Apatsahayesvarar Temple, Alangudi

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Abathsagayeswarar Temple
Aalangudi Temple.jpg
Apatsahayesvarar Temple, Alangudi is located in Tamil Nadu
Apatsahayesvarar Temple, Alangudi
Location in Tamil Nadu
Geography
Coordinates 10°22′N 78°58′E / 10.367°N 78.967°E / 10.367; 78.967Coordinates: 10°22′N 78°58′E / 10.367°N 78.967°E / 10.367; 78.967
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tiruvarur
Location Alangudi
Culture
Sanctum Abathsagewarar(Shiva), Dakshinamoorthy(Jupiter)
Architecture
Architectural styles Dravidian architecture

Apatsahayesvarar Temple, Alangudi or Guru Sthalam or Tiru Irum Poolai[1] is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the village of Alangudi in the Valangaiman taluk[2] of Tiruvarur district, Tamil Nadu, India. Shiva is worshipped as Apathsahyesvarar, and is represented by the lingam. His consort Parvati is depicted as Tribuvananayagi. The presiding deity is revered in the 7th century Tamil Saiva canonical work, the Tevaram, written by Tamil saint poets known as the Nayanmars and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

The temple complex covers two acres and it houses a two tier gateway tower known as gopurams, one facing the Apathsaheswarar shrine and other towards North. The temple has a number of shrines, with those of Apathsaheswarar and his consort Elavarkuzhali being the most prominent.

The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 6:00 a.m. to 8:30 p.m., and four yearly festivals on its calendar. The Brahmotsavam festival celebrated during Chittirai (April–May) is the most prominent festival.

The original complex is believed to have been built by Cholas, while the present masonry structure was built during the Nayak during the 16th century. In modern times, the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of the Government of Tamil Nadu.

Architecture[edit]

The temple has a 5-tier rajagopuram surrounded by two prakarams(closed precincts of a temple.

Legend[edit]

Legend is that Siva consumed deadly poison, giving rise to the name Alangudi and deity being termed Apatsahayesvarar, indicating saviour during hard times. The other names of the presiding deity are Aranyeswarar. There are sixteen waterbodies associated with the temple.[3]

Navagraha[edit]

The temple is one of the nine Navagraha sthalas(Temples of Nine planets) located in the Cauvery Delta region dedicated to planet Jupiter, called Dakshinamoorthy, the Guru.[4]

Festivals[edit]

Image of the temple car

The temple priests perform the puja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. The temple rituals are performed six times a day; Kalasanthi at 6:00 a.m., Irandam Kalm at 9:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 a.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m, Irandam Kalm at 7:30 p.m., and Arthajamam at 9:00 p.m.. Each ritual comprises four steps: abhisheka (sacred bath), alangaram (decoration), naivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for Apatsahayesvarar and Elavarkuzhali. There are weekly rituals like somavaram (Monday) and sukravaram (Friday), fortnightly rituals like pradosham, and monthly festivals like amavasai (new moon day), kiruthigai, pournami (full moon day) and sathurthi. Other festivals include Vinayaka Chaturthi, Aadi Pooram, Navaratri, Aippasi Pournami, Skanda Sashti, Kartikai Deepam, Arudra Darisanam, Tai Poosam, Maasi Magam, Panguni Uththiram and Vaikasi Visakam. The major festival of the temple is the Brahmotsavam celebrated during the Tamil month of Chittirai (April–June), when special worship practises are followed and the festival image of the deity is taken around the streets of Alangudi.[5]

Religious significance[edit]

The Northern temple tower
Om symbol
Sapthavigraha Moorthis
Om symbol
Saptha Vigraha moorthis are the seven prime consorts in all Shiva temples located at seven cardinal points around the temple
Deity Temple Location
Shiva Mahalingaswamy temple Tiruvidaimarudur
Vinayaga Vellai Vinayagar Temple Thiruvalanchuzhi
Murugan Swamimalai Murugan temple Swamimalai
Nataraja Natarajar temple Chidambaram
Durga Thenupuriswarar Temple Patteswaram
Guru Apatsahayesvarar Temple Alangudi
Navagraha Suryanar Kovil Suryanar Kovil

The temple is counted as one of the Navagraha Temples for planet Guru (Jupiter).[6] Tirugnana Sambandar, a 7th-century Tamil Saivite poet, venerated Apathsaheswarar in ten verses in Tevaram, compiled as the First Tirumurai. Appar, a contemporary of Sambandar, also venerated Annamalaiyar in 10 verses in Tevaram, compiled as the Fifth Tirumurai. As the temple is revered in Tevaram, it is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam, one of the 276 temples that find mention in the Saiva canon. The temple is one of the most visited temples in the district.[4]

According to Hindu legend, Mahalingaswamy is the centre of all Shiva temples in the region and the Saptha Vigraha moorthis (seven prime consorts in all Shiva temples) are located at seven cardinal points around the temple, located in various parts of the state.[7][8] The seven deities are Nataraja in Chidambaram Nataraja Temple at Chidambaram, Chandikeswarar in Tirucheingalur Temple at Tirucheingalur, Vinayagar in Vellai Vinayagar Temple at Thiruvalanchuzhi, Muruga in Swamimalai Murugan Temple at Swamimalai, Bhairava in Sattainathar Temple at Sirkali, Navagraha in Sooriyanar Temple at Suryanar Kovil and Dakshinamoorthy in this temple.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0157.pdf. P52
  2. ^ http://tnmaps.tn.nic.in/vill.php?dcode=20&centcode=0001&tlkname=Valangaiman#MAP
  3. ^ V., Meena (1974). Temples in South India (1st ed.). Kanniyakumari: Harikumar Arts. p. 32. 
  4. ^ a b "Navagraha temples". Thanjavur District Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  5. ^ "Sri Apatsahaeswarar temple". Dinamalar. 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  6. ^ K.R., Sundararajan; Mukerji, Bithika (2003). Hindu spirituality: Postclassical and modern. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 425. ISBN 9788120819375. 
  7. ^ Tourist guide to Tamil Nadu (2007). Tourist guide to Tamil Nadu. Chennai: T. Krishna Press. p. 53. ISBN 81-7478-177-3. 
  8. ^ a b Narayanaswami (April 1987). "Jyothirmaya Mahalingam". Om Sakthi (in Tamil). Coimbatore: Om Sakthi Publications: 34-5. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]