Aodh (given name)

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Large bonfire.jpg
Language(s)Old Irish, Scottish Gaelic
Other names
Pet form(s)Ádhán, Aedán
Anglicisation(s)Aidan, Aiden, Aden
Derivative(s)Aodh (Ir, SG)

Aodh (// or //; Old Irish: Áed) is an Irish and Scottish Gaelic male given name, originally meaning "fire".[1] Feminine forms of the name include Aodhnait and Aodhamair. It appears in even more variants as a surname. As a surname, the root or a variant may be prefixed by O, Ó, or Ui (meaning "from" or "descendant of"), Mac or Mc (meaning "son of"), or Nic (meaning "daughter of").

The name was originally related to an Irish god of the underworld.[citation needed] The masculine given name Hugh is a common anglicization, although the names are not etymologically linked[2] (see Hughes (surname), Hughes (given name)).

Pet forms of the name formed with the diminutive -án include Aodhán and Ádhán (Old Irish Aedán), names which are sometimes anglicized as Aidan, Aiden, and Edan. A double diminutive is Aodhagán and its modern form Aogán.[2] Maodhóg (Old Irish Máedóc), anglicized Mogue, and the Welsh form Madog are formed from the affectionate prefix mo- and the separate diminutive -og.[3]

It was also used in Roman Britain as a native form of the Latin Dominus.[3]

People with the name[edit]




Aodhagan, Aodhagán, Aodhán, Aogán[edit]

All of these variants are /ˌ.əˈɡɔːn/ or /ˈɡɔːn/. The spelling Aogán reflects the loss of the light dha syllable, pronounced [ə], but the o may be reinterpreted as [ə] even in that spellinɡ.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The modern word aodh meaning 'inflammation' or as a phrase with the Irish word for 'itch' (tochas), giving aodh thochais, 'burning itch' or 'urtication' - (Foclóir Gaeilg-Béarla, eds Tomás de Bhaldraithe, Niall Ó Dónaill, Dublin 1977), is clearly cognate with the original meaning.
  2. ^ a b Hanks, Patrick; Hodges, Flavia (2006), Hardcastle, Kate, ed., A Dictionary of First Names, Oxford Paperback Reference (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, pp. 6, 126, 341, 399, ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1
  3. ^ a b Baring-Gould, Sabine & al. The Lives of the British Saints: The Saints of Wales and Cornwall and Such Irish Saints as Have Dedications in Britain, Vol. I, pp. 122 ff. Chas. Clark (London), 1908. Hosted at Accessed 18 Nov 2014.