Apache ORC

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Apache ORC
Apache ORC
Initial release20 February 2013; 8 years ago (2013-02-20)[1]
Stable release
1.6.0 / 3 September 2019; 17 months ago (2019-09-03)[2]
RepositoryORC Repository
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeDatabase management system
LicenseApache License 2.0

Apache ORC (Optimized Row Columnar) is a free and open-source column-oriented data storage format of the Apache Hadoop ecosystem. It is similar to the other columnar-storage file formats available in the Hadoop ecosystem such as RCFile and Parquet. It is compatible with most of the data processing frameworks in the Hadoop environment.

In February 2013, the Optimized Row Columnar (ORC) file format was announced by Hortonworks in collaboration with Facebook.[3] A month later, the Apache Parquet format was announced, developed by Cloudera and Twitter.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Stinger Initiative: Making Apache Hive 100 Times Faster". Retrieved Jan 1, 2019.
  2. ^ "Releases".
  3. ^ Alan Gates (February 20, 2013). "The Stinger Initiative: Making Apache Hive 100 Times Faster". Hortonworks blog. Retrieved Dec 31, 2018.
  4. ^ Justin Kestelyn (March 13, 2013). "Introducing Parquet: Efficient Columnar Storage for Apache Hadoop". Cloudera blog. Archived from the original on September 19, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2017.