Aphex Twin performing in Turin in 2007
|Birth name||Richard David James|
|Also known as|
|Born||18 August 1971|
Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland
|Origin||Lanner, Cornwall, England|
Richard David James (born 18 August 1971), best known as Aphex Twin, is a British musician. He was born in Ireland to Welsh parents and raised in Cornwall, England. He is best known for his influential and idiosyncratic work in styles such as ambient techno and IDM during the 1990s, and is among the most acclaimed figures in contemporary electronic music.
Initially releasing acid techno music under aliases such as AFX and Polygon Window, James received widespread acclaim for his 1992 debut album Selected Ambient Works 85–92. During this period, he became associated with UK record label Warp and co-founded the independent label Rephlex Records. He rose to mainstream popularity with the 1997 single "Come to Daddy" and 1999 single "Windowlicker" as well as for their music videos directed by Chris Cunningham.
After his 2001 album Drukqs, James went into a period of inactivity as Aphex Twin but continued to issue music under other aliases, including the Analord EPs in 2005 as AFX and a pair of EPs in 2007 as The Tuss. He returned as Aphex Twin in 2014 with the album Syro, which won a Grammy Award for Best Dance/Electronic Album.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Musical style
- 3 Image and pseudonyms
- 4 Influence and legacy
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Awards
- 7 Equipment
- 8 Discography
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
James was born on 18 August 1971 in Limerick, the son of Welsh parents. He grew up in Lanner, Cornwall, with two older sisters, in a "very happy" childhood during which they "were pretty much left to do what [they] wanted". He enjoyed living there, feeling apart from nearby cities and the rest of the world. Some of his earliest musical experiments as a child involved James playing with the strings inside his family's piano, similar to composer John Cage's prepared piano experiments, and at age nine he began purchasing tapes and tape recorders. James attended Redruth School in Redruth, Cornwall, and claimed to have produced sound on a Sinclair ZX81 (a machine with no sound hardware) at age 11:
|“||When I was 11, I won 50 pounds in a competition for writing this program that made sound on a ZX81. You couldn't make sound on a ZX81, but I played around with machine code and found some codes that retuned the TV signal so that it made this really weird noise when you turned the volume up.||”|
According to musician Benjamin Middleton, James began producing music the following year. At age twelve, he bought his first synthesiser, which he reassembled himself: "I started off modifying analogue synths and junk that I bought, and got addicted to making noises. That was the buzz for me. At that point, I'd never really listened to music." As a teenager he was a disc jockey at the Shire Horse Inn in St Ives, with Tom Middleton at the Bowgie Inn in Crantock and along the beaches around Cornwall. James studied at Cornwall College from 1988 to 1990 for a National Diploma in engineering. About his studies, he said "music and electronics went hand in hand". James graduated from college; according to an engineering lecturer he often wore headphones during practical lessons, "no doubt thinking through the mixes he'd be working on later".
1989–1992: Early career
In 1989, James befriended Grant Wilson-Claridge when they were working alternating weeks as a DJ at the Bowgie pub near Newquay. Wilson-Claridge was intrigued by his sets, and when he discovered that James was playing tapes of his own music he suggested that they make records. At first, putting Aphex Twin's recordings on vinyl was a way of making music the duo's friends wanted to hear; because of their geographic isolation they could not access the music they wanted to hear, so they decided to create their own.
James' first release as Aphex Twin, later changed to AFX, was the 1991 12-inch EP Analogue Bubblebath on Mighty Force Records. The track "En Trance to Exit" was recorded with Tom Middleton, also known as Schizophrenia. The EP made the playlist of Kiss FM, an influential London radio station, which helped it become successful.
In 1991, James and Wilson-Claridge founded Rephlex Records to promote "innovation in the dynamics of Acid – a much-loved and misunderstood genre of house music forgotten by some and indeed new to others, especially in Britain". From 1991 to 1993 James released two Analogue Bubblebath EPs (one without a band name on it, one as AFX) and an EP, Bradley's Beat, as Bradley Strider. Although he moved to London to take an electronics course at Kingston Polytechnic, he admitted to David Toop that his electronics studies were being evacuated as he pursued a career in the techno genre.
After leaving the Polytechnic, James remained in London, releasing albums and EPs on Warp Records and other labels under a number of aliases (including AFX, Polygon Window and Power-Pill); several of his tracks, released under aliases including Blue Calx and The Dice Man, appeared on compilations. Although he allegedly lived on the roundabout in Elephant and Castle, South London, during his early years in the city, he actually lived in a nearby unoccupied bank.
1992–1995: Gaining success
The first full-length Aphex Twin album, Selected Ambient Works 85–92, was released in 1992 on R&S Records to critical acclaim; John Bush of Allmusic described it as a "watershed of ambient music". In 2002 Rolling Stone said about the album, "Aphex Twin expanded way beyond the ambient music of Brian Eno by fusing lush soundscapes with oceanic beats and bass lines." Pitchfork called it "among the most interesting music ever created with a keyboard and a computer". However, critics noted that the songs were recorded on cassette and their sound quality was relatively poor.
In 1992 James also released the Digeridoo (first played by DJ Colin Faver) and Xylem Tube EP as Aphex Twin, the Pac-Man EP (based on the arcade game) as Power-Pill, and two of his four Joyrex EPs (Joyrex J4 EP and Joyrex J5 EP) as Caustic Window. "Digeridoo" reached #55 on the UK Singles Chart, and was later described by Rolling Stone as foreshadowing drum and bass. He wrote "Digeridoo" to clear up his audience after a rave. These early releases were on Rephlex Records, Mighty Force of Exeter and R&S Records of Belgium.
In 1993 James released Analogue Bubblebath 3; the "On" EP and its accompanying remix EP; his second Bradley Strider EP, Bradley's Robot; two more Caustic Window EPs and his first releases on Warp Records, Surfing on Sine Waves and "Quoth EP", as Polygon Window. Warp Records released the second Aphex Twin album, Selected Ambient Works Volume II in 1994, which explored a more purely ambient sound than its beat-driven predecessor. The track names were described with pie chart symbols, each of which was meant to be paired with a corresponding image in the album jacket (except "Blue Calx"). To decipher the titles, listeners had to compare the length of each track with the size of the pie-chart symbols; for example, the first title (often called "Cliffs"), is realised by pairing the first symbol with the first image (a rocky cliffside). James said in The Wire magazine and elsewhere that the tracks were inspired by lucid dreams and synesthesia. Other releases were a fourth Analogue Bubblebath; GAK (derived from early demos sent to Warp Records), and Classics, a compilation album with "Digeridoo" EP and the Xylem Tube EP.
For his 1995 release ...I Care Because You Do James used an image of his face for the album cover, a motif which would be repeated on many of his later records. The tracks on this album were composed between 1990 and 1994 in a range of Aphex Twin musical styles. This was James' last record during the 1990s to emphasise analogue synthesizers. He commissioned Western classical-music composer Philip Glass to create an orchestral version of "Icct Hedral" (a song on this album), which appeared on the Donkey Rhubarb EP. Also in 1995, James released his Hangable Auto Bulb EP, which spearheaded the shortlived drill 'n' bass style.
1995–2000: Commercial height
In November 1995 The Wire published an article, "Advice to Clever Children". During the production of the interview a package of tapes with music from several artists (including Aphex Twin) was sent to Karlheinz Stockhausen, who said:
|“||I heard the piece Aphex Twin of Richard James (sic) carefully: I think it would be very helpful if he listens to my work "Song of the Youth", which is electronic music, and a young boy's voice singing with himself. Because he would then immediately stop with all these post-African repetitions, and he would look for changing tempi and changing rhythms, and he would not allow to repeat any rhythm if it varied to some extent and if it did not have a direction in its sequence of variations.||”|
Richard D. James Album, James' fourth studio album as Aphex Twin, was released on Warp Records in 1996. The album includes his personal name (Richard David James) in the title and features use of software synthesizers and unconventional beats. John Bush of AllMusic noted that this was James' first studio album to work with jungle music, noting that the album was "more extreme than virtually all jungle being made at the time" with beats that were layered over the slower melodies that characterized James' earlier ambient works. Pitchfork opined that the album was one of the "aggressive combinations of disparate electronic forms when it was released", with its "almost-brutal contrast between its elements creates a seal that's locked in freshness since way back in 1996." The album garnered high acclaim from music critics, and was named 40th in Pitchfork's "Top 100 Albums of the 1990s" list. It was also placed at number 55 on NME's Top 100 Albums of All Time in 2003.
James garnered attention the following year after the release of his Come to Daddy EP. The EP's title track was conceived as a death metal parody, with James stating: "Come to Daddy came about while I was just hanging around my house, getting pissed and doing this crappy death metal jingle. Then it got marketed and a video was made, and this little idea that I had, which was a joke, turned into something huge. It wasn't right at all." Accompanied with a music video directed by Chris Cunningham, he became disenchanted by its success. It was followed by "Windowlicker", a critically and commercially successful single promoted with a music video also directed by Cunningham, which was nominated for the Brit Award for Best British Video in 2000.
2000–2009: Drukqs and Analord series
In 2001 Aphex Twin released Drukqs, an experimental double album featuring computer-controlled piano (influenced by Erik Satie and John Cage) and abrasive, fast, meticulously-programmed songs. Many track names are written in Cornish—for example, "Jynweythek Ylow" ("Machine Music"). Rolling Stone described the piano pieces as "aimlessly pretty". The release polarized reviewers, some believed that Drukqs was released as a contract-breaker with Warp Records, since James' next major release was on his own Rephlex label. The musician told interviewers he accidentally left an MP3 player with a large number of new songs (labelled "Aphex Twin—unreleased tracks") on a plane, and rushed the album's release to preempt an Internet leak. In 2001 James also released a short EP, 2 Remixes By AFX, with remixes of songs by 808 State and DJ Pierre. It also had an untitled third track, consisting of a SSTV image with high-pitched sounds which can be decoded to a viewable image with appropriate software (such as MultiMode for Macintosh or MMSSTV for Windows). In 2002, James was nominated for the Brit Award for Best British Male.
In 2005 James released his 11-part Analord series under his previously used pseudonym of AFX: 11 EPs with a total of 42 tracks (initially averaging two to four tracks per EP). The series was created by playing and sequencing analogue and digital electronic musical equipment such as synthesizers and drum machines (predominantly the Roland 303, 808 and 909 machines) recorded on magnetic tape and then pressed on vinyl. James also utilized his collection of vintage synthesizers and drum machines, some of which were rare by that time. Some record inserts have photos of rare synthesizers like the Synton Fenix, the notoriously difficult-to-program Roland MC-4 sequencer and the Roland TB-303.
James was meticulous about the process of recording, mastering and pressing. He tried a number of pressing plants until he was satisfied with the quality of each EP. James prefers vinyl or tape to digital. However, label co-owner Wilson-Claridge convinced him to release a CD compilation (Chosen Lords) with 10 tracks from the Analord series.
Twenty more tracks were added in December 2009 to the Analord series (available by download from the Rephlex Records website), and each EP now contains up to nine tracks.
Media speculation in 2007 suggested that Aphex Twin was recording under another new alias, The Tuss, attributed to the names "Brian Tregaskin" and "Karen Tregaskin". The Guardian newspaper and others printed rumours of The Tuss being a pseudonym of or a collaboration with Richard D. James. Contesting that, Rephlex's co-founder, Grant Wilson-Claridge, stated in a 2007 e-mail interview that The Tuss is not James, saying, "People seem more interested in speculation and celebrity than content, quality or music. Be careful you don't miss something really great that isn't really famous." However, all The Tuss tracks are published in the BMI repertoire under "James Richard David", and the two The Tuss works use a Yamaha GX1, an exceptionally rare and expensive analog synthesizer that James is known to own.
When Syro was announced in 2014, Bleep.com confirmed that The Tuss was an Aphex Twin alias. In a pre-Syro interview with Dutch magazine OOR, James finally confirmed that he had been busy, in fact, "recording two EPs as The Tuss".
In an October 2010 interview with the British magazine Another Man, James said that he had completed six albums (one of which was a remake of the unreleased Melodies from Mars, originally produced around the time of Richard D. James Album).
In June 2011, James spoke to the Spanish newspaper El País. When asked about the six albums, James answered: "More than 10 or 11 are already compiled, and many more songs are orphans". He also said that a new album "[would] show in a while" and the reason for the delay since his last album was that he was divorcing his wife, though some fans assumed the latter comment to be a joke. In September 2011, James appeared as Aphex Twin in a live tribute to avant-garde Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki. Alongside Radiohead guitarist Jonny Greenwood, James performed his remix of Penderecki's "Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima", as well as a version of "Polymorphia", at the tribute concert that was held in Poland. The following month, an Aphex Twin set was part of the lineup at the Pitchfork Music Festival Paris event.
In October 2012, James brought his remote orchestra act to London for one 3-act performance including the "Interactive Tuned Feedback Pendulum Array", which paid tribute and expanded upon Steve Reich's "Pendulum Music".
On 16 June 2014, the 1994 Caustic Window LP (originally a test pressing, of which at least five copies were made and given to µ-ziq, Cylob and Rephlex co-founder Grant Wilson-Claridge) was released as a digital download to backers of a Kickstarter campaign to buy a copy of the vinyl record from an anonymous seller on Discogs. The purchase of the vinyl and the subsequent vinyl rip was organized by We Are the Music Makers, an online electronic music forum. The crowdfunding was approved by Rephlex Records and James, with each contributor receiving the right to keep their digital copy of the album. When the campaign finished, the LP was placed for auction on eBay and purchased by Markus Persson, designer of the video game Minecraft.
On 16 August 2014, a green blimp with the Aphex Twin logo and "2014" written on its side was identified flying over London, UK. The sighting of the blimp was reported in both the NME and Pitchfork music publications. Soon after, a photo on Twitter appeared showing the Aphex Twin logo sprayed on the footpath outside of Radio City Music Hall in New York City. Two days later, the Aphex Twin Twitter account posted a link to a hidden service using deep web browser Tor, providing the title and tracklist of a then-upcoming album release called Syro, which was the first Aphex Twin studio album since Drukqs in 2001.
An official press release was shared by the Pitchfork online music publication on 21 August 2014, providing readers with both the album cover artwork and further album details. Syro was released on the Warp label on 23 September 2014 and the cover artwork, which reads like a tax receipt, is by the Designers Republic brand. A limited-edition box set version of the album was released through the Bleep label, limited to 200 copies. Interested buyers were required to enter a lottery to become eligible.
2014–2015: SoundCloud tracks
In a November 2014 interview about Syro, James revealed another set of 21 tracks, labeled Modular Trax, that were made available on SoundCloud – both the interview and the tracks were later removed.
Between January and November 2015, an anonymous user posted 268 tracks on SoundCloud (later removing the tracks "4 Red Calx" and "5 Girl Boy Dark Version"), under the names "user487363530", "user4873635301", "user48736353001", and finally "user18081971". Philip Sherburne stated on Pitchfork:
|“||... the hallmarks of the production recall specific moments in James' catalogue ... you can hear the same machines, the same processes, and above all, the same ideas—if this isn't James, then it's a musician who's every bit his peer, and what are the chances of one of those going undiscovered for all these years?||”|
Mike Paradinas (aka μ-Ziq) who worked with James on the 1996 Expert Knob Twiddlers album, confirmed the authenticity of several of the tracks. That same day, the official Aphex Twin Twitter account tweeted a link to the SoundCloud page for the user named "user48736353001". In a piece for the Guardian, Stuart Aitken argued that Aphex Twin's experiments with SoundCloud and other digital media should encourage musicians to similarly explore the creative opportunities of the internet.
On 27 February 2015, James created the "saw 1.5" playlist on SoundCloud, comprising 11 tracks from the hundred or so posted over the months, presumably tracks that did not make it onto Selected Ambient Works 85–92. He commented that "there are more, inc. versions of the tracks that were released on SAW 1, those will come out on a re-release one day hopefully, so saving those for that." In May, James compiled 36 of the posted tracks as the playlist "Surfing on Sine Waves 2", with the statement "Would love to release this on Warp, all mastered properly, maybe a double album."
On 6 May 2015 James' secondary SoundCloud account, along with the 200+ tracks shared, were deleted without any explanation. Two days later the account was resurrected with all 200+ tracks and comments intact under the name "user18081971". The new username refers to Richard's birthday, which is 18 August 1971.
On 1 July 2015, Richard uploaded a new track to the official Aphex Twin SoundCloud account, announcing a new EP, titled Orphaned Deejay Selek 2006-2008, returning to his AFX moniker for the first time since the Analord series. Almost all of the SoundCloud tracks on the user18081971 account have since been removed.
On 5 June 2016, Aphex Twin released a poster teasing his upcoming EP Cheetah. The EP contained some of the tracks Richard uploaded to SoundCloud. The EP was released on 8 July. A music video was released for "CIRKLON3 [Колхозная mix]", directed by Ryan Wyer, a then-12 year old Aphex Twin fan from Rush, County Dublin. Wyer had been uploading videos about his interest in Aphex Twin for some time, which caught the attention of James and Warp, who asked him to create an official video. It was the first official music video for an Aphex Twin track to have been made in 17 years.
On 17 December 2016, James performed in Houston, Texas at the Day for Night festival, his first American appearance in 8 years. An untitled 12-inch vinyl was sold exclusively at the festival, containing two 10-minute tracks, which appear to be alternative versions of the same material.
On 3 June 2017, James performed at the Field Day festival and released the limited edition EP London 03.06.17. James' performance was livestreamed by NTS Radio and uploaded to YouTube. The next day, following his performance at the Forbidden Fruit Festival in Kilmainham, County Dublin, Ryan Wyer was brought out onstage with his parents to greet the audience. Wyer uploaded a vlog of his experience backstage during James' performance.
On 5 June 2017, an unexplained timer appeared on his website. On 20 June 2017, this was revealed to have been a countdown to a new online store. The store includes about half of his albums, each with unreleased bonus tracks, some of which were previously released on SoundCloud. The store also includes an official, expanded version of the album released during his Field Day performance, plus an album accompanying his interview with ex-Korg engineer Tatsuya Takahashi.
With the new store open, James has stated that his current project is a compilation of ambient tracks from his early period to be released as "Selected Ambient Works 1.5" (which will be somewhat similar to the playlist of the same name he released in 2015). The compilation is planned to be released digitally as well as on vinyl.
On 28 July 2018, the Aphex Twin logo was found posted on the walls of the Elephant and Castle station in south London, on a wall in central Turin in Italy, and on the side of Amoeba Music on Sunset Boulevard. These sudden appearances of the logo prompted rumors of a possible new album release. On 7 August 2018 it was confirmed that a new EP, titled Collapse, will be released on 14 September 2018. The name of the EP was first announced on August 5 in a garbled press release written in broken English and visually distorted with the same Aphex Twin 3D graphic found in London, Turin and Hollywood.
A promotional video for the Collapse EP was going to be broadcast on Adult Swim, but it was cancelled after failing the Harding test. It was made available online instead and the official music video for the song "T69 Collapse" was uploaded to YouTube.
In a September 1997 interview with Space Age Bachelor magazine, James said he composed ambient music at age 13, had "over 100 hours" of unreleased music and had invented music-composition software consisting of algorithmic processes which automatically generated rhythm and melody. In the interview, he also claimed to have experienced synesthesia and incorporated lucid dreaming into his compositions. In a 1993 interview with Simon Reynolds, James claimed voluntary sleep deprivation as an influence on his productions.
In 2001, The Guardian described James' musical lineage as Stockhausen, John Cage, Kraftwerk, Brian Eno and Derrick May. Acknowledging another influence, James released Music from the BBC Radiophonic Workshop: a compilation of music recorded by the pioneers of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop (including Delia Derbyshire) on Rephlex. Although he has said "I don't really like rock & roll" he appreciates Led Zeppelin (as a source of "great breakbeats"), and Pink Floyd (for their psychedelic music).
James' Rephlex Records, which he co-owned with Grant Wilson-Claridge, coined the word "braindance" in 1991 to describe Aphex Twin's music. According to the label: "Braindance is the genre that encompasses the best elements of all genres, e.g. traditional, classical, electronic music, popular, modern, industrial, ambient, hip-hop, electro, house, techno, breakbeat, hardcore, ragga, garage, drum and bass, etc." In a review of Astrobotnia's Parts 1, 2 & 3 Rephlex release, a Pitchfork writer said in 2002:
|“||Breakbeats liberated producers from the impositions of relentless four-to-the-floor stomping, and "braindance" escaped the mind/body binary opposition of electronic music—here was a rhythmically hyper, complex genre that retained its club roots by appending fantastically supple limbs to the listener's fervid imagination.||”|
Intelligent dance music (IDM) is mentioned on the home page of the Intelligent Dance Music (IDM) mailing list (created in August 1993) about the music of Aphex Twin and the Artificial Intelligence Series released by Warp Records. The series features James' recordings as Polygon Window and early productions from artists including Autechre, Black Dog, Richie Hawtin's FUSE project and Speedy J. The term spread to the United States and internet message boards. James responded to the IDM term in a 1997 interview:
|“||I just think it's really funny to have terms like that. It's basically saying, "this is intelligent and everything else is stupid." It's really nasty to everyone else's music. (laughs) It makes me laugh, things like that. I don't use names. I just say that I like something or I don't.||”|
Image and pseudonyms
James' face, grinning or distorted, is a theme of his album covers, music videos and songs. According to him, it began as a response to techno producers who concealed their identities:
|“||I did it because the thing in techno you weren't supposed to do was to be recognized and stuff. The sort of unwritten rule was that you can't put your face on the sleeve. It has to be like a circuit board or something. Therefore I put my face on the sleeve. That's why I originally did it. But then I got carried away.||”|
The cover of ...I Care Because You Do features a painting of James, and that of Richard D. James Album has a close-up photograph. His face is superimposed on the bodies of other people in the music videos for "Come to Daddy" and "Windowlicker". Near the end of the second track of the "Windowlicker" single (known as "Equation"), a photo of James' face is a steganogram which is revealed as a spectrogram. Another image of James and collaborator Tom Jenkinson is embedded (in SSTV format) with text in the third track of 2 Remixes by AFX, "Bonus High Frequency Sounds". He has used his own photography for some releases, including the album sleeve for Selected Ambient Works Volume II.
James has recorded as AFX, Blue Calx, Bradley Strider, The Universal Indicator, Brian Tregaskin, Caustic Window, The, Smojphace, GAK, Karen Tregaskin, Martin Tressider, PBoD (Phonic Boy on Dope), Polygon Window, Power-Pill, Q-Chastic, Dice Man, The Tuss, and Soit-P.P. In a 1997 interview, James commented on the difference between works released under different names, saying "There's really no big theory. It's just things that I feel right in doing at the time and I really don't know why. I select songs for certain things and I just do it. I don't know what it means".
In a 2001 interview, Richard D. James commented on the ambiguous nature of his own releases and the speculation that surrounds many anonymous artists working in electronica: "a lot of people think everything electronic is mine. I get credited for so many things, it's incredible. I'm practically everyone, I reckon—everyone and nobody".
Influence and legacy
Writing in The Guardian in 2001, journalist Paul Lester described James as "the most inventive and influential figure in contemporary electronic music". AllMusic's John Bush wrote that, "unlike most artists who emerged from the '90s techno scene, James established himself as a genuine personality, known for his cheeky grin and nightmare-inducing music videos as much as his groundbreaking albums and EPs," which helped to "expand his audience from ravers and critics to rock fans, with numerous non-electronic musicians citing him as an inspiration".
In 2007 Thomas Bangalter of Daft Punk cited Aphex Twin (particularly "Windowlicker") as an influence for the duo's 2nd album Discovery. Bangalter said he liked it because "It wasn't a big club beat, but it also wasn't a laid back, quiet one.".
In 2013, Thom Yorke of Radiohead named Aphex Twin as his biggest influence, saying: "He burns a heavy shadow ... Aphex opened up another world that didn't involve my fucking electric guitar ... I hated all the music that was around Radiohead at the time, it was completely fucking meaningless. I hated the Britpop thing and what was happening in America, but Aphex was totally beautiful, and he's kind of my age too." In 2002, asked if he would tour with Radiohead, James said "I wouldn't play with them since I don't like them".
His 1994 song "#5" from Selected Ambient Works Volume II was slowed down and made into the song "City of Lost Angels". This version was featured in the 1997 game Fallout from Interplay Entertainment.
Former Red Hot Chili Peppers guitarist John Frusciante said that Aphex Twin is "the best thing since sliced bread", and his Outsides EP and PBX Funicular Intaglio Zone are examples of James' influence.
In June 2014, Answer Code Request (Patrick Gräser) called James "one producer who always inspires" him in the "Influences" section of the Ransom Note website. Gräser used the Aphex Twin song "Analogue Bubblebath 1" to exemplify James' influence: "I guess being obsessed with your own music is what makes him that brilliant."
James described himself in a Guardian interview: "I'm just some irritating, lying, ginger kid from Cornwall who should have been locked up in some youth detention centre. I just managed to escape and blag it into music." In a 1996 interview, he claimed that three years prior to his birth, his mother gave birth to a son also named Richard who died at birth, leaving James to subsequently inherit his name and "take his place;" his brother's alleged gravestone would be featured on the Girl/Boy EP cover artwork.
In the mid-1990s, he bought a former bank in the Elephant & Castle area of London, where he claimed to live in a converted vault. He also mischievously claimed in a 2001 interview to have bought the steel structure in the center of the roundabout, though this is in fact the Michael Faraday Memorial which houses an electricity substation for the London Underground. In the 1990s, James bought a World War II-era Daimler Ferret Mark 3 "tank" (technically an armoured car), complete with working machine gun, which he would drive around town while living in Cornwall in lieu of a car. He stated that it "pisses over virtual reality or any computer game I've ever played." He also claimed to have bought a submarine.
In a 2010 interview with Fact, James revealed that he was living in Scotland at the time after relocating from London—according to FACT, he "extolled the virtues" of his new residential location. As of 2014[update], he lives in Scotland with his two sons—from his first marriage—and his second wife, a Russian art student. According to James, his sons both make music.
|1998||MTV Video Music Awards||Best Special Effects||"Come to Daddy"||Nominated|
|D&AD Awards||Pop Promo Video with a budget over £40.000||Yellow Pencil|
|MTV Europe Music Awards||Best Video||Nominated|
|Prix Ars Electronica||Digital Music||Himself||Won|
|2000||Brit Awards||Best British Video||"Windowlicker"||Nominated|
|D&AD Awards||Direction||Yellow Pencil|
|NME Awards||Single of the Year||Won|
|2002||Best Dance Act||Himself||Nominated|
|Brit Awards||British Male Solo Artist||Nominated|
|Shortlist Music Prize||Album of the Year||Drukqs||Nominated|
|2005||Antville Music Video Awards||Best Video||"Rubber Johnny"||Nominated|
|2014||Rober Awards Music Poll||Best Male Artist||Himself||Nominated|
|Comeback of the Year||Nominated|
|2015||Grammy Awards||Best Dance/Electronica Album||Syro||Won|
|International Dance Music Awards||Best Full Length Studio Recording||Nominated|
|Mercury Prize||Album of the Year||Nominated|
|A2IM Libera Awards||Nominated|
|Creative Packaging Award||Won|
|Marketing Genius||Syro album release campaign||Nominated|
|2016||Brit Awards||British Male Solo Artist||Himself||Nominated|
|2018||UK Video Music Awards||Best Dance Video||"T69 Collapse"||Nominated|
|Best Visual Effects in a Video||Nominated|
|Best Animation in a Video||Nominated|
|2019||Brit Awards||British Male Solo Artist||Himself||Pending|
Studio albums as Aphex Twin
- Selected Ambient Works 85–92 (1992)
- Selected Ambient Works Volume II (1994)
- ...I Care Because You Do (1995)
- Richard D. James Album (1996)
- Drukqs (2001)
- Syro (2014)
- "Brits Awards – Aphex Twin". Archived from the original on 5 August 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- John Bush (1971-08-18). "Aphex Twin | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- Vozick-Levinson, Simon. "Aphex Twin on New 'Syro' LP: 'I'm Feeling Really Horny About It – and Very Smug'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- Lester, Paul (5 October 2001). "Tank boy". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Statement by Warp Records". January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-14.
- O'Connell, John (October 2001). "Untitled". The Face. EMAP. Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Stern, Theresa (September 1997). "Interview by Theresa Stern". The Aphex Twin Community. Archived from the original on 2 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Reynolds, Simon. "A Classic Aphex Twin Interview. Simon Reynolds Talks To Richard D. James". The Quietus. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- Stuart Aitken (28 November 2003). "Rephlexology". mad.co.uk.
- Middleton, Benjamin (30 October 1992). alt.rave https://groups.google.com/group/alt.rave/browse_thread/thread/bd94e30720889cc4/7958a9d0de1c453d. Retrieved 2008-06-14. Missing or empty
- Robinson, Dave. "The Aphex Effect". Future Music Magazine, April 1993. pp. 22–23.
- Murray, Janet (12 June 2007). "College days". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 26 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Turenne, Martin (April 2003). "Aphex Twin – The Contrarian". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 3 June 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2008.
- Wilson-Claridge, Grant (30 November 1992). "~~~ The definitive RePHLeX ~~~". alt.rave. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Toop, David (March 1994). "Lost in space". The Face. Archived from the original on 3 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Blashill, Pat (19 November 2002). "Selected Ambient Works 85–92". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Pecoraro, David (20 February 2002). "Selected Ambient Works 85–92". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 20 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "Biography". The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll. 2001. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Hobbs, Mary Anne (6 December 2005). "tracklisting". BBC. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "The Saw II Graphical F.A.Q". The Aphex Twin Community. 2001. Archived from the original on 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "The Aphex Twin Community / Learn / Interviews & Articles / Eponymous Rex Interview". Aphextwin.nu. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Drill'n'bass | Music Highlights". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- Simon Reynolds. Energy Flash: A Journey Through Rave Music and Dance Culture. Soft Skull Press, 2012.
- Witts, Dick; Young, Rob (November 1995). "Advice to Clever Children". The Wire. 67 (141): 553. doi:10.2175/106143095X135840. Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2008.
- Carr, Eric (17 November 2003). "Staff Lists: Top 100 Albums of the 1990s". Pitchfork. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Top 100 Albums of the 1990s". Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- "2003 NME 's 100 Best Albums Of All Time". Retrieved 2017-09-30.
- "Index Magazine – Richard D James". Index Magazine. 14 January 2001. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- Blashill, Pat (17 October 2001). "Drukqs". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Synths, drukqs and rock'n'roll". The Sydney Morning Herald. 9 January 2004. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Pattison, Louis (26 May 2007). "Dancing in the dark". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
- Pattison, Louis (26 May 2007). "Dancing in the dark". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Phelan, Benjamin (24 July 2007). "Ghost in the Machine". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on 8 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Roullier, Ian (July 2007). "Grant Wilson-Claridge online e-mail interview". Ianroullier.com. Retrieved 24 November 2008.
- "BMI's entries for RICHARD DAVID JAMES". Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- "Alspacka's BMI entry". Retrieved 25 November 2008.
- "Yamaha : GX-1". Synthmuseum.com. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- "Aphex Twin and Aliases". Bleep.com. 2014-08-20. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
- Poolman, Koen. "Aphex Bonus Beats (2): Meer Interview Outtakes". OOR. OOR. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- "Aphex Twin Says He's Got Six Albums Completed | News". Pitchfork. 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Google Translate". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Photos: Pitchfork Music Festival Paris [Friday]". Pitchfork. 29 October 2011. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
- Carrie Batten (12 September 2011). "Video: New Compositions From Aphex Twin and Jonny Greenwood". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
- "CAT023 Caustic Window – Own The Legendary Record by RDJ!". Kickstarter. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
- "APHEX TWIN'S CAUSTIC WINDOW TEST PRESSING BOUGHT BY MINECRAFT CREATOR NOTCH". Factmag. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- Evan Minsker (16 August 2014). "An Aphex Twin Blimp Is Flying Over London". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
- Bowe, Miles (18 August 2014). "Aphex Twin Announces New Album SYRO Via Deep Web". Stereogum. Retrieved 2014-09-22.
- Amy Phillips (21 August 2014). "Aphex Twin Reveals Amazing SYRO Album Artwork and Bio". Pitchfork. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- "Aphex Twin Announces Computer Controlled Acoustic Instruments pt2 EP". Fact Mag. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Noyze, David. "Aphex Twin SYROBONKERS! Interview – Part 2". Noyzelab. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
- "NOYZELAB – 16X16 CELL MEDITATIONS ( preview clips) by .MEDS | dot meds | Free Listening on SoundCloud". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 10 August 2016. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
- "Aphex Twin Gives Away 21-Track Modular Synth Album Plus a Bundle of Demos and Studio Experiments". Fact. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
- "Aphex Twin: his Soundcloud dump shows how musicians can shock and delight – The Guardian". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-02-03.
- Sherburne, Philip (27 January 2015). "If This Aphex Twin Archive Is Fake, We Don't Want to Know What Real Is". Pitchfork. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- Aphex Twin (29 January 2015). "soundcloud.com/user4873635300..." Twitter. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "AFX – orphaned deejay selek 2006–2008". Bleep.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "orphaned deejay selek 2006–2008". Warp. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "Serge Fenix Rendered 2 – AFX by aphextwin". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
- "user18081971 | | Free Listening on SoundCloud". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- "Aphex Twinの新作はシンセサイザー? – Public Rhythm". Retrieved 5 June 2016.
- "Watch Aphex Twin's First Music Video in 17 Years". Rolling Stone.
- Cosores, Philip (2016-12-17). "Aphex Twin releases surprise 12-inch vinyl at Day For Night Festival". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
- NTS (4 June 2017). "Aphex Twin Live at Field Day 2017 (alt. audio)". YouTube.
- Ryan Wyer (5 June 2017). "Aphex Twin, Live @ Forbidden Fruit 2017". YouTube.
- "New Aphex Twin record on sale at Todd Osborn's Technical Equipment Supply shop in Michigan". Resident Advisor. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- "Aphex Twin Has Another Unexplained Countdown Clock Running on His Website". Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Richard D. James speaks to Tatsuya Takahashi". Warp.net. 2017-07-16. Retrieved 2017-07-21.
- "Imgur Post" (PNG). I.imgur.com. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
- "Mystery images at tube station hint at new Aphex Twin album". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
- "Dopo Londra, il logo di Aphex Twin appare anche in centro a Torino". Rumore. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
- "After sightings in London and Turin, the famous design has been spotted on an ivy-covered wall at Amoeba Records in Los Angeles". Resident Advisor. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- "Warp Records on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
- "Warp Records on Twitter: "..."". Twitter. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
- "Aphex Twin's TV premiere cancelled after failing epilepsy test". NME. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
- "Aphex Twin – T69 Collapse – YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
- Anderson, Don (1999). "Aphex Twin: Mad Musician or Investment Banker?". Space Age Bachelor. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
- Sweet, Matthew (17 March 2002). "Queen of the wired frontier". The Observer. London. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Perez, Arturo (16 March 2002). "Interview: Aphex Twin". Kludge Magazine. Archived from the original on 2009-05-01. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Rephlex – the Record Label". h2g2. 28 August 2002. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "The Braindance Coincidence". The Milk Factory. May 2001. Archived from the original on 13 March 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2008.
- "what is braindance?". rephlex.com. Archived from the original on 2001-03-02. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Cooper, Paul (4 October 2002). "Astrobotnia Parts 1, 2 & 3". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
- Brian R (18 June 2014). "The Intelligent Dance Music Mailing List – Hosted by Hyperreal.org". Hyperreal.org. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- "Interview by Jason Gross". Perfect Sound Forever. September 1997. Archived from the original on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Aphex Twin Interview By Heiko Hoffmann" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-22.
- "The Aphex Face". bastwood.com. Archived from the original on 17 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Richard D. James". Richard D. James on Discogs. Discogs. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- "Daft Punk: Voyage of Discovery". MTV Networks. Retrieved 2014-04-13.
- "Splitting Atoms". Dazed. February 2013.
- Reid, Graham (10 May 2010). "MIKE EDWARDS OF JESUS JONES INTERVIEWED (1993): Right here, right now . . . back then". Elsewhere. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
- Llewellyn, Kati; Solarski, Matthew (13 September 2006). "London Sinfonietta Tackles Aphex Twin, Squarepusher". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Lucy Jones (Oct 23, 2014). "Steve Reich Interview: On Radiohead, Aphex Twin And 'The Rite Of Spring'". NME.
- Robbins, Winston (11 September 2011). "Video: Jonny Greenwood, Aphex Twin perform alongside Krzysztof Penderecki". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 2011-09-12.
- "Re: Salad Fingers". Semantikon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "The 100 Best Albums of the 1990s – FACT Magazine: Music News, New Music". Factmag.com. 2012-09-03. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- Answer Code Request. "Influences". The Ransom Note. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
- "Kerrang! Sonisphere 2014 Podcast: Wes Borland – YouTube". Retrieved 2014-08-21 – via Youtube.
- Answer Code Request. "I stopped doing interviews because of The Guardian". The Guardian.
- "Aphex Twin: 10 strange myths and the truth behind them". Fact. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- James, Richard D. (1995). "Life as a Tank Boy". Details Magazine. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- "APHEX TWIN: "I'VE GOT SIX ALBUMS COMPLETED"". FACT. 28 October 2010. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
- Spex October 2014, p. 26: Aphex Twin: Ein Backup für Millionen (German interview)
- Penderecki Reloaded. ninateka.pl. 2011. Event occurs at 19:43. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
- Jones, Andy. "Aphex... At Last!". Future Music Magazine, July 2006. pp. 54–57.
- "Music Thing: Aphex Twin sleevenotes, scrawled on a vintage synth". Musicthing.blogspot.com. 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- Penderecki Reloaded. ninateka.pl. 2011. Event occurs at 19:41. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
- "Aphex Twin's Equipboard". equipboard.com. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
Aphex Twin wrote about Drukqs: "mostly written in Playerpro for the mac, my fave tracker, wish it would be brought back, had some amazing features and i helped code a bunch of top dsp fx for it"
- "pp". Vimeo.com. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
- Hägglund, Fredrik (June 2006). "Propellerhead – Artist Stories – Luke Vibert". Propellerhead Software. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
Introduced to Reason by Aphex Twin, legendary electronica producer Luke Vibert has released records since 1993 under plenty of aliases – Wagon Christ, Plug, Kerrier District, The Ace of Clubs, to name a few – on such labels as Rephlex Ninja Tune, Astralwerks and Warp.
- Dartmouth Symposium on the Future of Computer Music Software: A Panel Discussion, Computer Music Journal (2002) Vol. 26, No. 4, Pages 13–30 doi:10.1162/014892602320991347
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aphex Twin.|