Ao languages

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Ethnicity Ao Naga
Nagaland, India
Linguistic classification Sino-Tibetan
  • Ao
Glottolog aoic1235[1]

The Ao languages are a small family of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken by the Ao people of north-central Nagaland in northeast India. Conventionally classified as "Naga", they are not clearly related to other Naga languages, and are conservatively classified as an independent branch of Sino-Tibetan, pending further research.

There are six known Ao languages:

plus undescribed Ao 'dialects' (Yacham, Tengsa) which may turn out to be separate languages (see Mongsen Ao).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Aoic". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  • George van Driem (2001) Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill.
  • Bruhn, Daniel Wayne. 2014. A Phonological Reconstruction of Proto-Central Naga. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Berkeley.