Antranig Dzarugian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Antranig Dzarugian
Andranik Tsarukyan.JPG
Born 1913
Gürün, Sivas Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 1989
Paris, France
Occupation Author, Poet
Nationality Armenian
Genre poetry, memoir
Subject Society, politics

Antranig Dzarugian (Անդրանիկ Ծառուկեան, 1913– Paris, 1989) was an influential diasporan Armenian writer, poet, educator and journalist in the 20th century.[1]

Dzarugian was born in Gürün, Sivas Vilayet, Ottoman Empire in 1913. He was related to Chello Toros (1871–1893), one of the fighters of the Armenian irregular units against the Ottoman Empire. During the years of the Armenian Genocide, Dzarugian separated from his mother as a result of the death marches in the Syrian desert and spent his childhood in the Armenian Orphanage of Aleppo. In 1921, he met his mother in Aleppo and moved to the local Haygazian Armenian School to receive his elementary education. In the same year, his father was arrested and killed in the Marash prison for his participation in the patriotic movement against the Ottoman Empire.[2]

After completing his elementary schooling in Aleppo, Dzarugian moved to Beirut to complete his education at the newly opened Armenian College. Among his teachers in the college were prominent Armenian educators such as Nikol Aghbalian and Levon Shant. He became a dropout, and later started his career as a teacher in the Armenian schools of Aleppo and Beirut. He first published the Nayiri literary monthly in Aleppo (1945-1952), and afterwards he moved it to Beirut, where he published it as a literary and political weekly (1952-1983).

Among his most prominent works, "People without childhood" (Մանկութիւն չունեցող մարդիկ, 1955) and "Ethereal Aleppo" (Երազային Հալէպը, 1980) are autobiographical accounts dedicated to his childhood life in the orphanage of Aleppo.

Dzarugian visited Soviet Armenia for the first time in 1956. His impressions of his frequent trips to the homeland were reflected in his books "Old Dreams, New paths" (Հին երազներ, նոր ճամբաներ, 1958) and "New Armenia, New Armenians" (Նոր Հայաստան, նոր հայեր, 1983).