|Designer||Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov|
|Number built||ca. 5,700|
The Antonov A-1 and related designs were a family of single-seat training gliders produced in the Soviet Union in the 1930s and 1940s. All were derived from the Standard-2 (Стандарт-2) (designed and flown by Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov in 1930), which in turn was derived from the Standard-1. They were produced in large numbers, with around 5,400 built of the U-s3, U-s4 and P-s2 major versions alone. The same design formed the basis for the Antonov A-2 and its related group of two-seat designs. Altogether, including the two-seaters, production exceeded 7,600 by 1937.
While members of the family varied in detail, they shared the same basic design, and parts were interchangeable between them. The design featured a typical primary glider layout with a conventional empennage carried at the end of a long boom in place of a conventional fuselage. The boom could be folded sideways for storage. The monoplane wing was carried high on a pylon above this "keel" and was further braced to it with two struts on either side. The pilot sat in front of the wing, and was enclosed in a simple U-shaped wooden fairing that was removed by sliding it forward to allow him or her to enter and leave the aircraft. The undercarriage consisted of a single skid underneath the "keel", but this could also be fitted with small wooden wheels.
While the original primary training versions (designated У, 'U') featured wings of constant chord, subsequent variants designed for soaring flight (designated П, 'P') had longer-span wings with tapering outer panels and a streamlined nose fairing. The ultimate development in the line were gliders intended for towed flight (designated Б, 'B), which shared the longer wings and streamlined fairing of the P-types, but added a canopy to enclose the cockpit.
In each case, the "s" stands for serii (серии: 'series')
- Standard-1 (Стандарт-1)
- Standard-2 (Стандарт-2)
Uchebnyi (Учебный, 'Trainer')
- U-s1 (У-с1)
- U-s2 (У-с2) (First version built in series)
- U-s3 (У-с3) (1,600 built)
- U-s4 (У-с4) (Redesignated A-1, major production version. 3000 built)
Paritel (Паритель, 'Sailplane'), also Upar (Упар, portmanteau of учебный паритель, uchebnyi paritel, 'training sailplane') (800 built)
- P-s1 (П-с1)
- P-s2 (П-с2)
Buksirovochnye (Буксировочные, 'Towed') (265 built by 1937)
- B-s3 (Б-с3)
- B-s4 (Б-с4)
- B-s5 (Б-с5)
Data from Krasil'shchikov 1991, 230
- Crew: one pilot
- Length: 5.60 m (18 ft 5 in)
- Wingspan: 10.56 m (34 ft 8 in)
- Height: 1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)
- Wing area: 15.6 m2 (168 ft2)
- Empty weight: 92 kg (200 lb)
- Gross weight: 164 kg (361 lb)
- Maximum speed: 70 km/h (40 mph)
- Rate of sink: 1.2 m/s (240 ft/min)
- Sheremetev 1959, 20
- Krasil'shchikov 1991, 145
- Central Museum of the Air Force
- Krasil'shchikov 1991, 143
- Shushurin 1938, 13
- Shushurin 1938, 16
- Sheremetev 1959, 21–22
- Sheremetev 1959, 40
- Sheremetev 1959, 42
- Krasil'shchikov 1991, 146
- Deniz 2004
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Antonov aircraft.|
- "Antonov Oleg Konstantinovich". Central Museum of the Air Force website. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- Deniz, Tuncay (2004). Turkish Aircraft Production. Munich: Levent Başara.
- Krasil'shchikov, Aleksandr Petrovich (1991). Planery SSSR (Gliders of the USSR). Moscow: Moskva Mashinostroyeniye.
- Sheremetev, Boris Nikolayevich (1959). Planery (Gliders). Moscow: DOSAAF.
- Shushurin, V.V. (1938). Atlas konstruktzii planerov (Directory of glider construction). Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo oboronnoi promyshlennosti.