Apartments and Flats of Downtown Indianapolis Thematic Resources

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Apartments and Flats of Downtown Indianapolis Thematic Resources is a multiple property submission of apartments on the National Register of Historic Places in downtown Indianapolis, Indiana. The area is roughly bounded by Interstate 65 and Fall Creek on the north, Interstate 65 and Interstate 70 on the east, Interstate 70 on the south, and Harding Street on the west.[1]:2

History[edit]

The 36 properties included in the nomination are generally in the period from 1890 to 1930, when Indianapolis was experiencing its greatest economic growth. The oldest property, the Sid-Mar, was built in 1887, while the youngest property, the Wyndham, was built in 1930.[1]:8

The need for apartments in downtown Indianapolis came about as a result of the city's industrial development during the late 19th century, led by the railroad and automobile industries, as well as Eli Lilly and Company. Banking, retail, and educational institutions grew during this time as well.[1]:14 The growth in population in Indianapolis after 1880 was fueled mostly by rural people moving to the city, as opposed to foreign immigration. The city was attractive to people who wanted educational, financial, and social advancement.[1]:14 The apartments and flats built in the city were an affordable alternative for people who wanted to move to the city before marrying or having children. Single women were needed in the workforce during World War I, so they found apartment dwelling acceptable. Young men moving from the countryside were moving away from living in boarding houses and choosing apartments.[1]:18–20

Architecture[edit]

A 1904 ordinance by the Indianapolis City Council outlawed wood-frame construction within the downtown area. All of these apartment buildings were built of brick, with some use of Indiana limestone used for ornamentation, lintels, and sills. Most of the buildings are three stories high, except for a few that were considered "high-rises". There is not a lot of differentiation between architectural styles. Most of the buildings use Classical Revival design features with symmetric facades, pilasters, keystones, and dentil and modillion cornices. Other architectural styles popular at the time, such as Gothic Revival and Second Empire are absent. The Blacherne has a few elements of Richardsonian Romanesque design, while a few bay windows show influence of Queen Anne Style architecture. Tudor Revival architecture began its influence in the 1920s, with the Dartmouth and the Wyndham as examples. The McKay, built in 1924, has Art Deco detailing.[1]:8–9

Initially, an apartment was defined as a suite of two or three rooms without a kitchen. These were popular with young men. A flat was defined as five to seven rooms, including a kitchen and a dining room, and were attractive to young married couples as well as retired couples. The distinction began to fade by the 1920s, and "apartment" became the label for any multi-unit rental properties.[1]:20

Properties included in the nomination[edit]

There were 37 properties in the nomination. An additional eligible property, the Delmar, was demolished while the nomination was in progress.[1]:9[2] One of the 37 listed buildings, the St. Clair, was removed from the National Register in 1991.[1]

Landmark name Image Date listed Location City or Town Summary
1 The Alameda The Alameda, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 37 W. St. Clair St.
39°46′41″N 86°9′33″W / 39.77806°N 86.15917°W / 39.77806; -86.15917 (Alameda)
Indianapolis
2 The Alexandra September 15, 1983 402-416 N. New Jersey St. and 332-336 E. Vermont St.
39°46′22″N 86°9′2″W / 39.77278°N 86.15056°W / 39.77278; -86.15056 (Alexandra)
Indianapolis An enlarged "Eastern" flat.[1]
3 The Ambassador The Ambassador, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 39 E. 9th St.
39°46′44″N 86°9′21″W / 39.77889°N 86.15583°W / 39.77889; -86.15583 (Ambassador)
Indianapolis
4 The Baker September 15, 1983 310 N. Alabama St. and 341 Massachusetts Ave.
39°46′18″N 86°9′9″W / 39.77167°N 86.15250°W / 39.77167; -86.15250 (Baker)
Indianapolis
5 The Blacherne The Blacherne, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 402 N. Meridian St.
39°46′22″N 86°9′29″W / 39.77278°N 86.15806°W / 39.77278; -86.15806 (Blacherne)
Indianapolis Built in 1895 and owned by Lew Wallace, the Blacherne was a fashionable residential address for leaders in Indianapolis business and society. Wallace lived in the building during the city's winter social season. The success of this apartment building spurred the construction of many others during the ensuing decade.[1]
6 The Burton The Burton, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 821-823 N. Pennsylvania St.
39°46′42″N 86°9′20″W / 39.77833°N 86.15556°W / 39.77833; -86.15556 (Burton)
Indianapolis
7 The Cathcart The Cathcart, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 103 E. 9th St.
39°46′44″N 86°9′20″W / 39.77889°N 86.15556°W / 39.77889; -86.15556 (Cathcart)
Indianapolis
8 The Chadwick The Chadwick, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 1005 N. Pennsylvania St.
39°46′52″N 86°9′19″W / 39.78111°N 86.15528°W / 39.78111; -86.15528 (Chadwick)
Indianapolis
9 The Colonial September 15, 1983 126 E. Vermont St. and 402-408 N. Delaware St.
39°46′22″N 86°9′15″W / 39.77278°N 86.15417°W / 39.77278; -86.15417 (Colonial)
Indianapolis
10 The Dartmouth September 15, 1983 221 E. Michigan St.
39°46′29″N 86°9′12″W / 39.77472°N 86.15333°W / 39.77472; -86.15333 (Dartmouth)
Indianapolis
11 Delaware Court September 15, 1983 1001-1015 N. Delaware St.
39°46′52″N 86°9′13″W / 39.78111°N 86.15361°W / 39.78111; -86.15361 (Delaware Court)
Indianapolis Built in 1916-17 by developer George William Brown.[1]
12 Delaware Flats September 15, 1983 120-128 N. Delaware St.
39°46′8″N 86°9′16″W / 39.76889°N 86.15444°W / 39.76889; -86.15444 (Delaware Flats)
Indianapolis Built in 1887.[1]
13 The Devonshire September 15, 1983 412 N. Alabama St.
39°46′24″N 86°9′9″W / 39.77333°N 86.15250°W / 39.77333; -86.15250 (Devonshire)
Indianapolis
14 The Emelie The Emelie, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 326-330 N. Senate Ave.and 301-303 W. Vermont St.
39°46′21″N 86°9′48″W / 39.77250°N 86.16333°W / 39.77250; -86.16333 (Emelie)
Indianapolis
15 The Glencoe The Glencoe, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 627 N. Pennsylvania St.
39°46′35″N 86°9′20″W / 39.77639°N 86.15556°W / 39.77639; -86.15556 (Glencoe)
Indianapolis
16 The Grover The Grover, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 615 N. Pennsylvania St.
39°46′34″N 86°9′20″W / 39.77611°N 86.15556°W / 39.77611; -86.15556 (Grover)
Indianapolis
17 The Harriett September 15, 1983 124-128 N. East St.
39°46′9″N 86°8′57″W / 39.76917°N 86.14917°W / 39.76917; -86.14917 (Harriett)
Indianapolis
18 The Lodge The Lodge, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 829 N. Pennsylvania St.
39°46′43″N 86°9′20″W / 39.77861°N 86.15556°W / 39.77861; -86.15556 (Lodge)
Indianapolis Built in 1905 by developer E.G. Spink for Caleb N. Lodge, this is an example of the "Eastern" flat type.[1]
19 The Martens The Martens, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 348-356 Indiana Ave.
39°46′20″N 86°9′47″W / 39.77222°N 86.16306°W / 39.77222; -86.16306 (Martens)
Indianapolis
20 The Massachusetts September 15, 1983 421-427 Massachusetts Ave.
39°46′24″N 86°9′3″W / 39.77333°N 86.15083°W / 39.77333; -86.15083 (Massachusetts)
Indianapolis
21 The Mayleeno September 15, 1983 416-418 E. Vermont St.
39°46′22″N 86°8′59″W / 39.77278°N 86.14972°W / 39.77278; -86.14972 (Mayleeno)
Indianapolis
22 The McKay The McKay, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 611 N. Pennsylvania St.
39°46′33″N 86°9′20″W / 39.77583°N 86.15556°W / 39.77583; -86.15556 (McKay)
Indianapolis
23 The Myrtle Fern September 15, 1983 221 E. 9th St.
39°46′44″N 86°9′11″W / 39.77889°N 86.15306°W / 39.77889; -86.15306 (Myrtle Fern)
Indianapolis
24 The Oxford September 15, 1983 316 E. Vermont St.
39°46′22″N 86°9′6″W / 39.77278°N 86.15167°W / 39.77278; -86.15167 (Oxford)
Indianapolis
25 The Pennsylvania The Pennsylvania, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 919 N. Pennsylvania St.
39°46′46″N 86°9′19″W / 39.77944°N 86.15528°W / 39.77944; -86.15528 (Pennsylvania)
Indianapolis Built in 1906 by developer George William Brown, the Pennsylvania is an example of the "Eastern" flat type.[1]
26 The Plaza The Plaza, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 902 N. Pennsylvania St. and 36 E. 9th St.
39°46′45″N 86°9′21″W / 39.77917°N 86.15583°W / 39.77917; -86.15583 (Plaza)
Indianapolis
27 The Rink The Rink, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 401 N. Illinois St.
39°46′22″N 86°9′34″W / 39.77278°N 86.15944°W / 39.77278; -86.15944 (Rink)
Indianapolis
28 The Savoy The Savoy, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 36 W. Vermont St.
39°46′22″N 86°9′32″W / 39.77278°N 86.15889°W / 39.77278; -86.15889 (Savoy)
Indianapolis
29 The Shelton September 15, 1983 825 N. Delaware St.
39°46′42″N 86°9′13″W / 39.77833°N 86.15361°W / 39.77833; -86.15361 (Shelton)
Indianapolis
30 The Sid-Mar September 15, 1983 401-403 Massachusetts Ave.
39°46′22″N 86°9′7″W / 39.77278°N 86.15194°W / 39.77278; -86.15194 (Sid-Mar)
Indianapolis Built in 1887.[1]
31 The Spink September 15, 1983 230 E. 9th St.
39°46′45″N 86°9′10″W / 39.77917°N 86.15278°W / 39.77917; -86.15278 (Spink)
Indianapolis
32 The Sylvania The Sylvania, Indianapolis.jpg September 15, 1983 801 N. Pennsylvania St. and 108 E. St. Clair St.
39°46′41″N 86°9′20″W / 39.77806°N 86.15556°W / 39.77806; -86.15556 (Sylvania)
Indianapolis
33 The Vienna September 15, 1983 306 E. New York St.
39°46′17″N 86°9′8″W / 39.77139°N 86.15222°W / 39.77139; -86.15222 (Vienna)
Indianapolis Built in 1908 by developer George William Brown.[1]
34 The Wil-Fra-Mar September 15, 1983 318-320 E. Vermont St.
39°46′22″N 86°9′5″W / 39.77278°N 86.15139°W / 39.77278; -86.15139 (Wil-Fra-Mar)
Indianapolis Built after 1887, the Wil-Fra-Mar is an early example of the "Eastern" flat type.[1]
35 Wilson The wilson.JPG September 15, 1983 643 Ft. Wayne Ave.
39°46′34″N 86°9′17″W / 39.77611°N 86.15472°W / 39.77611; -86.15472 (Wilson)
Indianapolis
36 The Wyndham September 15, 1983 1040 N. Delaware St.
39°46′56″N 86°9′14″W / 39.78222°N 86.15389°W / 39.78222; -86.15389 (Wyndham)
Indianapolis

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Niggle, Karen S. & Sheryl D. Robinson (1983-02-28). "Apartments and Flats of Downtown Indianapolis TR" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-02. 
  2. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 

See also[edit]