Archbishop of Esztergom
Primate of Hungary
Engraving of Vrančić by Martin Rota
Sebenico, Republic of Venice
(today Šibenik, Croatia)
Eperjes, Kingdom of Hungary
(today Prešov, Slovakia)
|Known for||Writer, diplomat and Archbishop of Esztergom|
Antun Vrančić or Antonio Veranzio (May 29, 1504 – June 15, 1573) was a Croatian prelate, writer, diplomat and Archbishop of Esztergom of the 16th century. Antun Vrančić was from Dalmatian town of Šibenik (modern Croatia), then part of the Republic of Venice. Vrančić is also known under his Latinized name Antonius Verantius, while Hungarian documents since the 19th century refer to him as Verancsics Antal.
Vrančić was born and raised in Šibenik, city in Dalmatia in the former Republic of Venice. Most historians accept a hypothesis that the Vrančić family was one of the Bosnian noble families that had moved to Šibenik in the era of Ottoman military incursions. Vrančić's uncle Ivan Statilić and his other relative, Croatian viceroy Petar Berislavić, took care of his education. After studies at Padua, Vienna and Kraków, Vrančić entered diplomatic service, aged only 26. He spent 20 years as a diplomat at János Szapolyai's court in Erdély.
Influences and death
Antun Vrančić was in touch with German philosopher, theologian and reformer Philipp Melanchthon (1497–1560); and with Nikola Šubić Zrinski (1508–1566), Croatian ban, poet, statesman and soldier. In Viaggio in Dalmazia (1774), Alberto Fortis noted that Vrančić's descendants still kept a letter to Vrančić from Dutch philosopher, humanist and writer Erasmus (1465–1536), but no other evidence of correspondence between the two exists today, and modern scholars find it unlikely.
After the Battle of Szigetvár, as one of Maximilian's ambasadors, Antun has arrived in Istanbul on 26 August 1567. After five months negotiations with Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and Selim II, agreement had been reached by 17 February, and the Treaty of Adrianople was signed on 21 February 1568, ending the war between the Austrian and Ottoman empires.
He died in Prešov, Kingdom of Hungary, just days after having learned that the Pope appointed him cardinal. Following his own wish, Vrančić is buried in Saint Nicholas church in Trnava, Slovakia.
After Antun's death, his nephew Faust, who was a well known humanist, linguist and lexicographer of the Renaissance, took over writings from his estate. Two years later, in 1575, he wrote Life of Antun Vrančić, a biography of his uncle, but did not manage to have it published.
- Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1984). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204–1571: The Sixteenth Century IV. Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society. p. 921. ISBN 0-87169-162-0.
- "Na današnji dan: Umro Antun Vrančić" (in Croatian). Croatian Radiotelevision. June 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-17.
- Cvitan, Grozdana (May 19, 2005). "Kako sam služio ugarskog kralja". Zarez (in Croatian) (132). Retrieved 2009-08-17.
-  László Szalay, Gusztáv Wenzel: Magyar történelmi emlékek, Verancsics Antal összes munkái, 1858 (The Works of Antal Verancsics)
- Google Books Andrew L. Simon: Made in Hungary: Hungarian contributions to universal culture
- The Hungarian Quarterly, Vol. XLII * No. 162 *, Summer 2001 László Sipka: Innovators and Innovations
- Morić, Živana (June 12, 2004). "Europski obzori hrvatskoga humanista" (PDF). Vjesnik (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-09-20.
- Vratović, Vladimir (May 30, 2004). "Hrvatski latinist svjetskoga glasa" (PDF). Vjesnik (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-08-24.
- Lučin 2004, p. 11–12.
- Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1984). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204–1571: The Sixteenth Century IV. Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society. pp. 921–922. ISBN 0-87169-162-0.
- Lisac, Josip (December 22, 2001). "Svestranik iz Šibenika" (PDF). Vjesnik (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-08-19.
- Lučin, Branislav (December 2004). "Erazmo i Hrvati XV. i XVI. stoljeća" [Erasmus and Croats in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries] (PDF). Prilozi za istraživanje hrvatske filozofske baštine (in Croatian) (Zagreb: Institute of Philosophy) 30 (1–2 (59–60)): 5–29. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- The Classification of the Letters of Antun Vrančić (abstract)
- Klasifikacija pisama Antuna Vrančića (Croatian)