|Type||Man-portable air-defence system (MANPADS)|
|Place of origin||Pakistan|
|Used by||See Operators|
Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL)|
(or AQ Khan Research Laboratories)
|Specifications (Anza Mk-II)|
|Weight||16.5 kg |
|Warhead||0.55 kg shaped charge |
|Flight altitude||30–4000 m|
|Infrared homing |
The Anza is produced by Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL), being one of the facility's main conventional weapons projects. Development was originally undertaken to eliminate dependence on importing expensive foreign systems. Various versions of the Anza are currently in service with the Pakistan Army, with the Mk-III version being the most recent. The Anza is also offered for export, Malaysia being its only known export customer after receiving 100 Anza Mk-I in 2002 and, later, a further 500 Anza Mk-II systems.
Development and design
Some sources state that the Anza Mk-II was co-developed in a joint project by Pakistan and China.
The Anza Mk-I entered service with the Pakistan Army in January 1990, followed by the Anza Mk-II in September 1994. Serial production of Anza Mk-III for the Pakistan Army was announced in 2006.
In recent years, Pakistan has advertised the Anza series for export, displaying it at the International Defense Exhibition (IDEX) 2007 event in the United Arab Emirates  and at the IDEAS 2008 defence exhibition in Pakistan.
The Mk-II is known to have the ATS-II Training Simulator included, which consists of a set of four Mk-II training missiles, four firing units, simulated ground batteries, cable interconnectors, PC-based control, monitoring and scoring unit with a target simulator made up of an infrared electric bulb moving along an overhead wire.
The High Speed Aerial Target Drone, or HISAT-DK, is a high speed, low maintenance target drone that can be used in training operators to use the Anza. It is manned by a four-man crew using Optical Tracking Pod devices. The drones can be used for MANPAD training, though they are also used for other purposes, such as artillery fire support training.
- Anza Mk-I - The first MANPADS produced by Pakistan for use by the Pakistan Army. Development is believed to have been assisted by China [not in citation given] and the design is similar to the HN-5B MANPADS. A British source the Anza is a copy of the SA-7 Grail. Approximately 1000 Anza Mk-I were produced between 1989-1998.
- Anza Mk-II - A third generation MANPADS, believed to be based on the Chinese QW-1 MANPADS. Uses a dual-band, cross-scan infrared homing seeker to counter decoy flares. Also believed to use American missile technology. Approximately 1650 Anza Mk-II were produced between 1994-2012.
- Anza Mk-III - Believed to be based on the Chinese QW-2 MANPADS, modifications made to meet Pakistan Army requirements include increased range up to 5 km, improved sensors and a new firing unit similar to the Russian 9K38 Igla MANPADS.((non reliable sources)) All-aspect attack capability and improved ECCM capability. It also has a vehicle-mounted launcher variant.
- Malaysian Army - 100 Anza Mk-I systems, received in 2002. 500 Anza MK.II systems delivered as part of a RM446 million arms deal with Pakistan, used to arm the 10th Paratrooper Brigade.
On 27 May 1999, the Anza Mk-II was used by the Pakistan Army Air Defence forces to attack an Indian aircraft during the Kargil conflict with India, which shot down at least one MIG-21 of the Indian Air Force. Pakistan also claimed shooting down a MiG-27 though India reported that it crashed due to engine failure.
Indian Military says that their MiG-21 was searching for MiG-27 pilot who ejected due to engine failure caused by Gun gas ingestion.
In December 2002, The Indian media sources claimed that their soldiers found an Anza Mk-I in a militant hideout near the Line of Control in Kupwara, Kashmir. An Anza system had previously been found at a militant hideout by Indian Army soldiers in 2001. In 2002, Indian media sources again claimed that an Anza MANPAD was fired at an Indian Air Force Antonov An-32 over the Line of Control; the plane was able to land safely.
In 2008, the Pakistan Army conducted exercises with the Anza Mk-II  in a semi-desert area near Muzaffargarh  in response to covert attacks on targets in north-west Pakistan by American unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), also known as drones. In November 2008, the chief of the Pakistan Air Force told reporters that his forces are fully capable of shooting down the American drones but it was the responsibility of the government to decide whether the drone attacks were stopped through diplomacy or military engagement. In the 2010 Azm-e-Nau 3 exercises, the air defence of Pakistan Army exhibited accurate targeting of enemy's aircraft while in its attacking position, with a pinpoint precision through shoulder operated system of Anza Missiles
|Anza Mk-I ||Anza Mk-II ||Anza Mk-III|
|Length (missile and booster)||1.44 m||1.447 m||1.59 m|
|Weight (launcher and missile)||15 kg||16.5 kg||18 kg|
|Missile weight||9.8 kg||10.68 kg||11.32 kg|
|Propulsion||Solid fuel rocket motor (solid fuel booster rocket on launch)|
|Guidance||Uncooled PbS passive infrared homing seeker||Cooled InSb passive infrared homing seeker||Dual-band infrared homing seeker|
(containing 0.37 kg HE)
with contact and graze fusing
(containing 0.55 kg HE)
with contact and graze fusing
|HE fragmentation |
(containing 1.42 kg HE)
with contact and graze fusing
|Average cruise speed||500 m/s||600 m/s||>600 m/s|
|Max maneuvering||6 g||16 g|
|Self destruction time||14 to 17 s||14 to 18 s|
|Slant range||1,200 m to 4,200 m||500 m to 5,000 m||6,000 m|
|Altitude||50 m to 2300 m||30 m to 4,000 m||10 m to 3,500 m|
|Weapon reaction time||5 s||3.5 s||3.5 s|
|Ready from the march||10 s||10 s||10 s|
|Battery life||40 s||50 s||50 s|
- "PAF Weapons & Missiles". Pakistani Defence. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Kahuta - Pakistan Special Weapons Facilities". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- "Over-View Of Pakistani Weapon Systems". Pakistani Defence. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Transfers and licensed production of major conventional weapons" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Robin Hughes (2002-12-02). "SAM attack on jet reignites old fears". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on August 31, 2007. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "MBDA Spada 2000 Air Defence System for Pakistan Air Force". Defence Talk. 2007-09-11. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- B. Muralidhar Reddy (2001-03-28). "Pak. testfires missiles". The Hindu. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Malik Qasim Mustafa. "PAKISTAN DEFENCE PRODUCTION: PROSPECTS FOR DEFENCE EXPORT". Archived from the original on September 29, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "Pakistan Armée Pakistanaise forces terrestres équipements et véhicules". Army Recognition (in French). Archived from the original on 2008-10-24. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Anza-III missile to end Indian dominance". The Fact. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- "Big Issue, Big Problems?" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "IICS Anza Mk II low-altitude surface-to-air missile system (Pakistan), Land systems - Air defence - Missiles". Jane's Information Group. 2008-02-21. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "Pakistan Needs Foreign Help to Develop Missiles". The Risk Report. 1 (8): 9. October 1995. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07 – via Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control.
- John Pike (1999-03-21). "SA-7 GRAIL". FAS. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- John Pike (1999-08-10). "QW-1". FAS. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Pakistan Pushing Military Exports (May 2005). "Pakistan Pushing Military Exports". National Defense. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- Xinhua. "Pakistani defense industry in "perpetual quest" for international alliances: report". People's Daily. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "Special Supplement on IDEAS 2008 - Global Industrial and Defence Solutions (GIDS)". Financial Daily International. Retrieved 2009-02-20.[dead link]
- "Global Industrial & Defence Solutions(GIDS)" (PDF). Asian Defence Journal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "Training Simulator for Anza MK-II (ATS-II)". Defence Export Promotion Organisation. Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
- "High Speed Aerial Target Drone, HISAT-DK". Defence Export Promotion Organization. Archived from the original on 2012-02-19. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "China's Missile Exports and Assistance to South Asia". James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. August 1999. Archived from the original on 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "HN-5 Man-Portable Surface-to-Air Missile". 2007-12-21. Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Cloughley, Brian. "Pak armour has edge over India". Jane's Intelligence Review. Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- James C. "Chris" Whitmire. "SHOULDER LAUNCHED MISSILES (A.K.A. MANPADS): The Ominous Threat to Commercial Aviation" (PDF). USAF Counterproliferation Center. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "QW-1 Man-Portable Surface-to-Air Missile". Sino Defence. 2007-07-30. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Michael Puttré (2001-04-01). "Facing the Shoulder-Fired Threat". eDefenseonline.com & Horizon House Publications. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- "Trends in Small Arms and Light Weapons Development: Non-Proliferation and Arms Control Dimensions". Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. 2008-08-21. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- SIPRI Arms Transfers Database. "Transfers and licensed production of major conventional weapons". Archived from the original on 14 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
- "QW-2 Man-Portable Surface-to-Air Missile". Sino Defence. 2007-07-30. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Pakistan builds on Chinese missile system". Punjab Kesari. Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "China Hustles Stinger Tech to Pakistan". strategypage.com. May 31, 2006. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- MAH (2007-04-02). "MENGENAL AD MALAYSIA". Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Anza Mk II anti-aircraft missile for elite Rapid Deployment Force". Worldsources Online. 2003-10-15. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Missile found in Valley". The Telegraph. 2002-01-15. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Jawans recover surface-to-air missile near LoC". J&K News. 2002-12-14. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Press Trust of India (2002-12-15). "Pak-made missile found at militant hideout in J-K". Express India. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "Missile found in Kashmir". BBC News. 2002-12-14. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- "WHAT'S HOT? –– ANALYSIS OF RECENT HAPPENINGS". INDIA DEFENCE CONSULTANTS. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- Mohammed Rasooldeen (2004-10-17). "More Saudi Soldiers to Be Trained in Pakistan". Arab News. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Gilani says no agreement with US on drone attacks; army practice shoot downs". South Asia Monitor. Retrieved 2009-02-20.[dead link]
- "Pakistan army flexes muscles to shoot down drone aircraft". Khaleej Times. 2008-11-21. Archived from the original on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Pakistan army stages UAV shoot-down exercise". Army Times. 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "'Pakistan capable of shooting down US drones'". Sindh Today. 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2009-02-20.[dead link]
- "Pakistan air defence demonstrates Anza-II in Azm-e-Nau 3". Archived from the original on 2011-06-14.