Apis mellifera cypria

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Apis mellifera cypria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Apidae
Genus: Apis
Species: A. mellifera
Subspecies: A. m. cypria
Trinomial name
Apis mellifera cypria
Pollmann, 1879[1]

Apis mellifera cypria (Cyprus honey bee) is a sub-species of the European honey bee. Its primary habitat is the Mediterranean.

Behaviour[edit]

This bee tends not to swarm.[2]

In a 2008 study, the growth rate of colonies was observed to be lowest during the hottest month, while the most growth occurred during a month with temperature closer to the yearly average (or slightly above).[3][4]

Defense[edit]

Papachristoforou et al found that in the presence of the predatory oriental hornet (Vespa orientalis) the bees initially generate an acoustic response,[5] further reacting to eliminate the insect by asphyxiation.[6]

Taxonomy[edit]

A genetically separate group from the Greek bee sub-species,Macedonica and Cecropia,[7] is (mtD.N.A) related to A.m.Anatoliaca and meda. (Kandemir et al. 2005).[8]

Morphometric analysis shows that the sub-species belongs to the Oriental branch of the Apis genus.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kandemir, İ.; Meixner, Marina D.; Ozkan, Ayca; Sheppard, S.W. "Morphometric, allozymic, and mtDNA variation in honeybee (Apis mellifera cypria, Pollman 1879) populations in northern Cyprus" (PDF). Apimondia. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.527.4503Freely accessible. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  2. ^ "Honey bee sub-species". AmericasBeekeeper. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  3. ^ cyprusisland.com website [Retrieved 2011-12-21][unreliable source?]
  4. ^ Παπαχριστοφόρου, Α. (2008). Defensive behaviour of the Cyprian honeybee Apis mellifera cypria against the oriental hornet Vespa orientalis (Thesis). doi:10.12681/eadd/18918. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  5. ^ Papachristoforou, A.; Sueur, Jérôme; Rortais, A.; Angelopoulos, S.; Thrasyvoulou, A.; Arnold, G. (2008). "High frequency sounds produced by Cyprian honeybees Apis mellifera cypria when confronting their predator, the Oriental hornet Vespa orientalis". Apidologie. 39 (4): 468. doi:10.1051/apido:2008027. 
  6. ^ Papachristoforou, A.; Rortais, A.; Zafeiridou, G.; Theophilidis, G.; Garnery, L.; Thrasyvoulou, A.; Arnold, G. (2007). "Smothered to death: Hornets asphyxiated by honeybees". Current Biology. 17 (18): R795–6. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.07.033. PMID 17878045. 
  7. ^ Bouga, M.; Kilias, G.; Harizanis, P. C.; Papasotiropoulos, V.; Alahiotis, S. (2005). "Allozyme Variability and Phylogenetic Relationships in Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apis mellifera) Populations from Greece and Cyprus". Biochemical Genetics. 43 (9–10): 471–83. doi:10.1007/s10528-005-8163-2. PMID 16341763. 
  8. ^ Kandemir, I.; Meixner, M. D.; Ozkan, A.; Sheppard, W. S. (2006). "Genetic characterization of honey bee (Apis mellifera cypria) populations in northern Cyprus". Apidologie. 37 (5): 547. doi:10.1051/apido:2006029.