Antwerpen-Centraal railway station

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Antwerpen-Centraal
SNCB logo.svg
Railway Station
Antwerpen Centraal station 12-07-2010 14-04-17.JPG
View of the station from the Koningin Astridplein
General information
LocationKoningin Astridplein, Antwerp
Belgium
Coordinates51°13′02″N 4°25′16″E / 51.21722°N 4.42111°E / 51.21722; 4.42111Coordinates: 51°13′02″N 4°25′16″E / 51.21722°N 4.42111°E / 51.21722; 4.42111
Owned byNMBS/SNCB
Operated byNMBS/SNCB
Line(s)12, 25, 27, 59
Platforms8 (24)
Tracks14
Construction
Platform levels4
Other information
Station codeANTC
History
Opened11 August 1905

Antwerpen-Centraal railway station (Dutch: Station Antwerpen-Centraal, French: Gare d'Anvers-Central, IATA code: ZWE), officially Antwerpen-Centraal, is the main railway station in Antwerp, Belgium. The station is operated by the National Railway Company of Belgium (NMBS/SNCB).

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Antwerp's first station was the terminus of the BrusselsMechelen–Antwerp railway line, which opened on 3 June 1836. The original station building was made of wood and was replaced by a new and larger building on the occasion of the opening of the new international connection to the Netherlands in 1854–55.

Antwerpen-Centraal railway station, c. 1910. Note the elaborate garden on the Koningin Astridplein.

The current terminal station building was constructed between 1895 and 1905 as a replacement for the first station. The stone-clad building was designed by the architect Louis Delacenserie. The viaduct into the station is also a notable structure designed by local architect Jan Van Asperen. A plaque on the north wall bears the name Middenstatie ("Middle Station"), an expression now antiquated in Dutch. To the north of the station a large public square, known as the Statieplein ("Station Square"), was created, acting as an entry to the city for its many commuters. In 1935, the square's name was changed to the Koningin Astridplein, in honour of the recently deceased Queen Astrid.

World War II damage and restoration[edit]

During World War II, severe damage was inflicted to the train hall by the impact of V-2 rockets, though the structural stability of the building remained intact, according to the National Railway Company of Belgium.[1] Nevertheless, it has been claimed that the warping of the substructure due to a V-2 impact had caused constructional stresses.[2] The impact remains visible due to a lasting wave-distortion in the roofing of the hall.[1]

Visible wave-distortion in the roof of the train hall. The warping of the structure can be seen at the far top-right end of the roof.

In the mid-20th century, the building's condition had deteriorated to the point that its demolition was being considered. The station was closed on 31 January 1986 for safety reasons, after which restoration work to the roof (starting at the end of March 1986 and finishing in September 1986) and façades was performed. The stress problems due to the impact of bombs during the war were reportedly solved by the use of polycarbonate sheets instead of glass, due to its elasticity and its relatively low weight (40% less than glass), which avoided the need for extra supporting pillars.[2] After replacing or repairing steel elements, they were painted burgundy. Copper was also used in the renovation process of the roof.[2]

Expansion for high-speed trains[edit]

In 1998, large-scale reconstruction work began to convert the station from a terminus to a through station. A tunnel was excavated between Antwerpen-Berchem railway station in the south of the city and Antwerpen-Dam railway station in the north, passing under the Central Station, with platforms on two underground levels. This allows Thalys, HSL 4 and HSL-Zuid high-speed trains to travel through Antwerpen-Centraal without the need to turn around (the previous layout obliged Amsterdam–Brussels trains to call only at Antwerpen-Berchem or reverse at Central).

The major elements of the construction project were completed in 2007, and the first through trains ran on 25 March 2007.[3] The station was awarded a Grand Prix at the European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards in 2011.[4][5]

Architecture[edit]

The station is widely regarded as the finest example of railway architecture in Belgium,[6] although the extraordinary eclecticism of the influences on Delacenserie's design had led to a difficulty in assigning it to a particular architectural style. In W. G. Sebald's novel Austerlitz an ability to appreciate the full range of the styles that might have influenced Delacenserie is used to illustrate the brilliance of the fictional architectural historian who is the novel's protagonist. Owing to the vast dome above the waiting room hall, the building became colloquially known as the spoorwegkathedraal ("railroad cathedral").

The originally iron and glass train hall (185 metres long and 44 metres[7] or 43 metres[2] high) was designed by Clément Van Bogaert,[7] an engineer, and covers an area of 12,000 square metres.[2] The height of the station was necessary for dissipating the smoke of steam locomotives. The roof of the train hall was originally made of steel.[2]

In 2009, the American magazine Newsweek judged Antwerpen-Centraal the world's fourth greatest train station.[8] In 2014, the British-American magazine Mashable awarded Antwerpen-Centraal the first place for the most beautiful railway station in the world.[9]

Station layout[edit]

The station has four levels and 14 tracks arranged as follows:

  • Level +1: The original station, 6 terminating tracks, arranged as two groups of three and separated by a central opening allowing views of the lower levels
  • Level 0: Houses ticketing facilities and commercial space
  • Level −1: 7 m below street level, 4 terminating tracks, arranged in two pairs separated by the central opening.
  • Level −2: 18 m below street level, 4 through tracks, leading to the two tracks of the tunnel under the city (used by high-speed trains and domestic services towards the north).

Services[edit]

The station is served by the following services:[10]

  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Paris
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Lille
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Chambéry - Bourg-Saint-Maurice (in winter)
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Avignon - Marseille (in summer)
  • International Intercity services Amsterdam (12x a day) or The Hague HS (4x a day) - Rotterdam - Breda - Noorderkempen - Antwerp - Brussels Airport - Brussels
  • Intercity services (IC-02) Antwerp - Sint-Niklaas - Gent - Bruges - Ostend
  • Intercity services (IC-04) Antwerp - Sint-Niklaas - Gent - Kortrijk - Poperinge/Lille
  • Intercity services (IC-05) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Nivelles - Charleroi (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-08) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels Airport - Leuven - Hasselt
  • Intercity services (IC-09) Antwerp - Lier - Aarschot - Leuven (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-09) Antwerp - Lier - Aarschot - Hasselt - Liège (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-10) Antwerp - Mol - Hamont/Hasselt
  • Intercity services (IC-15) Noorderkempen - Antwerp
  • Intercity services (IC-22) Essen - Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-22) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Halle - Braine-le-Comte - Binche (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-28) Antwerp - Sint-Niklaas - Gent (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-30) Antwerp - Herentals - Turnhout
  • Intercity services (IC-31) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Nivelles - Charleroi (weekends)
  • Local services (L-22) Roosendaal - Essen - Antwerp - Puurs (weekdays)
  • Local services (L-22) Roosendaal - Essen - Antwerp (weekends)
  • Local services (L-23) Antwerp - Aarschot - Leuven
  • Local services (L-24) Antwerp - Herentals - Mol (weekdays)
  • Local services (L-30) Antwerp - Sint-Niklaas - Lokeren
  • Brussels RER services (S1) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Waterloo - Nivelles (weekdays)
  • Brussels RER services (S1) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekends)
Preceding station Thalys Following station
Brussels-South
towards Paris-Nord
Thalys Rotterdam Centraal
Rotterdam Centraal Brussels-South
towards Lille Europe
Brussels-South Thalys Neige (winter) Rotterdam Centraal
Brussels-South
towards Marseille
Thalys Soleil (summer)
Preceding station NS International Following station
Antwerpen-Berchem Intercity Direct 9200
Noorderkempen
Preceding station SNCB logo.svg NMBS/SNCB Following station
Terminus IC 02
Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Oostende
IC 04
Antwerpen-Berchem
IC 05 Antwerpen-Berchem
IC 08 Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Hasselt
IC 09
weekdays, except holidays
Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Leuven
IC 09
weekends
Antwerpen-Berchem
IC 10 Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Hamont or Hasselt
Antwerpen-Luchtbal IC 15 Terminus
Ekeren
towards Essen
IC 22
weekdays, except holidays
Antwerpen-Berchem
Terminus IC 22
weekends
Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Binche
IC 28
weekends
Antwerpen-Berchem
IC 30 Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Turnhout
IC 31
weekdays
Antwerpen-Berchem
IC 31
weekends
Antwerpen-Berchem
Antwerpen-Luchtbal
towards Roosendaal
L 22 Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Puurs
Terminus L 23 Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Leuven
L 24
weekdays
Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Mol
L 30
Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Lokeren
S 1
weekdays
Antwerpen-Berchem
towards Nivelles
S 1
weekends
Antwerpen-Berchem

In popular culture[edit]

A staged "flash mob"-like event at the station in early 2009, featuring the song "Do-Re-Mi" from the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The Sound of Music, became a viral video. It was performed by 200 dancers of various ages, along with several dozen waiting passengers who just jumped in and joined the dance themselves. The video was produced to publicize Op zoek naar Maria, the Belgian TV version of the BBC talent competition programme How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria?, about the search for an actress to play the lead role in a stage revival of The Sound of Music.

The station is used in Agatha Christie's Poirot episode "The Chocolate Box" to represent a station in Brussels.

The beginning of Austerlitz, the final novel of the German writer W. G. Sebald is set in the station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Erik Sclep (Communication Manager SNCB Holding), ed. (May 2011). "Welcome To Antwerp Centraal. The Railway Cathedral of the 20th and 21st century" (PDF). SNCB Holding (la Gare / het Station) National Railway Company of Belgium.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Goethals, Violette. "Projects". Federplast.be. Archived from the original on 14 September 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Antwerpen Centraal fully open Today's Railways Europe issue 146 February 2008 page 7
  4. ^ "EU Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards 2011". Archived from the original on 1 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Press corner".
  6. ^ "Antwerpen-Centraal is mooiste station ter wereld" (in Dutch). 25 August 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  7. ^ a b Maraite, Louis. "Antwerp Central Station is linking history and future!". The Best in Heritage. SNCB-Holding. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  8. ^ Stations: A Destination That Matches the Journey Newsweek New York 10 January 2009
  9. ^ All Aboard! 12 Beautiful Railway Stations From Around the World Mashable New York 25 August 2014
  10. ^ Belgian railways timetable brochures Archived 5 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]