Apostolic Administrator

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An apostolic administrator in the Roman Catholic Church is a prelate appointed by the Pope to serve as the ordinary for an apostolic administration. An apostolic administration can either be an area that is not yet a diocese (a stable apostolic administration) or for a diocese that either has no bishop (an apostolic administrator sede vacante, as after an episcopal death) or, in very rare cases, has an incapacitated bishop (apostolic administrator sede plena).

Characteristics[edit]

Apostolic administrators of stable administrations are equivalent in canon law with diocesan bishops, meaning they have essentially the same authority as a diocesan bishop. This type of apostolic administrator is usually the bishop of a titular see.

Administrators sede vacante or sede plena only serve in their role until a newly chosen diocesan bishop takes possession of the diocese. They are restricted by canon law in what they can do to the diocese they temporarily administer. For example, such an administrator may not sell real estate owned by the diocese. This type of administrator is commonly an auxiliary bishop of the diocese, a priest serving as the vicar general of the diocese, or the ordinary of a neighboring diocese.

Normally when a diocese falls vacant, a vicar capitular/diocesan administrator is chosen locally, but the Pope, having full governmental power, can preempt this choice and name an apostolic administrator instead. Sometimes a retiring bishop is designated to be apostolic administrator until his successor takes office.

Apostolic administrations[edit]

In May 2015, there were the following stable apostolic administrations, most administered by a (titular or extrenal) bishop.[1]

Most are of the Roman rite; most are in current or former communist countries.

The only exception, belonging to a Uniate, Eastern Catholic rite, is the following :

Kinma[edit]

Diocese of Pyongyang[edit]

The Diocese of Pyongyang, North Korea: its last official bishop, Francis Hong Yong-ho, was imprisoned by the communist regime of Kim Il-sung in 1949 and later disappeared. The Archbishop of Seoul (South Korea) acts as the Apostolic Administrator in Pyongyang, as religion is suppressed in North Korea.

It has become not unusual that the Pope appoints an Apostolic Administrator to a diocese which is sede vacante, thus replacing the diocesan administrator. Usually, the emeritus bishop will be appointed in such a case. Presently (and in exception to the latter), the archdiocese St. Andrews and Edinburgh has Philip Tartaglia under this procedure.

Personal Apostolic Administration of Saint John Mary Vianney[edit]

In addition, the Personal Apostolic Administration of Saint John Mary Vianney is a non-territorial jurisdiction, similar to a personal prelature, which is exempt, i.e. immediately subject to the Holy See, not part of any ecclesiastical province. It is a separate particular church for traditionalist Catholics within the Brazilian Diocese of Campos, a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Niterói.

The personal apostolic administration was formed by Pope John Paul II to administer to a group of traditionalist Catholic priests, using the Tridentine Mass, who reconciled with Rome on January 18, 2002. The group had been formed by bishop Antônio de Castro Mayer and had been associated with the Society of St. Pius X of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre.[4][5][6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Apostolic Administrations GCatholic.org. Accessed 2014-07-11.
  2. ^ http://press.vatican.va/content/salastampa/en/bollettino/pubblico/2015/05/16/0373/00816.html
  3. ^ http://www.microsofttranslator.com/BV.aspx?ref=IE8Activity&a=http%3A%2F%2Fpress.vatican.va%2Fcontent%2Fsalastampa%2Fen%2Fbollettino%2Fpubblico%2F2015%2F05%2F16%2F0373%2F00816.html
  4. ^ Personal Apostolic Administrations GGatholic.com. Accessed 2008-04-10.
  5. ^ Traditionalist schism in Brazil ends (January 18, 2002). Zenit News Agency. Accessed 2008-04-10.
  6. ^ Apostolic Administration of São João Maria Vianney Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Accessed 2008-04-10.

External links[edit]