|Other names||Apa Sherpa
Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa
|Known for||21 ascents of Mount Everest|
Apa (born Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa; 20 January 1960), nicknamed "Super Sherpa", is a Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer who, jointly with Phurba Tashi, holds the record for reaching the summit of Mount Everest more times than any other person. As part of The Eco Everest Expedition 2011, Apa made his 21st Mount Everest summit in May 2011.
Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa was born in Thame, a village in the Everest region of Nepal, near the Chinese border. Following his father's death when he was 12 years old, Apa had to take up the responsibilities of his family, consisting of his mother, two sisters and three young brothers. He dropped out of school and earned money working as a porter for mountaineering groups. His climbing career began in 1985, and he worked as a kitchen boy and porter for various groups but was not given the opportunity to reach the summit until 1990.
Apa married Yangjin, then also a resident of Thame, in 1988 and has two sons—Tenjing and Pemba—and a daughter Dawa. The family moved to the United States with the help of his friend Jerry Mika for business opportunities and to provide better education for their children. They live in Draper, Utah.
In April 2009, Apa founded the Apa Sherpa Foundation, dedicated to the improvement of education and economic development in Nepal. When not on expeditions, Apa works for Diamond Mold, a precision machining and injection molding company in Salt Lake City, Utah that has also supported his foundation.
Apa first reached the summit of Mount Everest on his fourth attempt, on May 10, 1990, with a New Zealand team led by climber Rob Hall along with Peter Hillary, son of Edmund Hillary. He then began his career as Sirdar, or chief Sherpa, for many high altitude expeditions. He has reached the summit every year between 1990 and 2011, bar 1996 and 2001; all but three times have been in May, and in 1992 he reached the summit twice.
Ascents of Mount Everest
Apa has climbed Mount Everest a total of 21 times, which stands as the current record. Aside from these 21 ascents, however, Apa has also participated in unsuccessful attempts.
|1||May 10, 1990||International|
|2||May 8, 1991||Sherpa Support/American Lhotse|
|3||May 12, 1992||New Zealand|
|4||October 7, 1992||Everest International|
|5||May 10, 1993||American|
|6||October 10, 1994||Everest International|
|7||May 15, 1995||American On Sagarmatha|
|8||April 26, 1997||Indonesian|
|9||May 20, 1998||EEE|
|10||May 26, 1999||Asian-Trekking|
|11||May 24, 2000||Everest Environmental Expedition|
|12||May 16, 2002||Swiss Everest 50th Anniversary Expedition 1952–2002|
|13||May 26, 2003||American Commemorative Expedition|
|14||May 17, 2004||Dream Everest Expedition 2004|
|15||May 31, 2005||Climbing for a cure|
|16||May 19, 2006||Team No Limit|
|17||May 16, 2007||Super Sherpas|
|18||May 22, 2008||The Eco Everest Expedition|
|19||May 21, 2009||The Eco Everest Expedition|
|20||May 22, 2010||The Eco Everest Expedition|
|21||May 11, 2011||The Eco Everest Expedition|
May 2009 ascent
Apa broke his own record by reaching the summit of Everest for the nineteenth time on May 21, 2009. He was a member of The Eco Everest Expedition, led by Bill Burke, whose purpose was to raise awareness about climate change. The team spent half an hour at the top of the mountain, unfurling a banner that said "Stop Climate Change". The team brought down five tonnes of mountain trash that includes parts of a crashed helicopter, tin cans and climbing material. On this expedition, a friend and fellow Sherpa, Lhakpa Nuru, was swept away in an avalanche on May 7, 2009, and died.
May 2011 ascent
Apa again broke his own record by reaching the summit of Everest for the twenty-first time on May 11, 2011.
Great Himalayan Trail
On April 2012, he successfully led the first expedition to complete the Great Himalaya Trail, a 1,700-kilometre (1,050-mile) trek spanning the entire length of the Nepalese Himalayas. The Great Himalaya Trail is considered to be one of the world's most difficult treks. Sherpa and three companions set off in January on the Climate Smart Celebrity Trek, an expedition promoting tourism and highlighting the effects of climate change. The adventurers set out from the shadow of the world's third-highest peak, Mount Kanchenjunga, in the east and finished at Nepal's border with Tibet in the west, 20 days ahead of schedule. Along the way they traversed some of the world's most rugged landscapes, ascending beyond 6,000 metres (19,600 feet). Dawa Steven Sherpa, a member of the expedition who has climbed Everest twice, said the group found mountain communities that rely on subsistence farming were suffering the effects of climate change.
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- "World Record: Apa Sherpa's Everest summit no 21".
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-  Archived November 12, 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- [dead link]
- Howe, Steve. "The Porters' Progress". Backpacker. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Another man conquers highest peak". Aiken Standard. 10 May 1990.
- "WWF - Climate Witness: Apa Sherpa, Nepal". Wwf.panda.org. 2009-10-15. doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9555-9. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Climate change making Everest more dangerous: Sherpa". Physorg.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Utahn Apa Sherpa tops Everest for the 19th time". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- "Sherpa swept away in Mount Everest avalanche". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- "Appa summits Everest for 19th time". Republica. Archived from the original on 23 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- "Nepal's 'Super Sherpa' crosses the Himalayas". AFP. Retrieved 25 April 2012.