Aortoiliac occlusive disease
|Aortoiliac occlusive disease|
Plate from Gray's Anatomy showing the abdominal aorta and the common iliac arteries.
|Classification and external resources|
In medicine, aortoiliac occlusive disease, also known as Leriche's syndrome and Leriche syndrome, is a form of peripheral artery disease involving the blockage of the abdominal aorta as it transitions into the common iliac arteries.
Signs and symptoms
Classically, it is described in male patients as a triad of the following signs and symptoms:
This combination is known as Leriche syndrome. However, any number of symptoms may present, depending on the distribution and severity of the disease, such as muscle atrophy, slow wound healing in the legs, and critical limb ischemia.
- Kissing balloon angioplasty +/- stent, so named because the two common iliac stents touch each other in the distal aorta.
- Aorto-iliac bypass graft
- Axillary-bi-femoral and femoral-femoral bypass (sometimes abbreviated "ax-fem fem-fem")
The condition was first described by Robert Graham in 1914, but the condition with its triad of symptoms was ascribed to René Leriche. Leriche, a French surgeon, linked the pathophysiology with the anatomy of the condition. John Hunter's dissections of atherosclerotic aortic bifurcations from the late 18th century are preserved at the Hunterian Museum, but Leriche was first to publish on the subject based on a patient he treated with the condition at the age of 30. Following treatment the 30-year-old was able to walk without pain and maintain an erection.
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- Graham, Robert (1814). "Case of Obstructed Aorta". Med. Chir. Tr. 5: 297.
- JAWOR, WJ; PLICE, SG (10 May 1952). "Thrombotic obliteration of the abdominal aorta; report of a case.". Journal of the American Medical Association. 149 (2): 142–3. doi:10.1001/jama.1952.72930190007009b. PMID 14917575.
- synd/2747 at Who Named It?
- Leriche, R; Morel, A (February 1948). "The Syndrome of Thrombotic Obliteration of the Aortic Bifurcation.". Annals of Surgery. 127 (2): 193–206. doi:10.1097/00000658-194802000-00001. PMID 17859070.