054-i5. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Alan Friedman (27 February 1996). "Berlusconi Looks Like the Loser in Dini's Jump into Politics". The New York Times. Paris. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Andrea. Czepek; Melanie. Hellwig; Eva. Nowak (2009). Press freedom and pluralism in Europe. Intellect Books. p. 296. ISBN 978-1-84150-243-4. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Adriano Giuliano (22 August 2012). 1960-2010: Game Over for Italy's Most Criminal Governments. Author House. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-4772-1822-8. Retrieved 12 May 2013.