Anwar Hossain Manju

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Anwar Hossain Manju
Bangladesh Minister of Water Resources
Assumed office
3 January 2018
Preceded byAnisul Islam Mahmud
Minister of Environment and Forest
In office
12 January 2014 – 3 January 2018
Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
Succeeded byAnisul Islam Mahmud
Minister of Road Transport and Bridges
In office
23 June 1996 – 15 July 2001
Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
Preceded byAbdul Motin Chowdhury
Succeeded byNazmul Huda
In office
27 March 1988 – 6 December 1990
PresidentHossain Mohammad Ershad
Preceded byM.Motiur Rahman
Succeeded byOli Ahmad
Minister of Energy and Mineral Resource
In office
1985–1988
PresidentHossain Mohammad Ershad
Member of the Jatiyo Sangshad from Pirojpur – 2
Assumed office
5 January 2014
Preceded byShah Alam
In office
12 June 1996 – 2001
Preceded byNurul Islam Manjur
Succeeded byTasmima Hasan
In office
7 May 1986 – 1996
Preceded byMuhammad Monirul Islam Monir
Succeeded byNurul Islam Manjur
Personal details
Born (1944-01-01) 1 January 1944 (age 75)
Pirojpur District, Bengal Presidency, British India
Political partyJatiya Party (JP-Manju)
Alma materGeorgetown University
University of Dhaka

Anwar Hossain Manju (born 1 January 1944) is a Bangladeshi politician who is a member of Jatiyo Sangshad representing Pirojpur-2 parliamentary constituency and the current Minister of Water Resources. He previously served two terms as then Minister of Communications as Communications Transport (current Ministry of Road Transport & Bridges) and one term as Minister of Energy and Mineral Resource.

He represents Pirojpur-2 parliamentary constituency which consists of Kawkhali, Bhandaria and Zianagar upazilas.[1] He was elected Member of Jatiyo Sangshad six times in 1986, 1988, 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2014 from this constituency.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Manju was born in the present-day Pirojpur District of Bangladesh. He is a graduate of the University of Dhaka where he completed his honors in geography with physics and mathematics. He pursued further studies in international relations at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.[4]

Career[edit]

Manju was the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resource of Bangladesh from 1985 to 1988 under Hossain Mohammad Ershad. As Energy Minister, Hossain's achievements include the augmentation of energy generation from 700 to 2,500 megawatts, and the launching of the major public works project of the Jamuna Bridge. Hossain then served as Minister of Communications (1988–1990) for Ershad's government.

Hossain was a vocal opponent of Ershad's introduction of religious references to the Constitution of Bangladesh. He objected to the declaration of Islam as the state religion of Bangladesh and warned that such an assault on secularism constitutes a slippery slope that would erode Bangladesh's successes as a progressive society. From 1996 to 2001, Hossain served as Minister of Communications (1996–2001) in Sheikh Hasina's government. Hossain negotiated Jatiya Party's extension of support to Sheikh Hasina's party, the Awami League, to form a national government. Hossain is Chairman of Jatiya Party (JP-Manju). Hossain led the faction of the Jatiya Party that rejected the 1994 decision of the Party leader Ershad to align the Party with Khaleda Zia's Bangladesh National Party (BNP). He was a Presidium Member of Jatiya Party (1986–1994).[5][6]

Hossain's public service also include positions in the legislative branch of government. He served as Member of Parliament in Bangladesh for five consecutive terms. He was elected five times to Parliament in 1986, 1988, 1991, 1996, and 2001 to represent the Bhandaria-Kaukhali constituency in the district of Pirojpur in the National Parliament. The mandate of the last Parliament expired in 2006, putting into place a caretaker government (CTG).

In the aftermath of the January 2007 military intervention suspended the constitutionally mandated elections and extended the authority of the Caretaker Government (CTG), Hossain was targeted together with many other political figures. Hossain's residence was raided with no warrant shown. Facing what he was convinced of being a smear campaign, he left Bangladesh and arrived to Washington DC in May 2007. The Anti Corruption Committee (ACC) opened a number of cases against Hossain. He denied all allegations. The US Department of State Human Rights Report for 2007 raises the possibility of a political motivation behind the accusations. 2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices Upon the restoration of Constitutional Rights in the fall of 2008,[7] Hossain returned to Dhaka and faced the charges filed against him and successfully appealed a conviction in absentia for the possession of alcohol brought to his daughter's wedding by foreign guests. On 23 August 2010 the High Court overturned the last of the trial courts verdicts which had sentenced Hossain on the basis of ACC accusations.[8][9][10][11]

He served as Editor and Publisher of the Daily Ittefaq from 1972 to 2007. The Daily Ittefaq is the first Bangla vernacular newspaper founded by Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani and Yar Mohammad Khan. Meanwhile, Tofazzal Hossain (Manik Miah) worked as an Editor. Following an agreement with the other shareholders of Ittefaq, Anwar Hossain assumed the position of Editor and Publisher in July 2010.[12] Hossain is also a businessman. His enterprise positions include founder, the Aegis Holdings Group. Hossain is also chairman of the board, MAST Packaging Ltd. & Zenith Packaging Ltd., one of the most prominent packaging firms in Bangladesh with an international clientele including the British-American Tobacco Company.

Personal life[edit]

Hossain is married and has 4 daughters and also has 5 grandsons and 1 granddaughter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "EC BD" (PDF).
  2. ^ "No threat to Sundarbans". 1 September 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Anwar Hossain Manju gets environment and forest ministry". Click Ittefaq. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  4. ^ "মাননীয় মন্ত্রী". Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Rift in JP widens". 19 January 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Chumki paid huge price in politics | Dhaka Tribune". archive.dhakatribune.com. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Bangladesh". Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  8. ^ "NBR seeks bank statement of 71". archive.thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  9. ^ "NBR wants cancellation of duty-free car import by MPs". archive.thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Nadim, Millat sent to jail on surrender". 12 May 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  11. ^ "SC upholds acquittal of Manju". 15 November 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Yet another may withdraw candidature". archive.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 18 September 2016.