Aparicio Méndez

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Aparicio Méndez
Aparicio Méndez.jpg
President of Uruguay
De facto
In office
September 1, 1976 – September 1, 1981
Preceded by Alberto Demicheli
Succeeded by Gregorio Conrado Álvarez
Minister of Public Heatlh
In office
April 13, 1961 – June 16, 1964
President National Council of Government
Preceded by Carlos Stajano
Succeeded by Francisco Rodríguez Camusso
Personal details
Born Aparicio Méndez Manfredini
(1904-08-24)August 24, 1904
Rivera, Uruguay
Died June 27, 1988(1988-06-27) (aged 83)
Montevideo, Uruguay
Political party National Party
Spouse(s) Blanca Alonso González
Alma mater University of the Republic
Profession Lawyer

Aparicio Méndez Manfredini (August 24, 1904 - June 27, 1988) was a Uruguayan political figure. He was a de facto President of Uruguay from 1976–1981 as a non-democratically elected authority of the Civic-military dictatorship (1973–1985).

Background[edit]

Born in the northern city of Rivera, Méndez was a member of the National Party, traditionally strong in the interior of the country from whence he originated. He built up a reputation as an expert in administrative law.

Méndez served as Health Minister from 1961–1964.

In addition to his political life, Méndez was a close personal friend of the Spanish classical guitarist Andrés Segovia. Segovia lived in Montevideo during the 1940s, and came into contact with Méndez during this time. Segovia composed two original pieces for Méndez, the Anecdote #4 (published in Guitar Review Magazine in 1947), and the Preludio #8 (subtitled "on a theme by Aparicio Méndez") which was published by Edizioni Musicali Bèrben in 1998.

President of Uruguay[edit]

Méndez was one of various civilian political figures who participated in the civilian-military administration which took office following President Juan Maria Bordaberry's coup in 1973 at a time of great social tension. It was as one who had built a reputation for reliability with its military participants that he subsequently served as President for five years.

Free constitutional referendum[edit]

In 1980, Méndez's government held a constitutional referendum, the free nature of which was underlined by the fact that the electorate rejected the government's proposals.

Death and legacy[edit]

Méndez died in Montevideo in 1988. Some would argue that, in agreeing to serve as President with military support, Aparicio Méndez was effectively repudiating the principles of the National Party with which he had been associated. Others would point out that Méndez was far from alone among the various civilian party political figures who participated in the Civic-military dictatorship (1973–1985), and that he presided over a free referendum.

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Alberto Demicheli
De facto President of Uruguay
1976–1981
Succeeded by
Gregorio Alvarez