Antony Galione

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Antony Galione

Professor Antony Galione FMedSci FRS.jpg
Antony Galione at the Royal Society admissions day in London, July 2016
Born
Antony Giuseppe Galione

(1963-09-13) 13 September 1963 (age 55)[1]
EducationFelsted School
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge (BA, PhD)
AwardsNovartis Prize (2001)[2]
Scientific career
Fields
Institutions
ThesisOscillations in intracellular calcium in the blowfly salivary gland (1989)
Doctoral advisorMichael Berridge[4]
Websitepharm.ox.ac.uk/team/antony-galione

Antony Giuseppe Galione (born 1963)[1] FRS FMedSci[5] is professor of Pharmacology and Wellcome Trust Senior Investigator in the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Oxford.[4]

Education[edit]

Galione was educated at Felsted School[1] in Essex and Trinity College, Cambridge where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in Natural Sciences (Pharmacology) in 1985[4] followed by a PhD in 1989 for research on calcium signalling in the blowfly salivary gland supervised by Michael Berridge.[6][7]

Research and career[edit]

Galione's research investigates calcium signalling.[3] HC Lee established the concept of multiple calcium mobilising messengers which link cell surface stimuli to release of internal calcium stores, while Zhu, Evans and co-workers identified their target two-pore channels (TPCs) and organelles.[8] This has enhanced our understanding of how calcium as a ubiquitous cellular regulator may control a myriad of cellular processes with precision.[5]

Galione established that cyclic ADP-ribose regulates calcium-induced calcium release and globalisation of calcium signals,[9] and that Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a ubiquitous trigger for initiating and co-ordinating calcium signals, often involving communication between organelles at contact sites.[5]

By developing novel pharmacological, molecular and physiological approaches, he has demonstrated that these messengers and their targets regulate many fundamental pathophysiological cellular processes as diverse as Ebola virus disease infection, fertilisation and embryology, cardiac contractility, T cell activation and neuronal excitability. The discovery of lysosomes as calcium stores mobilised by NAADP has identified an entirely new signalling role for these organelles in health and disease.[5][10]

Galione served as head of the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Oxford from 2006 until 2015.[11]

Awards and honours[edit]

Galione was elected a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (FMedSci) in 2010[5] a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2016.[5] He was awarded the Novartis Prize from the British Pharmacological Society in 2001.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d GALIONE, Prof. Antony Giuseppe. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2016 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. closed access publication – behind paywall (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b "Novartis Prize". bps.ac.uk. British Pharmacological Society. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b Antony Galione publications indexed by Google Scholar
  4. ^ a b c "Professor Antony Galione FMedSci FRS". Oxford: University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 2016-03-23.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Anon (2016). "Professor Antony Galione FMedSci FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2016-04-29. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:

    "All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2016-03-09.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

  6. ^ Galione, Antony Giuseppe (1989). Oscillations in intracellular calcium in the blowfly salivary gland (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. OCLC 53486297.
  7. ^ Berridge MJ, Galione A (1988). "Cytosolic calcium oscillators". The FASEB Journal. 2 (15): 3074–82. PMID 2847949.
  8. ^ Calcraft, Peter J.; Ruas, Margarida; Pan, Zui; Cheng, Xiaotong; Arredouani, Abdelilah; Hao, Xuemei; Tang, Jisen; Rietdorf, Katja; Teboul, Lydia; Chuang, Kai-Ting; Lin, Peihui; Xiao, Rui; Wang, Chunbo; Zhu, Yingmin; Lin, Yakang; Wyatt, Christopher N.; Parrington, John; Ma, Jianjie; Evans, A. Mark; Galione, Antony; Zhu, Michael X. (2009). "NAADP mobilizes calcium from acidic organelles through two-pore channels". Nature. 459 (7246): 596–600. doi:10.1038/nature08030. PMC 2761823. PMID 19387438.
  9. ^ Galione, A.; Lee, H.; Busa, W. (1991). "Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release in sea urchin egg homogenates: modulation by cyclic ADP-ribose". Science. 253 (5024): 1143–1146. doi:10.1126/science.1909457.
  10. ^ Arredouani A, Ruas M, Collins SC, Parkesh R, Clough F, Pillinger T, et al. (2015). "Nicotinic Acid Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (NAADP) and Endolysosomal Two-pore Channels Modulate Membrane Excitability and Stimulus-Secretion Coupling in Mouse Pancreatic β Cells". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 290 (35): 21376–92. doi:10.1074/jbc.M115.671248. PMC 4571866. PMID 26152717. open access publication – free to read
  11. ^ "Antony Galione". University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017.