Aparai

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Apalai
Total population
(398 (2010)[1])
Regions with significant populations
 Brazil (Amapá, Pará)
Languages
Aparai, Wayana, Portuguese
Religion
traditional tribal religion

The Aparai or Apalai are an indigenous people of Brazil, who live in Amapá and Pará states.[2] A little community is located in French Guiana, in Antecume Pata.[3] They were sedentary slash-and-burn farmers, necessitating periodic relocation as soil became exhausted, but also hunters and gatherers. They spoke a Carib language and in the 20th century their subsistence shifted towards craftwork as they adapted to modern Brazil and the cash economy.

Name[edit]

The tribe calls themselves Aparai. They have been known by Apalai, Appirois, Aparathy, Apareilles, Apalaii, Aparis and Apalaís.[4]

Language[edit]

Most Aparai people are multi-lingual, and many speak Aparai, Wayana, Portuguese, and Tiriyó, as well as Wajãpi, Aluku, and Criollo. The Aparai language is one of the Karib languages.[4]

Population[edit]

In 1993, they numbered 450, and in 2010, there are 398 Apalai people.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Aparai". Povos Indígenas no Brasil. (retrieved 17 March 2011)
  2. ^ "Aparai". Povos Indígenas no Brasil. (retrieved 17 March 2010)
  3. ^ Alì, Maurizio; Ailincai, Rodica (2013). "Learning and Growing in indigenous Amazon. The Education System of French Guyana Wayana-Apalaï communities". Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 106 (10): 1742–1752. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.196. 
  4. ^ a b "Aparai: Name and Language". Povos Indígenas no Brasil. (retrieved 17 March 2010)

External links[edit]