Apache Phoenix

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Apache Phoenix
Apache Phoenix Logo
Developer(s) Apache Software Foundation
Initial release April 15, 2014; 4 years ago (2014-04-15)
Stable release
4.14.0 / 26 May 2018 (2018-05-26)
Repository https://github.com/apache/phoenix
Written in Java
Operating system Cross-platform
Type SQL database
License Apache License 2.0
Website phoenix.apache.org

Apache Phoenix is an open source, massively parallel, relational database engine supporting OLTP for Hadoop using Apache HBase as its backing store. Phoenix provides a JDBC driver that hides the intricacies of the noSQL store enabling users to create, delete, and alter SQL tables, views, indexes, and sequences; insert and delete rows singly and in bulk; and query data through SQL.[1] Phoenix compiles queries and other statements into native noSQL store APIs rather than using MapReduce enabling the building of low latency applications on top of noSQL stores.[2]


Phoenix began as an internal project by the company salesforce.com out of a need to support a higher level, well understood, SQL language. It was originally open-sourced on GitHub[3] and became a top-level Apache project on 22 May 2014.[4] Apache Phoenix is included in the Hortonworks distribution for HDP 2.1 and above,[5] is available as part of Cloudera labs,[6] and is part of the Hadoop ecosystem.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ James Taylor. "Apache Phoenix Transforming HBase into a SQL database", HadoopSummit, 4 June 2014.
  2. ^ Istvan Szegedi. "Apache Phoenix – an SQL Driver for HBase", BigHadoop, 17 May 2014.
  3. ^ Abel Avram. "Phoenix: Running SQL Queries on Apache HBase", InfoQ, 31 January 2013.
  4. ^ Adam Seligman. "Apache Phoenix: A small step for big data", Salesforce.com Developer, 28 May 2014.
  5. ^ Hortonworks. "Chapter 7. Installing Phoenix", Hortonworks, 2 July 2014.
  6. ^ Srikanth Srungarapu. "Apache Phoenix Joins Cloudera Labs", Cloudera, 6 May 2015.
  7. ^ Serdar Yegulalp. "10 ways to query Hadoop with SQL", "[1]", 16 September 2014.

External links[edit]