Apollinaris Mons

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Apollinaris Mons
MOLA apollinaris patera.jpg
Topography map of Apollinaris Mons
Coordinates 9°18′S 174°24′E / 9.3°S 174.4°E / -9.3; 174.4[1]Coordinates: 9°18′S 174°24′E / 9.3°S 174.4°E / -9.3; 174.4[1]
Peak 5 km

Apollinaris Mons[1] is an ancient shield volcano in the southern hemisphere of Mars. It is situated near the equator, south of Elysium Planitia and north of Gusev crater. Elysium Planitia separates it from the volcanic province of Elysium to its northwest. The volcano's caldera is named Apollinaris Patera;[2] this name formerly applied to the whole edifice.

Apollinaris Mons is about 5 kilometres high with a base about 296 kilometres in diameter.[3] On the top of this volcano is a caldera about 80 km (50 miles) in diameter. The volcano is approximately 3 billion[4] to 3.5 billion years old.[5]

It was named in 1973 after a mountain spring near Rome in Italy.

A study using a global climate model found that the Medusae Fossae Formation could have been formed from ash from Apollinaris Mons, Arsia Mons, and possibly Pavonis Mons.[6]


Interactive Mars map[edit]

Acidalia Planitia Acidalia Planitia Alba Mons Amazonis Planitia Aonia Terra Arabia Terra Arcadia Planitia Arcadia Planitia Argyre Planitia Elysium Mons Elysium Planitia Hellas Planitia Hesperia Planum Isidis Planitia Lucas Planum Lyot (crater) Noachis Terra Olympus Mons Promethei Terra Rudaux (crater) Solis Planum Tempe Terra Terra Cimmeria Terra Sabaea Terra Sirenum Tharsis Montes Utopia Planitia Valles Marineris Vastitas Borealis Vastitas BorealisMap of Mars
Interactive imagemap of the global topography of Mars. Hover your mouse to see the names of over 25 prominent geographic features, and click to link to them. Coloring of the base map indicates relative elevations, based on data from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor. Reds and pinks are higher elevation (+3 km to +8 km); yellow is 0 km; greens and blues are lower elevation (down to −8 km). Whites (>+12 km) and browns (>+8 km) are the highest elevations. Axes are latitude and longitude; Poles are not shown.
(See also: Mars Rovers map) (viewdiscuss)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Apollinaris Mons". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Science Center. Retrieved 2012-06-30.  External link in |work= (help)
  2. ^ "Apollinaris Patera". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Science Center. Retrieved 2012-06-30.  External link in |work= (help)
  3. ^ Google Mars
  4. ^ APOD: May 13, 1999 - Mars Volcano Apollinaris Patera
  5. ^ 23. Apollinaris Patera Elysium Planitia, Mars
  6. ^ Kerber L., et al. 2012. The disporsal of pyroclasts from ancient explosive volcanoes on Mars: Implications for the friable layered deposits. Icarus. 219:358-381.