Apis mellifera adami

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Cretan honey bee
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Apidae
Genus: Apis
Species: A. mellifera
Subspecies: A. m. adami
Trinomial name
Apis mellifera adami
Ruttner, 1975

Apis mellifera adami (often misspelled "adamii") is a honey bee subspecies from the Mediterranean area, endemic to Crete.


A sub-species of Apis mellifera (the common honey-bee),[1] is the Cretan bee as classified by Ruttner 1975 and named by him after Brother Adam. The population on Crete has a similar genotype to Grecian populations, but Cretan bees are a more mixed population due to breeding and beekeeping practices (no pure populations on the island) (Harizanis & Odos).[2]


Western Cretan beehives are constructed of terracotta, wood and wicker. On the east of the island the hives are always ceramic. (Baumann 1993: 166).[3]

See also[edit]

bee domestication


  1. ^ biolib .cz website [Retrieved 2011-12-20]
  2. ^ P Harizanis, Iera Odos Genetic structure of the bee from Crete island (Greece) Apidologie (2003) 2012 Mendeley Ltd [Retrieved 2011-12-20]
  3. ^ L.Nixon sphakia.classics.ox.ac.uk (Oxford University website) The Sphakia survey [Retrieved 2011-12-20] cited also: Baumann, Hellmut 1993. Greek Wild Flowers, London: Herbert.

Friedrich Ruttner (1975). Die Kretische Biene, Apis mellifica adami [The Cretan bee]. Deutsche Allgemeine Imkerzeitung, 9 (10), pp. 271-272.

External links[edit]

  • A.Gönülşen THE MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY FEATURE EXTRACTION OF HONEYBEE FOREWINGS AND HINDLEGS USING IMAGE PROCESSING AND ACTIVE CONTOURS Middle East Technical University2004 [Retrieved 2011-12-20] thesis states that A.m.adamii populate Cyprus
  • G. W. Elderkin The Bee of Artemis The American Journal of Philology Vol. 60, No. 2 (1939), pp. 203-213 (article consists of 11 pages) Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press → JSTOR (part of ITHAKA)