Anzin

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Anzin
Commune
Sainte Barbe
Sainte Barbe
Coat of arms of Anzin
Coat of arms
Anzin is located in France
Anzin
Anzin
Location within Hauts-de-France region
Anzin is located in Hauts-de-France
Anzin
Anzin
Coordinates: 50°22′20″N 3°30′18″E / 50.3722°N 3.505°E / 50.3722; 3.505Coordinates: 50°22′20″N 3°30′18″E / 50.3722°N 3.505°E / 50.3722; 3.505
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Nord
Arrondissement Valenciennes
Canton Anzin
Intercommunality CA Valenciennes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre-Michel Bernard
Area1 3.64 km2 (1.41 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 13,646
 • Density 3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 59014 /59410
Elevation 18–95 m (59–312 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anzin is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It lies on the Scheldt, 2.4 kilometres (1 12 mi) northwest of Valenciennes, of which it is a suburb.

History[edit]

Anzin was once the centre of important coal mines of the Valenciennes basin belonging to the Anzin Company, the formation of which dates to 1717.[1] The commune's first coal layer of the area in 1734. The company of the mines of John Anzin (Compagnie des mines d'Anzin) was created in 1757. In 1884 these mines were visited by Émile Zola, who based his novel Germinal upon his observations. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the metallurgical industries of the place were extensive, and included iron and copper founding and the manufacture of steam-engines, machinery, chain-cables and a great variety of heavy iron goods. There were also glass-works and breweries.[1]

Population[edit]

Anzin demographie 1699 2010.PNG
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1699248—    
1731221−10.9%
17932,982+1249.3%
18003,096+3.8%
18063,338+7.8%
18213,863+15.7%
18314,255+10.1%
18364,182−1.7%
18414,191+0.2%
18464,422+5.5%
18515,006+13.2%
18565,855+17.0%
18616,305+7.7%
18667,283+15.5%
18727,990+9.7%
18769,009+12.8%
188110,043+11.5%
188610,656+6.1%
189111,538+8.3%
189612,768+10.7%
190114,444+13.1%
190614,387−0.4%
191114,439+0.4%
192113,790−4.5%
192615,300+10.9%
193116,090+5.2%
193614,804−8.0%
194614,235−3.8%
195415,658+10.0%
196216,275+3.9%
196815,634−3.9%
197514,866−4.9%
198214,602−1.8%
199014,064−3.7%
199914,058−0.0%
200614,051−0.0%
200913,646−2.9%

Popular culture[edit]

Bertrand Tavernier directed his film Ça commence aujourd'hui in Anzin in 1999.

See also[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Anzin". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 158. 
  • INSEE commune file
  • See Reed G. Geiger, The Anzin Coal Company, 1830-1833. Univ of Delaware Press, 1974.