Anwar Kamal Pasha
Anwar Kamal Pasha (Urdu: انور کمال پاشا), (23 February 1925 – 13 October 1987) was the pioneer in the Pakistan film industry and an early Pakistani film director and producer from Lahore, Pakistan. He was the son of poet and scholar Hakim Ahmad Shuja and the husband of film actress Shamim Bano.
Life and career
Pasha was a graduate from the Forman Christian College, Lahore, and went on to earn two Master of Arts degrees at the University of the Punjab. He generally scripted, produced and directed his own films, which dealt with such social themes as poverty, love, social strata, suicide, moral decay and death.
Anwar Kamal Pasha trained and introduced many new people to the Pakistan film industry who later made a name for themselves, including film directors M.S. Dar, M. Akram, Altaf Hussain (film director), music directors Master Inayat Hussain and later his younger brother Master Abdullah. He also introduced Pakistani film actors Aslam Pervaiz, Sabiha Khanum, Musarrat Nazir, Nayyar Sultana and Bahar Begum. He made a total of 24 movies. Anwar Kamal Pasha died on 13 October 1987 at age 62 but left behind a legacy as one of the pioneer producers-directors of Pakistani cinema.
Major films by Anwar Kamal Pasha, created between 1949 and the 1980s, are:
- 1949: Shahida
- 1949: Do Ansoo
- 1950: Gabhroo
- 1951: Dilbar
- 1953: Ghulam
- 1954: Gumnaam (with music by Master Inayat Hussain and some lyrics adapted from a famous poem by Hakim Ahmad Shuja)
- 1955: Inteqam
- 1955: Qatil (with two film songs by composer Master Inayat Hussain and song lyricist Qateel Shifai)
- 1956: Dullah Bhatti (written and co-directed with M.S. Dar, with music by Ghulam Ahmed Chishti)
- 1956: Chann Mahi (Punjabi) (with music by Rasheed Attre)
- 1956: Sarfarosh (with music by Rasheed Attre)
- 1957: Zulfaan (in Punjabi language)
- 1957: Laila Majnu
- 1958: Anarkali (with songs by Rasheed Attre and Master Inayat Hussain)
- 1959: Gumrah
- 1960: Watan
- 1962: Mehboob
- 1963: Ishq Par Zor Nahin (with music by Master Inayat Hussain)
- 1964: Safaid Khoon
- 1974: Khana Dey Khan Parohne
- 1979: Wehshi Gujjar
- 1981: Sher Khan (in Punjabi language, with film songs by music director Wajahat Attre)
- 1983: Border Bullet
Awards and recognition
- Some later records show his date of birth as 22 February 1925, but the Lahore Municipal Records show it as 23 February 1925.
- "Early Days of Lahore's Movie World" Archived 22 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. Dailytimes.com. September 24, 2006. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Anwar Kamal Pasha's Filmography. Pakistan Film Magazine. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Aijaz Gul. "A Short History of Pakistani Films". International Federation of Film Critics. Archived from the original on 2014-04-26.
- Anwar Kamal Pasha at the Internet Movie Database, Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- http://www.janubaba.com/c/forum/topic/20869/Lollywood/Nigar_Awards__Complete_History, Anwar Kamal Pasha's Nigar Award-Special Award For 30 Years of Excellence, info listed on janubaba.com website, Retrieved 29 October 2016
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