|Antonov An-3T of MChS Rossii in June 2007.|
|First flight||13 May 1980|
|Primary user||Private agricultural interests|
US$ 1 500,000
|Developed from||Antonov An-2|
The Antonov An-3 is a Soviet (later Ukrainian and Russian) civil multipurpose and agricultural aircraft. It is essentially a turboprop-powered development of the An-2 designed to upgrade or replace it. The first example flew as early as May 13, 1980, but because of a lack of official interest in the project, work proceeded very slowly–flight testing was not complete until 1991. It is one of the few turbine-powered biplane designs to date.
The project was revitalised in the late 1990s when it was taken over by Polyot State Aerospace Enterprise, and a marketing campaign began in earnest in 2000, although sales have been limited. It is available in two forms, the basic agricultural aircraft (An-3SKh—"Selsko-Khosiajstwenni", Agricultural) and a civil transport version (An-3T) able to carry 12 passengers or 1,800 kg (4,000 lb) of cargo.
Although it is designated An-3, this number is not assigned sequentially. Antonov assigned it to the plane because it was meant to replace the An-2.
Another attempt to replace the An-2 on Soviet farms was made in the 1970s with the WSK-Mielec M-15 Belphegor, but it failed.
From 2007, the “Polyot” Production Association started to upgrade the first 10 An-2s of the Russian Airborne Troops to An-3T-10 standard. The overall requirement is estimated at approximately 200 aircraft.
Data from Antonov An-2
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: Useful Load 1,800kg (3,970lb)
- Length: 14 m (45 ft 11 in)
- Wingspan: 18.176 m (59 ft 8 in)
- Height: 4.235 m (13 ft 11 in)
- Wing area: 71.51 m2 (769.7 sq ft)
- Max takeoff weight: 5,800 kg (12,787 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Glushenkov TVD-20-03 Turboprop, 1,010 kW (1,350 hp)
- Maximum speed: 260 km/h (162 mph; 140 kn)
- Cruising speed: 220 km/h (137 mph; 119 kn) at 2,000m (6,560ft)
- Range: 550 km (342 mi; 297 nmi) with a 1,500kg (3,300lb) payload
- Service ceiling: 4,400 m (14,436 ft)
- Rate of climb: 5 m/s (980 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 81 kg/m2 (17 lb/sq ft)
- Power/mass: 0.174kW/kg
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Military Parade 4-2007, page 33.
- Gordon, Yefim (2004). Antonov An-2. Red Star. 15. Hinkley: Midland publishing. ISBN 1-85780-162-8.
- Самолет АН-3. Russian Weapons and Military Technologies (in Russian). CompActive Ltd. Archived from the original on 26 May 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-01. (Shortened version in English available here)
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