Apache PDFBox

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Apache PDFBox Logo
Developer(s)Apache Software Foundation
Stable release
1.8.x1.8.16 / 1 October 2018; 2 years ago (2018-10-01)
2.0.x2.0.21 / 20 August 2020; 3 months ago (2020-08-20)
RepositoryPDFBox Repository (Mirror)
Written inJava
Operating systemCross-platform
TypePortable Document Format (PDF)
LicenseApache License 2.0

Apache PDFBox is an open source pure-Java library that can be used to create, render, print, split, merge, alter, verify and extract text and meta-data of PDF files.

Open Hub reports over 11,000 commits (since the start as an Apache project) by 18 contributors representing more than 140,000 lines of code. PDFBox has a well established, mature codebase maintained by an average size development team with increasing year-over-year commits. Using the COCOMO model, it took an estimated 46 person-years of effort.[1]


Apache PDFBox has these components:

  • PDFBox: the main part
  • FontBox: handles font information
  • XmpBox: handles XMP metadata
  • Preflight (optional): checks PDF files for PDF/A-1b conformity.


PDFBox was started in 2002 in SourceForge by Ben Litchfield who wanted to be able to extract text of PDF files for Lucene.[2] It became an Apache Incubator project in 2008, and an Apache top level project in 2009.[3]

Preflight was originally named PaDaF and developed by Atos worldline, and donated to the project in 2011.[4]

In February 2015, Apache PDFBox was named an Open Source Partner Organization of the PDF Association.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Apache PDFBox Open Source Project on Open Hub". openhub.net. 2017-03-18. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  2. ^ Apache PDFBox and FontBox 1.0.0 released, The H Open, 16 February 2010
  3. ^ PDFBox Project Incubation Status
  4. ^ PaDaF Preflight Codebase Intellectual Property (IP) Clearance Status
  5. ^ Apache™ PDFBox™ named an Open Source Partner Organization of the PDF Association, February 3, 2015

External links[edit]