Anwar Kamal Pasha
Anwar Kamal Pasha (Urdu: انور کمال پاشا), (23 February 1925 – 13 October 1987) was the pioneer in the Pakistan film industry and an early Pakistani film director and producer from Lahore, Pakistan.
Life and career
Pasha was a graduate from the Forman Christian College, Lahore, and went on to earn two Master of Arts degrees at the University of the Punjab. He generally scripted, produced and directed his own films, which dealt with such social themes as poverty, love, social strata, suicide, moral decay and death.
Anwar Kamal Pasha trained and introduced many new people to the Pakistan film industry who later made a name for themselves, including film directors M. S. Dar, M. Akram, Altaf Hussain (film director), music directors Master Inayat Hussain and later his younger brother Master Abdullah. He also introduced Pakistani film actors Aslam Pervaiz, Sabiha Khanum, Musarrat Nazir, Nayyar Sultana, Bahar Begum and Rani. He made a total of 24 movies. Anwar Kamal Pasha died on 13 October 1987 at age 62 but left behind a legacy as one of the pioneer producers-directors of Pakistani cinema.
Major films by Anwar Kamal Pasha, created between 1949 and the 1980s, are:
- 1949: Shahida
- 1949: Do Ansoo
- 1950: Gabhroo
- 1951: Dilbar
- 1952: Dupatta (assisted main director Sibtain Fazli; the movie's story was written by Hakim Ahmad Shuja-sb)
- 1953: Ghulam
- 1954: Gumnaam (with music by Master Inayat Hussain and some lyrics adapted from a famous poem by Hakim Ahmad Shuja)
- 1955: Inteqam
- 1955: Qatil (with two film songs by composer Master Inayat Hussain and song lyricist Qateel Shifai)
- 1956: Dullah Bhatti (written and co-directed with M.S. Dar, with music by Ghulam Ahmed Chishti)
- 1956: Chann Mahi (Punjabi) (with music by Rasheed Attre)
- 1956: Sarfarosh (with music by Rasheed Attre)
- 1957: Zulfaan (in Punjabi language)
- 1957: Laila Majnu
- 1958: Anarkali (with songs by Rasheed Attre and Master Inayat Hussain)
- 1959: Gumrah
- 1960: Watan
- 1962: Mehboob
- 1963: Sazish
- 1964: Safaid Khoon
- 1966: Parohna
- 1974: Khana Dey Khan Parohne
- 1979: Wehshi Gujjar
- 1981: Sher Khan (in Punjabi language, with film songs by music director Wajahat Attre)
- 1983: Border Bullet
Awards and recognition
- Nigar Award Special Award For 30 Years of Excellence in 1981
- Nigar Award for Best Scriptwriter for film Watan (1960)
- Ammara Ahmad (25 March 2018). "A history of dreams". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 7 September 2019.
- Anwar Kamal Pasha's Filmography on pakmag.net website Retrieved 7 September 2019
- Shamim's Profile and Filmography on cineplot.com website Published 27 May 2011, Retrieved 7 September 2019
- Aijaz Gul. "A Short History of Pakistani Films". International Federation of Film Critics. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
- Sumaira Jajja (25 May 2014). "In memoriam: The Rani of our hearts lives on". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 7 September 2019.
-  Filmography of Anwar Kamal Pasha
- Filmography of Anwar Kamal Pasha on Complete Index To World Film (CITWF) website Retrieved 7 September 2019
- Anwar Kamal Pasha's Nigar Award on cineplot.com website Published 13 May 2010, Retrieved 7 September 2019
-  Anwar Kamal Pasha's Nigar Award-Special Award For 30 Years of Excellence, Retrieved 7 September 2019