Anzac, Alberta

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Anzac
Hamlet
Anzac is located in Alberta
Anzac
Anzac
Location of Anzac in Alberta
Coordinates: 56°26′47″N 111°2′50″W / 56.44639°N 111.04722°W / 56.44639; -111.04722
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Region Northern Alberta
Census division 16
Specialized municipality RM of Wood Buffalo
Established August 7, 1979[1]
Government[2]
 • Mayor Melissa Blake
 • Governing body
Elevation 490 m (1,610 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 763
Postal code T0P 1J0
Area code(s) +1-780
Website RM of Wood Buffalo page

Anzac is a hamlet in northern Alberta, Canada within the Regional Municipality (RM) of Wood Buffalo.[3] It is located on Highway 881 along the east shore of Gregoire Lake, approximately 36 kilometres (22 mi) southeast of Fort McMurray.

History[edit]

Anzac welcome sign

Anzac was named for the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps who surveyed the area during World War I for construction of the rail line to Waterways.

Originally named after Willow Lake, the previous name of Gregoire Lake, the community were mostly non-status or non-treaty Cree Indians whose forefathers had migrated to the Athabasca Basin area from what was to become northern Manitoba; mostly displacing the original Beaver and Chipewyan occupants of the area.

During World War II a road was built from the rail siding to service and construct an American army base on Stoney Mountain.

The area has seen significant growth corresponding to that of Fort McMurray and the oil industry.

The hamlet was ordered to be evacuated on May 5, 2016 due to the spread of the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfire.

Demographics[edit]

The permanent population of Anzac in 2015 was 606, with a shadow population[discuss] of 157, for a total of 763, according to a municipal census conducted by the RM of Wood Buffalo.[4]

As a designated place in the 2011 Census, Anzac had a population of 585 living in 202 of its 272 total dwellings, a -2.7% change from its 2006 population of 601. With a land area of 8.15 km2 (3.15 sq mi), it had a population density of 71.78/km2 (185.91/sq mi) in 2011.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ministerial Order 756/79" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. August 7, 1979. Retrieved April 26, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. September 16, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  3. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (April 1, 2010). "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities" (PDF). Retrieved July 10, 2010. 
  4. ^ "The Municipal Census 2015 Report" (PDF). Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo. p. 52. Retrieved May 5, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2012.