Aonami Line

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Aonami Line
Aonami line logo.svg
Aonami-Line Type1000-1106.jpg
A 1000 series EMU
Overview
Native nameあおなみ線
OwnerNagoya Rinkai Rapid Transit
LocaleNagoya
TerminiNagoya
Kinjō-futō
Stations11
Service
TypeCommuter rail
Depot(s)Shionagi (between Inaei and Noseki Stations)
Rolling stock1000 series
Daily ridership43,888 (2018)[1]
History
Opened1 June 1950 (as Nishi-Nagoyakō Line)
6 October 2004 (as Aonami Line)
Technical
Line length15.2 km (9.4 mi)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Minimum radius191 m
Electrification1,500 V DC, overhead catenary
Operating speed110 km/h (70 mph)[2]

The Aonami Line (あおなみ線, Aonami-sen) is a third-sector railway line in the city of Nagoya operated by the Nagoya Rinkai Rapid Transit (名古屋臨海高速鉄道, Nagoya Rinkai Kōsoku Tetsudō). Officially called the Nishi-Nagoyakō Line (西名古屋港線, Nishi-Nagoyakō-sen, West Nagoya Port Line), it connects Nagoya Station with Kinjō-futō Station, and was a freight branch line of Tokaido Main Line, converted for passenger usage in October 2004.[2]

This line is still operated as a freight line by Japan Freight Railway Company (JR Freight) between Nagoya and Nagoya Freight Terminal, and so the section between Nagoya and Arako Station is used for both passenger and freight traffic.

Stations[edit]

There are two services on the line: Local and Non-stop. Non-stop services only stop at Nagoya and Kinjō-futō.

Picture Number Station name Japanese Platform type Distance (km) Location Yearly Passengers (2018)[1] Coords
Aonami Line Platform 2017.jpg
AN01 Nagoya 名古屋 1 island platform 0.0 Nakamura-ku, Nagoya 6,871,636 35°10′14.78″N 136°52′53.77″E / 35.1707722°N 136.8816028°E / 35.1707722; 136.8816028
Sasashima-raibu Sta. 200215.jpg
AN02 Sasashima-raibu ささしまライブ 2 side platforms 0.8 1,157,691 35°9′43″N 136°52′55″E / 35.16194°N 136.88194°E / 35.16194; 136.88194
AONAMI Line Komoto Station Entrance.JPG
AN03 Komoto 小本 1 island platform 3.3 Nakagawa-ku, Nagoya 539,516 35°8′57″N 136°51′41″E / 35.14917°N 136.86139°E / 35.14917; 136.86139
AONAMI Line Arako Station.JPG
AN04 Arako [ja] 荒子 1 island platform 4.3 838,137 35°8′24″N 136°51′42.3″E / 35.14000°N 136.861750°E / 35.14000; 136.861750
AONAMI Line Minami-Arako Station 01.JPG
AN05 Minami-arako [ja] 南荒子 1 island platform 5.2 553,723 35°7′54″N 136°51′42.55″E / 35.13167°N 136.8618194°E / 35.13167; 136.8618194
AONAMI Line Nakajima Station.JPG
AN06 Nakajima 中島 2 side platforms 5.9 1,041,235 35°7′30″N 136°51′41″E / 35.12500°N 136.86139°E / 35.12500; 136.86139
AONAMI Line Nagoya Keibajo-mae Station.JPG
AN07 Nagoya-keibajō-mae 名古屋競馬場前 1 island platform 7.1 Minato-ku, Nagoya 1,227,715 35°6′52″N 136°51′46″E / 35.11444°N 136.86278°E / 35.11444; 136.86278
AONAMI Line Arakogawa-koen Station 02.JPG
AN08 Arakogawa-kōen [ja] 荒子川公園 2 side platforms 8.2 1,107,251 35°06′17″N 136°51′40″E / 35.1046°N 136.8612°E / 35.1046; 136.8612
AONAMI Line Inaei Station 02.JPG
AN09 Inaei [ja] 稲永 2 side platforms 9.8 949,349 35°5′29″N 136°51′48″E / 35.09139°N 136.86333°E / 35.09139; 136.86333
AONAMI Line Noseki Station.JPG
AN10 Noseki [ja] 野跡 1 island platform 12.1 337,130 35°4′31″N 136°51′15″E / 35.07528°N 136.85417°E / 35.07528; 136.85417
金城ふ頭駅 - panoramio.jpg
AN11 Kinjō-futō [ja] 金城ふ頭 1 island platform 15.2 1,395,985 35°02′56″N 136°50′57″E / 35.048833°N 136.849056°E / 35.048833; 136.849056

Rolling stock[edit]

Services on the line are operated by a fleet of eight four-car 1000 series electric multiple unit (EMU) trains.[3]

History[edit]

A JNR Class C56 locomotive hauling 12 series coaches on the Aonami Line, February 2013

The Nishi-Nagoyakō Line opened on 1 June 1950 as a freight branch of the Tokaido Main Line between Sasashima Freight Terminal (笹島貨物) and Nishi-Nagoyakō (西名古屋港) operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR).[2] Nagoya Freight Terminal opened on 1 October 1980, and with the closure of Sasashima Freight Terminal on 1 November 1986, Nagoya Freight Terminal became the starting point of the line.[2] With the privatization and division of JNR on 1 April 1987, the line was transferred to Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) as a "Class 1 railway operator" and JR Freight as a "Class 2 railway operator".[2]

Plans to operate passenger services on the line were formalized in the 1990s, and Nagoya Rinkai Rapid Transit company was established in 1997 as a third-sector company funded by the city of Nagoya.[2] The passenger Aonami Line utilized approximately 12 km of existing freight line with a new approximately 4 km extension to Kinjō-futō Station.[2] Construction started in 2000, with improvement to the line and new stations added between Nagoya and Nakajima stations. The tracks between Nakajima and Kinjō-futō stations were raised to remove level crossings and alleviate road congestion.[4] Construction cost around 93 billion yen.[5] The line opened on 6 October 2004, and at the same time, the section of track between Nagoya Station and Nagoya Freight Terminal was closed.[2]

Despite serving attractions such as the Nagoya International Exhibition Hall and Nagoya Race Course, passenger ridership figures fell short of targets, and in July 2010, the operating company declared debts of approximately 46 billion yen, applying for alternative dispute resolution (ADR) to avoid bankruptcy.[2]

A special "SL Aonami-go" steam train service operated on the Aonami Line on 16 and 17 February 2013, using JNR Class C56 locomotive number 160 as well as three 12 series passenger coaches.[citation needed]

On 27 March 2017, a special Legoland-themed train started operating on the line to commemorate the opening of Legoland Japan.[6] The park is located by Kinjō-futō station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "令和元年版名古屋市統計年鑑 11.運輸・通信 11-6.西名古屋港線(あおなみ線)各駅の乗車人員" (in Japanese). Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Terada, Hirokazu (19 January 2013). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways]. Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 114. ISBN 978-4-7770-1336-4.
  3. ^ 私鉄車両編成表 2013 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2013]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 30 July 2013. p. 102. ISBN 978-4-330-39313-1.
  4. ^ "Overview of Aonami Line" (PDF).
  5. ^ "「あおなみ線」来月6日10周年、近藤社長に聞く、レゴランド開業で集客策、IC乗車券の全国対応も。". Nikkei Messe.
  6. ^ "LEGOLAND train begins service on Nagoya's Aonami line". Japan Today. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017.

External links[edit]