Aphis nerii

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Aphis nerii
Aphid May 2010-5.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
Superfamily: Aphidoidea
Family: Aphididae
Genus: Aphis
Species: A. nerii
Binomial name
Aphis nerii
Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1841[1]
Synonyms

Aphis lutescens Monell, 1879

Aphis nerii is an aphid of the family Aphididae.[2] Its common names include oleander aphid, milkweed aphid,[3] sweet pepper aphid,[4] and nerium aphid.[5]

Distribution[edit]

The oleander aphid is widespread in regions with tropical and Mediterranean climates.[6][7] In Poland, oleander aphid has only been reported from a glasshouse.[8] Small populations of oleander aphid are present in gardens in London, England.[9]

Lifecycle[edit]

Female aphids lay live young (nymphs), a process known as viviparity.[6] Female aphids reproduce by Parthenogenesis, males have never been observed in the wild but have been produced under laboratory conditions.[10] Females may be wingless or winged (alate), the production of the alate form occurs a higher rate in those regions where it is necessary for oleander aphid to migrate each year on to temporary hosts.[11]

Oleander aphid has a wide range of hosts, but mainly feeds on plants in the dogbane family, including milkweeds, oleander and perwinkle.[9] It is occasionally recorded feeding on plants in the bindweed family, daisy family and spurge family as well as rarely being recorded on Citrus.[12]

Virus Vector[edit]

Oleander aphid can act as a vector of viruses in the genus Potyvirus and Cucumovirus. The following viruses are known to be vectored by oleander aphid:

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1841". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "ITIS standard report - Aphis nerii (Fonscolombe, 1841)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "IFAS - Featured Creatures - oleander aphid - Aphis nerii (Boyer de Fonscolombe)". Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. University of Florida. November 2001. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Datasheet - Aphis nerii". CAB International. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Aphis nerii (Boyer de Fonscolombe)". National Bureau of Argriculturally Important Insects. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  6. ^ a b McAuslane, HJ (2001). "oleander aphid". University of Florida. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  7. ^ "Aphis nerii (sweet pepper aphid)". CABI. 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  8. ^ Osiadacz, B; Roman, H (2012). "The Update of "Systematic Review of Aphids (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aphidomorpha) of Poland with Host Plant Index" (PDF). Wiad. entomol. 31: 230–241. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 
  9. ^ a b Tuffen, Melanie (2015). "Rapid Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) for: Aphis nerii". Defra. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 
  10. ^ Takada, H; Miyazaki, M (1992). "Occurence of Sexuales of Aphis nerii B. de F (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Japan". Applied Entomology and zoology. 27 (1): 117–124. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  11. ^ Groeters, Francis (1989). "Geographic and clonal variation in the milkweed-oleander aphid,Aphis nerii (Homoptera: Aphididae), for winged morph production, life history, and morphology in relation to host plant permanence". Evoluntionary Biology. 3 (4): 327–241. 
  12. ^ "Aphis nerii (Boyer de Fonscolombe)". The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  13. ^ Waipara, NW; Winks, CJ (2006). "Surveys for potential biocontrol agents for moth plant in New Zealand and Argentina". New Zealand Plant Protection. 59: 1–6. 
  14. ^ Skaf, IS; Makkouk, KM (1988). "Aphid transmission of Bean yellow mosaic and Bean leaf roll viruses in Syria". Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 27 (3): 133–137. 
  15. ^ Nagarajan, K; Ramakrishnan, K (1971). "Studies on cucurbit viruses in madras state - II. Vector-virus relationships of the bittergourd mosaic virus". Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Section B. 73: 84–95. 
  16. ^ Cambra, M (2000). "Detection of Citrus Tristeza Virusby Print Capture and Squash Capture PCR in Plant Tissues and Single Aphids". International Organization of Citrus Virologists Conference Proceedings (1957-2010). 14: 42–49. 
  17. ^ Hobbs, H (2000). "Solanaceous weeds as possible sources of Cucumber mosaic virus in Southern Illinois for aphid transmission to pepper". Plant Disease. 84: 1221–1224. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  18. ^ a b Abd El-Wahab, A. S (2009). "Aphid-Transmission Efficiency of Two Main Viruses on Garlic in Egypt, Onion Yellow Dwarf Virus (OYDV-G) and Leek Yellow Stripe Virus (LYSV-G)". Academic Journal of Entomology. 2 (1): 40–42. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  19. ^ Kumar, R; Mohan, J (1994). "Transmission of lentil mosaic virus". Legume Research. 17: 217–221. 
  20. ^ Abd El-Wahab, A (2012). "Transmission Efficiency of Lettuce Mosaic Virus (LMV) by Different Aphid Species and New Aphid Vectors in Egypt". Academic Journal of Entomology. 5: 158–163. 
  21. ^ Mora-Aguilera, G (1993). "Development of a prediction model for papaya ringspot in Veracruz, Mexico". Plant Disease. 77: 1205–1211. 
  22. ^ Cerkauskas, R (2005). "Tobacco Etch Virus" (PDF). AVRDC. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  23. ^ Srivastava, D. "Identification of a potyvirus associated with mosaic disease of Catharanthus roseus and its histopathogical effect". Medicinal Plants-International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries. 4: 23–27. 
  24. ^ Katis, N. "Transmission of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus by Colonizing and Non‐colonizing Aphids in Greece and New Aphid Species Vectors of the Virus". Journal of Phytopathology. 154: 293–302.