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As used for the Cracker butterflies by Illiger in 1807, Apatura has been officially rejected and is now Hamadryas.
Apatura ilia1.jpg
Lesser Purple Emperor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Division: Rhopalocera
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Apaturinae
Genus: Apatura
Fabricius, 1807

see text

  • Aeola Billberg, 1820
  • Apaturia Sodoffsky, 1837
  • Potamis Hübner, [1806]

Apatura is a genus of butterflies commonly known as the emperors.

Purple Emperors (Apatura iris) and Lesser Purple Emperors (Apatura ilia) eat moisture on the body of a dead Common Frog (Rana temporaria), Ukraine


Listed alphabetically.[1]

Moved to genus Chitoria:

Moved to genus Mimathyma:

Further reading[edit]

  • 1950. Le Moult (E.), Révision de la classification des Apaturinae de l'Ancien Monde, supplement to Miscellanea Entomologica.
  • 1971. Rigout (J.), Une ponte d'Apatura en captivité, Alexanor.
  • 1976. Nguyen (T. H.), Les Apatura. Polymorphisme et spéciation (Nymphalidae). Sciences Nat.


  1. ^ Apatura, funet.fi

External links[edit]

Media related to Apatura at Wikimedia Commons

  • Data related to Apatura at Wikispecies