Antonito, Colorado

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Town of Antonito, Colorado
Statutory Town
Location in Conejos County and the State of Colorado
Location in Conejos County and the State of Colorado
Town of Antonito, Colorado is located in the US
Town of Antonito, Colorado
Town of Antonito, Colorado
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°04′36″N 106°00′37″W / 37.076605°N 106.010222°W / 37.076605; -106.010222Coordinates: 37°04′36″N 106°00′37″W / 37.076605°N 106.010222°W / 37.076605; -106.010222[1]
Country  United States
State  State of Colorado
County[2] Conejos County
Incorporated (town) December 29, 1889[3]
 • Type Statutory Town[2]
 • Mayor Mike Trujillo Jr.
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[4] 7,890 ft (2,405 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 781
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (780/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 81120[5]
Area code(s) 719
INCITS place code 0802355
GNIS feature ID 0190909

US 285.svg US 285

Colorado 17.svg   SH 17

The Town of Antonito is a Statutory Town located in Conejos County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 781 at the 2010 United States Census.[6]


Antonito is located in the San Luis Valley near the southern border of Colorado at 37°5′N 106°1′W / 37.083°N 106.017°W / 37.083; -106.017 (37.077, -106.010),[7] along U.S. Highway 285. It is 28 miles (45 km) north to Alamosa and 30 miles (48 km) south to U.S. Route 64 at Tres Piedras, New Mexico.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Antonito has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.

Antonito is the southern terminus of the San Luis and Rio Grande Railroad and the eastern terminus of the steam powered, narrow gauge Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad, which runs westwards to Osier, Colorado, and Chama, New Mexico.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 315
1900 347 10.2%
1910 681 96.3%
1920 946 38.9%
1930 858 −9.3%
1940 1,220 42.2%
1950 1,255 2.9%
1960 1,045 −16.7%
1970 1,113 6.5%
1980 1,103 −0.9%
1990 875 −20.7%
2000 873 −0.2%
2010 781 −10.5%
Est. 2015 759 [8] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

At the 2000 census,[10] there were 873 people, 357 households and 234 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,212.3 per square mile (864.3/km²). There were 396 housing units at an average density of 1,003.5 per square mile (392.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 61.40% White, 0.11% African American, 3.55% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 31.96% from other races, and 2.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 90.26% of the population.

There were 357 households of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 20.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.09.

28.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

The median household income was $19,205 and the median family income was $23,162. Males had a median income of $25,417 compared with $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,047. About 26.4% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.3% of those under age 18 and 22.5% of those age 65 or over.

History and recent developments[edit]

C&TS terminus in Antonito

Antonito began life as a sheep herding camp known as San Antonio Junction, referring to its proximity to the Conejos and San Antonio rivers. When the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad built its line south from Alamosa, the town was renamed Antonito and became an important town on the railroad line. The town was incorporated in 1889. There are currently no major industries located in Antonito, but the historic Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad has one terminus in Antonito and the other in Chama, New Mexico.

The area's economy has recently experienced an upsurge with the passage of Colorado's recreational marijuana laws. A 420-friendly town, several recreational marijuana dispensaries have opened within the city limits. Additionally, between summer 2015 and early 2016, 10 new businesses, some marijuana-related and some not, opened their doors to customers in the area.

In 2015, a Colorado State Highway project rebuilt the stretch of Highway 285 that runs through town. The new highway has helped beautify the downtown area and improve traffic flow.

The city boasts a number of unique buildings, including a historic Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad depot, one of only a few lava rock depots still existing in the United States. Currently in a state of disrepair, a grant to restore the building is in the works. Cano's Castle,[11] a folk-art home constructed by a local resident, attracts attention from tourists and local residents alike. Just south of town, Colorado Parks and Wildlife and Conejos County have jointly developed a high-quality outdoor shooting range with special areas for rifle sighting as well as target practice ranges for various types of rifles and handguns.[12] An indoor archery range and nearby hunting and fishing opportunities attract outdoor enthusiasts.

A library, tire repair shop and a new medical clinic have opened in recent years and Family Dollar recently built a store in Antonito. The South Conejos Jr. and Sr. High School was recently built and boasts facilities on par with the best schools in the area.[13]

The town is known for its many murals, most of them painted by Fred Haberlein.

Antonito is the location of the oldest church building and congregation in Colorado, Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church, built in 1857

Notable citizens[edit]

  • Carlos Lucero, first Hispanic president of the Colorado Bar Association; in 1995 became the first Hispanic judge to sit on the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2014 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Places". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. August 18, 2007. Archived from the original on 18 August 2007. Retrieved August 18, 2007. 
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Antonito town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^
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External links[edit]