Antonio de Olaguer y Feliú

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Don Antonio Olaguer Feliú

Antonio Olaguer Feliú (1742–1813) was a Spanish soldier and politician who spent most of his career in South America.

Biography[edit]

Born in Villafranca del Bierzo, León, Olaguer Feliú was sent to Buenos Aires as a military specialist during the governorship of Pedro de Cevallos. He took part in the siege of Colonia del Sacramento in 1777. He was named military inspector in 1783.

He served as Governor of Montevideo between August 2, 1790 and February 11, 1797, and in 1792 was promoted to Field Marshal.

Then don Antonio Olaguer Feliú was named Viceroy of the Río de la Plata, a position he occupied between May 2, 1797 and May 14, 1799.

Coat of arms of Antonio Olaguer Feliú, used as Viceroy of the Río de la Plata.[1]

During his mandate, he had to contend with the presence of British and Portuguese forces in the Río de la Plata region, as well as nascent revolutionary sentiment inspired by the recent French Revolution. He opened the port of Buenos Aires to foreign traffic in a bid to stimulate the commercial activities of the Viceroyalty, which had begun to suffer from the growing tensions between the European powers.

Coat of arms of Antonio Olaguer Feliú, used as Secretary of War of king Charles IV.[2]

On his return to Spain he was named Secretary of War by Charles IV. He died in Madrid in 1813.

Coat of Arms[edit]

The shield was party per pale. The first party was quartered. In the first and fourth quarters, there was a mount in natural colors on an argent field. In the second and third quarters, there were an argent oval roundel surrounded by eight argent stars on a gules field. In the second party, there were five argent castles triple towered in saltire on a gules field. External ornaments: the shield had six flags and two banners characteristic of Field Marshals and other ornaments (guns, spears, halberd, sword, drums, etc.) of the profession of arms. The coat of arms had a helmet with seven bars and surmounted by a Field Marshal coronet.[3][4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Demaría & Molina de Castro 2001, p. 199.
  2. ^ Demaría & Molina de Castro 2001, p. 199-201.
  3. ^ Demaría & Molina de Castro 2001, p. 199-201.
  4. ^ Alvarez Massini & Sanson 1977, p. 185-186.

References[edit]

  • Alvarez Massini, Ruben; Sanson, Alfredo C. (1977). Boletín Histórico del Ejército del Uruguay Nº 185-188 (in Spanish). Montevideo: Estado Mayor del Ejército, Departamento de Estudios Históricos "División Historia". 
Government offices
Preceded by
Joaquín del Pino
Governor of Montevideo
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg

1790-1797
Succeeded by
José de Bustamante
Preceded by
Pedro de Melo
Viceroy of Río de la Plata
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg

1797-1799
Succeeded by
The Marquis of Avilés
Preceded by
Pedro Cevallos Guerra
Secretary of War
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg

1807-1808
Succeeded by
Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera