Apera

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windgrass
silkybent grass
Apera spica-venti.jpg
Apera spica-venti[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Apera
Adans.[2]
Type species
Apera spica-venti
(L.) P. Beauv.[3]
Synonyms[4]

Anemagrostis Trin.

Apera is a small genus of annual grasses,[5] known commonly as silkybent grass or windgrass. They are native to Europe, North Africa and parts of Asia but have been introduced and naturalized in much of North and South America.[4][6][7]United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile

Species[4][8][9][10]
  1. Apera baytopiana Dogan - Muğla Province in southwestern Turkey
  2. Apera intermedia Hack. - Turkey, Aegean Islands, Iraq, Iran, Caucasus; naturalized in Primorye
  3. Apera interrupta (L.) P.Beauv. - dense silkybent, interrupted windgrass - Eurasia and North Africa from Portugal to Sweden to Algeria to Kazakhstan; naturalized in Argentina, Chile, USA, Canada
  4. Apera spica-venti (L.) P. Beauv. - loose silkybent, common windgrass - Eurasia and North Africa from Canary Islands to Denmark to Yakutia; naturalized in USA, Canada, and Russian Far East
  5. Apera triaristata Dogan - Denizli Province in southwestern Turkey
formerly included[4]

see Agrostis Anemanthele Dichelachne Muhlenbergia Sporobolus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ early 19th-Century illustration of Apera spica-venti from http://www.illustratedgarden.org/mobot/rarebooks/page.asp?relation=QK495F19H671801V3&identifier=0165 Title: Icones et descriptiones Graminum austriacorum Author(s): Host, Nikolaus Thomas Schmidt, A Ibmayer, J Publisher: Vindobonae : A. Schmidt, 1801-1809.
  2. ^ Adanson, Michel 1763. Familles des Plantes 2: 495 in French
  3. ^ Tropicos, Apera Adans.
  4. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  6. ^ Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul
  7. ^ Jepson Manual Treatment
  8. ^ The Plant List search for Apera
  9. ^ Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps
  10. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Apera