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Aphyosemion elberti red T.jpg
Aphyosemion elberti
Austrolebias quirogai.jpg
Austrolebias quirogai
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cyprinodontiformes
Suborder: Aplocheiloidei
Family: Aplocheilidae
Bleeker, 1859

Cynolebiidae Hoedeman, 1961 [1]
Nothobranchiidae Garman, 1895 [1]
Rivulidae Myers, 1925 [1]

Aplocheilidae is a family of fish in the order Cyprinodontiformes found in Africa, Asia and South America. This family-group name is well-established, making its use as a single aplocheiloid family more stable along time, besides avoiding the impact of a new name at the family rank for a popular aquarium fish group.[2] Following this proposal, Aplocheilidae includes three subfamilies: Aplocheilinae Bleeker, 1859; Cynolebiinae Hoedeman, 1961 (= Rivulidae Myers, 1925) and Nothobranchiinae Garman, 1895.[1]

Phylogenetic relationships among 13 taxa of the Cynopoecilini and four out-group taxa


There are currently 54 recognized genera in this family: