Apollonia (Lycia)

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Apollonia
Ἀπολλωνία
Anatolia Asia Minor
Anatolia Asia Minor
Shown within Turkey
LocationKiliçli, Antalya Province, Turkey
RegionLycia
Coordinates36°11′12″N 29°45′50″E / 36.18667°N 29.76389°E / 36.18667; 29.76389Coordinates: 36°11′12″N 29°45′50″E / 36.18667°N 29.76389°E / 36.18667; 29.76389
TypeSettlement
Part ofMysian

Apollonia (Ancient Greek: Ἀπολλωνία) Or Apolloniada Anatolia Asia Minor was a city in ancient Lycia. Its ruins are located near Kiliçli (Sıçak), a small village in the Kaş district of Antalya Province,Turkey.

History[edit]

Lycian pillar tombs at Apollonia

The city isn't mentioned by any ancient author. The pillar tombs in the necropolis to the north of the city attest to a Lycian origin of the settlement and date to about 500 BC.[1]

In Roman times the city was part of a local federation, a sympoliteia, with Simena, Isinda and Aperlae. Aperlae was the leader of the sympolity, which was represented in the Lycian League with one vote.[2]

The ruins of a Byzantine church possibly date to the 6th or 7th century AD, so the city was still occupied at that time.[3]

Layout[edit]

The city is located on a hill and has a walled acropolis at its highest elevation. In the east the acropolis seems to be double because a much older stockade is located inside the Byzantine walls.[3] Two churches, a theater, baths with cisterns and a heroon are found on the western and northwestern side of the acropolis. Houses were built on the southwestern side.[1] Six pillar tombs and one larger monument are found around the acropolis.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marksteiner, Thomas (2010). Lykien: Ein archäologischer Führer (in German). Phoibos Verlag. pp. 123–126. ISBN 978-3-85161-029-1.
  2. ^ a b Keen, Anthony G. (1998). Dynastic Lycia: A Political History of the Lycians & Their Relations with Foreign Powers, c. 545-362 BC. Leiden: Brill. pp. 54–55. ISBN 9789004109568.
  3. ^ a b Dubin, Marc S.; Gawthrop, John; Richardson, Terry, eds. (2003). The Rough Guide to Turkey. New York City, New York: Rough Guides. p. 509. ISBN 9781843530718.

External links[edit]