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Apium graveolens
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Apieae
Genus: Apium

See text.

Apium (including celery and the marshworts) is a genus of about 20 species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, with a subcosmopolitan distribution in Europe, Asia, Africa, South America and Australia. They are medium to tall biennials or perennials growing up to 1 m high in the wet soil of marshes and salt marshes, and have pinnate to bipinnate leaves and small white flowers in compound umbels. Some species are edible, notably Apium graveolens, which includes the commercially important vegetables celery, celeriac and Chinese celery. Apium bermejoi from the island of Menorca is one of the rarest plants in Europe, with fewer than 100 individuals left.[1]

The genus is the type genus of the family Apiaceae and the order Apiales.


As of January 2023, Plants of the World Online accepted the following species:[2]

Species formerly placed in this genus include:


Apium species, including garden celery, are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including angle shades, common swift, Hypercompe icasia, the nutmeg, setaceous Hebrew character and turnip moth.

Lesser marshwort, Apium inundatum


  1. ^ IUCN Red List: Apium bermejo.
  2. ^ "Apium L." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2023-01-02.
  3. ^ "Apium graveolens". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.

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