Apiaguaiki Tumpa

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Apiaguaiki Tumpa (ca. 1863 – 28/29 January 1892) was a Guarani cacique regarded by many Guaraní people as a national hero, known for his struggle to defend his peoples' land and liberty from the encroaching Bolivian government. He was killed at the age of 28 in the Kuruyuki Massacre by the Bolivian Army along with approximately one thousand of his followers. His death is commemorated annually by many Guarani, and a Guaraní language university in Kuruyuki, Bolivia is named after him.


  • BoliviaSol, Guarani honor memory of their leader Tumpa Apiaguaiki, 30.03.11