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Subjugation of Naga Apalala - Government Museum - Mathura 2013-02-24 5937.JPG
(Pinyin: Ābōluóluó Lóngwáng)
(Pinyin: Ābōluóluó Lóngwáng)
(romaji: Apara Ryū-Ō)
(RR: Apalala Yongwang)
Thaiพญานาค อะปาลาละ
(RTGSPhayanak Apalala)
Wylie: Klu'i rgyal po sog ma med pa
VietnameseLong Vương Ưu Bát La
Venerated byTheravāda*, Mahāyāna, Vajrayāna
Dharma Wheel.svg Buddhism portal

Apalāla is a water-dwelling Nāga in Buddhist mythology. It is said that Apalāla lived near the Swat River, this area is currently located in Peshawar, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan.[1][2] He is known to be a Naga King.[1]

Apalāla was converted to Buddhism by the Buddha;[2] this is one of the most popular legends in Buddhist lore and art.[3][4] The tale is often told to children of Buddhist parents for them to learn their happiness lies in the Buddhist faith.[citation needed]


The story of Apalāla's conversion (Pali: Apalāladamana) does not seem to be found in the Pali Canon, although his name does appear with other beings that honor the Buddha.

The Samantapāsādikā mentions that this story was among those not included in the Three Councils. It is evidenced that it was known in Sri Lanka as it is mentioned among the scenes depicted in the relic-chamber of the Mahāthūpa. The Divyāvadāna also mentions that Apalāla's conversion took place shortly before the Buddha's death.


  1. ^ a b "Between Buddha and naga king: Enter the yin and yang of the Swat River". The Express Tribune. 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2019-04-12.
  2. ^ a b Rose, Carol M. (2001). Giants, Monsters, and Dragons: An Encyclopedia of Folklore, Legend, and Myth. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. p. 22. ISBN 0-393-32211-4.
  3. ^ Hastings, James (1922). Encyclopædia of Religion and Ethics. Charles Scribner's & Sons. p. 127.
  4. ^ Matthews, John O. (2005). The Element Encyclopedia of Magical Creatures: The Ultimate A-Z of Fantastic Beings From Myth and Magic (The Element Encyclopedia). New York: Sterling. p. 32. ISBN 1-4027-3543-X.