|• Also spelled||A'nza (official)|
|• Type||Village council|
|• Jurisdiction||4,740 dunams (4.7 km2 or 1.8 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||The goats|
Anzah or 'Anza (Arabic: عنزة) is a Palestinian village in the located 18 km southwest of the city of Jenin in the northern West Bank. Its total land area consists of 4,740 dunams of which nearly a 1/4 is covered with olive orchards. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 2,006 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as: "A village of ancient appearance on a hill perched above the plain, the houses descending the slope on the south-east. It has two wells down the hill and a good olive grove near the road on the south. The houses are of stone."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the village had a population of 537 Muslims, increasing slightly in the 1931 census to 642 Muslims, with 137 houses.
In 1944/5 the population was 880 Muslims, with a total of 4,740 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 958 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 2,110 dunams for cereals, while 16 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
The village has six major families: Obaid, Sadaqa, Barahmeh, Ataya, Khader, and Omour.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 178
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Jenin Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Guérin, 1875, p. 217
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 155
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin, p. 29
- Mills, 1932, p. 67
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 16
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 54
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 98
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 148
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.