Antonio Neumane

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Antonio Neumane
Antonio Neumane.jpg
Born(1818-06-13)June 13, 1818
Corsica, France
DiedMarch 3, 1871(1871-03-03) (aged 52)
Quito, Ecuador
OccupationComposer, Pianist, Orchestra director
Notable works"Salve, Oh Patria" the National anthem of Ecuador
SpouseIdálide Iturri

Antonio Neumane (June 13, 1818 – March 3, 1871) was a composer, pianist, and orchestra director. His most notable work is the music of the Ecuadorian National Anthem "Salve, Oh Patria" with the text written by Juan León Mera.


Antonio Neumane was born in Corsica, France on June 13, 1818. Both his parents, Serafín Neumane and Margarita Marno, were German. He studied at a music conservatory in Vienna despite his parents’ wishes that he study medicine.

In 1834 he moved to Milan, Italy where he taught at a music academy. Three years later he returned to Austria and got married but became a widow only a few months later. In 1837 Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria awarded him for the composition of some arrangements he had made for the Spanish opera singer Maria Malibrán.

In 1839 Antonio Neumane remarried to Idálide Iturri from Turin, Italy. He then worked as a choirmaster in Chile, and toured several South American countries with an opera company. In 1841 he settled in Guayaquil, Ecuador, taking up residence in Las Peñas neighborhood, where years before Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin met to discuss the future of South American independence. In his later years Neumane was the President of the Senate of Ecuador.

Neumane is known today as the composer of the Ecuadorian National Anthem, which was performed for the first time on August 10, 1870 in the Independence Square of Quito, with Neumane as the orchestra director. His other written compositions were lost in the Great Fire of Guayaquil of 1896.

In 1870, the Ecuadorian President Gabriel García Moreno hired him to establish and be the first director of the National Conservatory in Quito.

Antonio Neumane died on March 3, 1871.