Apostolic Administration of Estonia

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Apostolic Administration of Estonia

Apostolica Administratio Estoniensis

Eesti Apostellik Administratuur
Reval-8425.jpg
Cathedral of Tallinn
Location
Country Estonia
MetropolitanImmediately subject to the Holy See
Statistics
Area45,213 km2 (17,457 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2015)
1,300,000
6,500 (0.5%)
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established1 November 1924
CathedralSt. Peter and St. Paul's Cathedral, Tallinn
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
Apostolic AdministratorPhilippe Jean-Charles Jourdan

The Apostolic Administration of Estonia is a Latin, territorial Catholic circonscription that covers all of the Baltic state of Estonia.

It is an apostolic administration (quasi-diocesan jurisdiction) of the Latin Roman Catholic church in Estonia, hence is exempt (i.e. directly subject to the Holy See, not part of any ecclesiastical province) and has its cathedral episcopal see, Peeter-Pauli katedraalis (Saints Peter and Paul), in the national capital Tallinn.

The post of apostolic administrator has often been held by titular archbishops, combining it with papal diplomatic posts in the three Baltic republics (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania).

History[edit]

In 1918, when Estonia gained independence, its citizens had complete freedom of religion. The Holy See recognized Estonia on 10 October 1921. The Apostolic Administration of Estonia was established on November 1, 1924,[1] on territory split off from the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Riga (in Baltic neighbor state Latvia).

The see remained vacant during most of the period the country was demoted to constituent Soviet Republic of Estonia within the Communist USSR after the death of Bishop Eduard Profittlich in 1942 because of the suppression of the church by Soviet authorities.

Since 1992, after Estonia's post-communist independence, apostolic administrators are once again appointed. It enjoyed a papal visit in September 1993 from Pope John Paul II.

Ordinaries[edit]

Apostolic Administrators of Estonia
  • Antonino Zecchini, Jesuits (S.J.), Titular Archbishop of Myra (1924.11.01 – 1931.05.11), Apostolic Delegate to Lithuania (1922.10.25 – 1927), Apostolic Internuncio to Latvia (1926.04.14 – 1935.03.07), Apostolic Delegate to Estonia (1927 – 1932)
  • Eduard Profittlich, S.J. (1931.05.11 – 1942.02.22)
  • vacancy in Soviet era
  • Justo Mullor García (1992.04.15 – 1997.04.02), Titular Archbishop of Emerita Augusta (1979.03.21 – 1994.07.28), Titular Archbishop of Bolsena (1994.07.28 – ...), Apostolic Nuncio to Estonia (1991.11.30 – 1997.04.02), to Latvia (1991.11.30 – 1997.04.02) and to Lithuania (1991.11.30 – 1997.04.02)
  • Erwin Josef Ender (1997.08.09 – 2001.05.19), Titular Archbishop of Germania in Numidia (1990.03.15 – ...), Apostolic Nuncio to Estonia (1997.07.09 – 2001.05.19), to Latvia (1997.07.09 – 2001.05.19) and to Lithuania (1997.07.09 – 2001.05.19)
  • Peter Stephan Zurbriggen (2001.11.15 – 2005.03.23), Titular Archbishop of Glastonbury (1993.11.13 – ...), Apostolic Nuncio to Estonia (2001.10.25 – 2009.01.14), to Latvia (2001.10.25 – 2009.01.14) and to Lithuania (2001.10.25 – 2009.01.14)
  • Philippe Jean-Charles Jourdan (2005.04.01 – ...), Titular Bishop of Pertusa (2005.04.01 – ...)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Apostolic Administration of Estonia", Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved on 18 May 2014

Coordinates: 59°26′17″N 24°44′56″E / 59.4381°N 24.7489°E / 59.4381; 24.7489

Source and external links[edit]