Apodaca v. Oregon
|Apodaca v. Oregon|
|Argued March 1, 1971
Reargued January 10, 1972
Decided May 22, 1972
|Full case name||Robert Apodaca et al. v. State of Oregon|
|Citations||406 U.S. 404 (more)
92 S. Ct. 1628, 32 L. Ed. 2d 184
|Prior history||Certiorari to the Court of Appeals of Oregon|
|There is no constitutional right to a unanimous jury verdict in non-federal criminal cases. Thus Oregon's law did not violate due process. (plurality opinion)|
|Majority||White, joined by Burger, Blackmun, Rehnquist|
|Dissent||Douglas, joined by Brennan, Marshall|
|Dissent||Brennan, joined by Marshall|
|Dissent||Stewart, joined by Brennan, Marshall|
|Dissent||Marshall, joined by Brennan|
Apodaca v. Oregon, 406 U.S. 404 (1972), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that state juries may convict a defendant by less than unanimity even though federal law required that federal juries must reach criminal verdicts unanimously. The four-justice plurality opinion of the court, written by Justice White, affirmed the judgment of the Oregon Court of Appeals, and held that there was no constitutional right to a unanimous verdict. Thus Oregon's law did not violate due process.
Justice Powell, in his concurring opinion, argued that there was such a constitutional right in the Sixth Amendment, but that the Fourteenth Amendment's Due Process Clause does not incorporate that right as applied to the states.
This case is part of a line of cases interpreting if and how the Sixth Amendment is applied against the states through the Fourteenth Amendment for the purposes of incorporation doctrine, although the division of opinions prevented a clear-cut answer to that question in this case.
- Jacobsohn, Gary J. (1977). "The Unanimous Verdict Politics and the Jury Trial". Washington University Law Quarterly. 1977 (1): 39–57.
- Saks, Michael J. (1977). Jury Verdicts: The Role of Group Size and Social Decision Rule. Lexington: Lexington Books. ISBN 0669011002. NCJ 42103.
- Text of Apodaca v. Oregon, 406 U.S. 404 (1972) is available from: [permanent dead link] Findlaw Justia
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