|Location||Mount St. Helens, Washington, U.S.|
Ape Canyon is a gorge along the edge of the Plains of Abraham, on the southeast shoulder of Mount St. Helens in the state of Washington. The gorge narrows to as close as eight feet (2.5 m) at one point. The name alludes to a reported encounter with several "apemen" in 1924, an event later incorporated into Bigfoot folklore.
Ape Canyon was heavily impacted by the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. Adjacent to the steep rocky canyon is the present Ape Canyon trail, popular with hikers and mountain bikers. On the south side of the mountain is another feature named Ape Cave.
Alleged Bigfoot attack
Ape Canyon was reportedly the site of a violent encounter in 1924 between a group of miners and a group of apemen. These allegations were reported on in the July 16, 1924 issue of The Oregonian. Fred Beck, one of the miners, claimed they shot and possibly killed at least one of the creatures, precipitating an attack on their cabin, during which the creatures bombarded the cabin with rocks and tried to break in. Beck detailed his claims in a 22-page booklet written in 1967, in which he identified the creatures as mystical beings from another dimension, explaining that he had experienced psychic premonitions and visions his entire life of which the apemen were only one component. Roger Patterson interviewed Beck in 1966 and printed its gist in his book, Do Abominable Snowmen of America Really Exist? along with drawings, a photo of the miners, a map, a reprint of a contemporary newspaper story on the incident, plus reprints of three newspaper stories about subsequent spooky and Bigfoot-related activity in Ape Canyon. Chris Murphy's account of the incident includes four photos and an illustration.
Portions of Patterson's taped interview are reprinted in Green's Sasquatch: The Apes Among Us. Cryptozoologist Mark A. Hall pointed out that in it Beck significantly increased the ape-men's foot size (to 19 inches (48 cm), on page 94), height (to eight feet (2.5 m), on page 95), and weight (to "six or eight hundred pounds," (270-360 kg) on page 96), from what he had told the press in earlier interviews. (Hall is profiled in Cryptozoology A to Z.)
William Halliday, director of the Western Speleological Survey, claimed in his 1983 pamphlet Ape Cave and the Mount Saint Helens Apes that the miner's assailants were actually local youths. Until the eruption of Mt. St. Helens, counselors from the YMCA's Camp Meehan on nearby Spirit Lake brought hikers to the canyon's edge and related a tradition that the 1924 incident was actually the result of young campers throwing light pumice stones into the canyon, not realizing there were miners at the bottom. Looking up, the miners would have only seen dark moonlit figures throwing stones at their cabin. The narrow walls of the canyon would have served to distort the voices of the YMCA campers enough to frighten the men below.
Disappearance of skier Jim Carter
The headline to a story by Marge Davenport, Oregon Journal staff writer, in an August 1963 issue of the Longview Times, datelined Spirit Lake, Washington, is "Ape Canyon Holds Unsolved Mystery." It contains the following text:
"'Carter's complete disappearance is an unsolved mystery to this day,' declared Bob Lee, a well-known Portland mountaineer .... 'Dr. Otto Trott, Lee Stark, and I finally came to the conclusion that the apes got him,' said Lee seriously.... On the way down the mountain, he [Carter] left the other climbers at a landmark called Dog's Head, at the 8000-foot (2400 m) level. He told them he would ski around to the left and take a picture of the group as they skied down to timberline. That was the last anyone saw of Carter. The next morning searchers found a discarded film box at the point where he had taken a picture. "From here, Carter evidently took off down the mountain a wild, death-defying dash, 'taking chances that no skier of his caliber would take unless something was terribly wrong or he was being pursued .... He jumped over two or three large crevasses and evidently was going like the devil.' When Carter's tracks reached the precipitous sides of Ape Canyon, the searchers were amazed to see that Carter had been in such a hurry that he went right down the steep canyon walls. But they did not find him at the bottom .... 'We combed the canyon, one end to the other, for five days. Sometimes there were as many as 75 people in the search party ....' After two weeks the search was called off."
Another article by the same author and in the same paper is titled, "Legendary Mt. St. Helens Apemen Called Legitimate" and covers much the same ground.
A third article by the same author, "Monster Sightings Rekindle Interest in Mt. St. Helens Hairy Apes," states: "An employee at the ranger station later had a lot of fun with a foot form. From time to time he left its imprints on the [Spirit] lake shore. This caused a lot of excitement, and later, when someone discovered the tracks were all of the same right foot, he admitted the hoax. However, the ape legend has persisted and more fuel has been added to the fire from time to time as intermittent reports have come in about persons sighting strange figures on the mountain sides, or hearing weird noises in the wilderness. However, the sightings last weekend [described earlier in the story] were the first reported in several years."
This event is briefly covered in On the Track of Bigfoot.
- Franzoni, Henry, Bigfoot: Fact or Fantasy?, retrieved 2008-07-01
- Pyle, Robert Michael (1995), Where Bigfoot Walks: Crossing the Dark Divide, Houghton Mifflin Books, 1995, p. 131, ISBN 0-395-85701-5
- Beck, Fred; told to Ronald A. Beck. (1967) I Fought the Apemen of Mount St. Helens, WA..
- Bigfoot Encounters
- Patterson and Murphy, 74–85, 86–93
- Murphy (2009), 30–31
- Mark A. Hall, "Mystery Profiles--2002: Ape Canyon, Washington--1924," in Wonders, 7 (3): 85, September 2002
- Coleman and Clark, 103–04
- Reprinted in Patterson and Murphy, 89–91
- Reprinted in Patterson and Murphy, 86–88—the mention of Carter is on page 87 It contains the following: "Bob Lee of Portland, a leader of the 1961 Himalayan expedition ... was a member of a party that searched for Jim Carter, an experienced skier and mountaineer, who vanished on the mountain in 1950.... Carter left the group to take a picture and said he would ski to the left of the group. He was never seen again. His tracks, however, indicate that he suddenly took off down the mountain in a wild, death-defying run that no experienced skier would make—unless he were being pursued. The track went in the direction of Ape Canyon—but no trace of Carter or his equipment was found although the area was combed for two weeks."
- Reprinted in Patterson and Murphy, 92–93
- Place, 116–17
- Buhs, Joshua Blu (August 1, 2009). Bigfoot: The Life and Times of a Legend. University of Chicago Press. pp. 122–24. ISBN 978-0-226-50215-1.
- Coleman, Loren (2003). Bigfoot!: The True Story of Apes in America. Paraview Pocket Books. pp. 46–51. ISBN 0-7434-6975-5.
- Daegling, David J. (2004). Bigfoot Exposed: An Anthropologist Examines America's Enduring Legend. Altamira Press. pp. 69–70. ISBN 0-7591-0539-1.
- Green, John (2006) . Sasquatch: The Apes Among Us. Hancock House. pp. 88–98. ISBN 0-88839-018-1.
- Christopher L. Murphy (2009). Know the Sasquatch/Bigfoot: Sequel and Update to Meet the Sasquatch. Hancock House. pp. 30–31, 294. ISBN 978-0-88839-689-1.
- Roger Patterson & Chris Murphy (2005) . The Bigfoot Film Controversy (contains Patterson's 1966 book, Do Abominable Snowmen of America Really Exist?). Hancock House. pp. 74–85, 86–93. ISBN 0-88839-581-7.
- Place, Marian (1974). On the Track of Bigfoot. Dodd, Mead. pp. 116–17, for the miners' story, see 111–15. ISBN 0-396-06883-9.
- Barbara Wasson (1979). Sasquatch Apparitions: A Critique on the Pacific Northwest Hominoid. self-published. pp. 10–11. ISBN 0-9614105-0-7.