Apheloria

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Apheloria
Apheloria virginiensis corrugata 2014-06-24.jpg
Apheloria virginiensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Diplopoda
Order: Polydesmida
Family: Xystodesmidae
Genus: Apheloria
Chamberlin, 1921
Species

Apheloria luminosa (Kenyon, 1893)
Apheloria montana (Bollman, 1887)
Apheloria tigana Chamberlin, 1939
Apheloria virginiensis (Drury, 1770)

Synonyms[1]

Leptocircus Attems, 1931

Apheloria is a genus of flat-backed millipedes in the family Xystodesmidae, occurring in the central and southeastern United States, and ranging as far north as southern Quebec, Canada.[1][2] They are aposematically colored in black and contrasting reds and yellows, and some species in the Appalachian Mountains resemble species of Brachoria where they co-occur, a phenomenon known as Müllerian mimicry.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hoffman, Richard L. 1999. Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publications 8, pp. 293-296
  2. ^ Marek, Paul; Tanabe, Tsutomu; Sierwald, Petra (2014) A Species Catalog of the Millipede Family Xystodesmidae (Diplopoda: Polydesmida). Special Publication 17. Virginia Museum of Natural History. pp. 7-9
  3. ^ Marek, P. E.; Bond, J. E. (2009). "A Mullerian mimicry ring in Appalachian millipedes". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106 (24): 9755–9760. doi:10.1073/pnas.0810408106. PMC 2700981Freely accessible. PMID 19487663.