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Appalachian State University

Coordinates: 36°12′50″N 81°40′43″W / 36.213843°N 81.678621°W / 36.213843; -81.678621
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Appalachian State University
Former name
Watauga Academy (1899–1903)
Appalachian Training School for Teachers (1903–1925)
Appalachian State Normal School (1925–1929)
Appalachian State Teachers College (1929–1967)
MottoEsse quam videri (Latin)[1]
Motto in English
"To Be, Rather Than To Seem"
TypePublic university
Established1899; 125 years ago (1899)
Parent institution
University of North Carolina
Academic affiliation
Endowment$150 million (2022)[2]
ChancellorHeather Hulburt Norris (interim)
Students21,253 (2023)[3]
Location, ,
United States
CampusDistant town, 1,300 acres (5.3 km2)[4]
NewspaperThe Appalachian
ColorsBlack and gold[5]
Sporting affiliations

Appalachian State University (/ˌæpəˈlæən/;[a] Appalachian, App State, or App) is a public university in Boone, North Carolina. It was founded as a teachers college in 1899 by brothers B. B. and D. D. Dougherty and the latter's wife, Lillie Shull Dougherty. The university expanded to include other programs in 1967 and joined the University of North Carolina System in 1971.[6]

The university enrolls more than 20,600 students.[7] It offers more than 150 bachelor's degrees and 70 graduate degree programs, including two doctoral programs.[8][9] The university has eight colleges: the College of Arts and Sciences, the Walker College of Business, the Reich College of Education, the College of Fine and Applied Arts, the Beaver College of Health Sciences, the Honors College, the Hayes School of Music, and University College. It opened an additional campus in Hickory in 2023.[10]

The Athletic Teams compete in the Sun Belt Conference, except for a few sports that compete in the Southern Conference, such as wrestling. The teams are known as the Mountaineers.


Appalachian State Teachers College Seal

Appalachian State University began in 1899 when a group of residents in Watauga County, under the leadership of Blanford B. Dougherty and his brother Dauphin D. Dougherty, began a movement to educate teachers in northwestern North Carolina.[11] Land was donated by Daniel B. Dougherty, father of the leaders in the enterprise, and J. F. Hardin. On this site a wood-frame building, costing $1,000, was erected by contributions from citizens of the town and county.[12] In the fall of 1899, the Dougherty brothers, acting as co-principals, began the school, which was then called Watauga Academy. The first year saw 53 students enrolled in three grades.[11] D. D. Dougherty's wife, Lillie Shull Dougherty, taught classes and contributed to administrative decisions.

In 1903, after interest in the school had spread to adjoining counties, D. D. Dougherty was convinced the state would fund institutions established to train teachers. He traveled to Raleigh after drafting a bill.[11] W. C. Newland of Caldwell County introduced the bill in the North Carolina Legislature to make this a state school, with an appropriation for maintenance and for building. E. F. Lovill of Watauga County, R. B. White of Franklin County, Clyde Hoey of Cleveland County, and E. J. Justice of McDowell County spoke in favor of the measure. On March 9, 1903, the bill became law, and the Appalachian Training School for Teachers was established. The school opened on October 5, 1903, with $2,000 from the state and 325 students.[11]

For 22 years, there was a period of steady growth, academic development, and service to the state. In 1925, the legislature changed the name to the Appalachian State Normal School and appropriated additional funding for maintenance and permanent improvement. In 1929, the school became a four-year degree granting institution and was renamed Appalachian State Teachers College. Over 1,300 students were enrolled in degree programs offered for primary grades education, physical education, math, English, science, and history.[11]

Appalachian attained national standards by becoming accredited by the American Association for Teacher Education in 1939, and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools in 1942.[11] In 1948 a graduate school was formed. Dr. Dougherty retired in 1955 after 56 years of serving the school. J. D. Rankin became interim president until William H. Plemmons was installed. Plemmons led from 1955 to 1969, and his administration oversaw the addition of new buildings as the campus expanded and enrollment grew to nearly 5,000 students.[11]

Appalachian was transformed from a single-purpose teachers' college into a multipurpose regional university and Appalachian State Teacher's College became Appalachian State University in 1967. Growth continued in the 1970s to around 9,500 students and 550 faculty. Afterward, four degree-granting undergraduate colleges were created: Arts and Sciences, Business, Fine and Applied Arts, and Education. Herbert Wey succeeded Plemmons as president in 1969 and was named chancellor in 1971.[11] In 1972, Appalachian State became part of the University of North Carolina system.


The campus seen from the summit of Howard's Knob

Located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of northwestern North Carolina, Appalachian State University has one of the highest elevations of any U.S. university east of the Mississippi River, at 3,333 feet (1,016 m). Its main campus is in downtown Boone, a town of 19,092[13] compared to an ASU enrollment of 21,253 students.[14] The campus encompasses 1,300 acres (5.3 km2), including a main campus of 410 acres (1.7 km2) with 20 residence halls, 3 main dining facilities, 30 academic buildings, and 11 recreation/athletic facilities.

The center of campus is nicknamed Sanford Mall, an open grassy quad between the student union, dining halls, and library. Sanford Hall, on the mall's edge, is named for Terry Sanford, a former governor of the state. Rivers Street, a thoroughfare for town and university traffic, essentially divides the campus into east and west sections with tunnels and a pedestrian bridge connecting the two halves. The eastern half includes Sanford Mall, Plemmons Student Union, Roess Dining Hall (formerly Central Dining Hall), and Carol Grotnes Belk Library and Information Commons, along with two communities of residence halls. The west side has Trivette Dining Hall, the Student Recreation Center (or SRC), the Quinn Recreation Center, Kidd Brewer Stadium, and Stadium Heights and Yosef Hollow, the two remaining residence hall communities. At the north end, Bodenheimer Drive crosses over Rivers Street and leads to Appalachian Heights (an apartment-style residence hall), Mountaineer Hall, the Chancellor's House, the Living Learning Center, and Jim and Bettie Smith Stadium. The George M. Holmes Convocation Center at Rivers Street's south end is the gateway and entrance to campus.

Turchin Center for the Visual Arts[edit]

The Turchin Center for the Visual Arts on the edge of main campus is the university's visual art center. It is the largest visual arts center in northwestern North Carolina, eastern Tennessee, and southwestern Virginia.[15] It displays rotating exhibits indoors and outdoors, some culturally specific to the Appalachians, and offers community outreach programs through art courses. It opened in 2003. The newly renovated Schaefer Center for the Performing Arts, a 1,635-seat performance venue,[16] hosts artists from around the world.

Appalachian State University Preserve[edit]

The Appalachian State University Nature Preserve consists of 67 acres of protected woodlands near the heart of campus. The land was dedicated as a State Natural Area in 1999 through the North Carolina Nature Preserves Act, and serves as an outdoor classroom for students and faculty. The preserve's primary purpose is to enable conservation, education, and recreation for students, staff, and faculty.[17]


The University of North Carolina's Board of Governors plans and develops the coordinated system of higher education in the state. It sets university policy but delegate Appalachian State's daily operations to a chancellor.[18] The chancellor likewise delegates some duties to the provost, several vice-chancellors, and other administrative offices. These administrative offices are advised by several university committees on the needs of campus constituents, as represented by a Faculty Senate, Staff Senate, Graduate Student Association Senate, and the Student Government Association.


  • B. B. Dougherty (1899–1955)
  • J. D. Rankin (1955, Interim)
  • William H. Plemmons (1955–1969)
  • Herbert Wey (1969–1971)


  • Herbert Wey (1971–1979)
  • Cratis Williams (1975, Acting)[19]
  • John E. Thomas (1979–1993)
  • Francis T. Borkowski (1993–2003)
  • Provost Harvey Durham (2003–2004, Interim)[20]
  • Kenneth E. Peacock (2004–2014)
  • Sheri Everts (2014–2024)[21]
  • Heather Hulburt Norris (2024-present, Interim)[22]


Rankings and recognition[edit]

Academic rankings
U.S. News & World Report[23]3
WSJ/College Pulse[25]601–800


Belk Library rotunda

In 2005, the Carol Grotnes Belk Library & Information Commons opened in a new 165,000-square-foot (15,300 m2) five-story building. Belk Library holds over 1.871 million bound books and periodicals, 1.5 million microforms, 24,000 sound recordings, and 14,000 videos.[26] The library's collections include the W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection and the Stock Car Racing Collection which includes a donation from the family of Richard Petty.[27] With the opening of the new library building in 2005, Bill and Maureen Rhinehart of Long Island, New York, donated a large collection of rare books in English history, spanning from the 16th to the 19th centuries. The university created a special collections room for this donation which includes some 900 volumes comprising nearly 450 titles.


Appalachian State offers 176 undergraduate and 42 graduate majors.[28] The average GPA for incoming freshmen in 2017 was 4.20.[29] Courses at Appalachian are organized into eight colleges and one graduate school:[30]

  • College of Arts and Sciences
  • College of Fine and Applied Arts
  • Beaver College of Health Sciences
  • Hayes School of Music
  • The Honors College
  • Reich College of Education
  • University College
  • Walker College of Business
  • Cratis D. Williams School of Graduate Studies

Watauga Residential College[edit]

Watauga Residential College (formerly Watauga Global Community) is a residential college founded in 1972. Watauga College was founded to be an "interdisciplinary, experimental, residential, coed alternative for social science and humanities general education requirements."[31] Watauga Residential College was developed as "response to rising criticism of American education during the sixties and to the artificial fragmentation of knowledge in the academy; it was seen as a return to the world, where problems and themes do not recognize disciplinary boundaries and education is reconnected with individual learners."[31]

Although it has changed names over the years, Watauga College in 1972, Watauga Global Community in 2008, and Watauga Residential College in 2014, its mission has remained relatively the same. "Watauga Residential College pursues its mission through a sequenced, interdisciplinary, experiential curriculum that requires students to integrate class content, community-based research, and multicultural immersion. This innovative curriculum, in conjunction with the academic and residential community, creates an atmosphere for the emergence of dynamic learning experiences through unique interactions among students and faculty."[32] A key focus of Watauga is on the residential community, so for the first year students are required to live in the living learning center.

Watauga College was first based in Watauga Hall, then for decades was based in East Hall, a large U-shaped dormitory on the east end of campus. The dorm was known campus-wide as having the largest rooms of any dorm on campus, yet it was one of the oldest dorms on campus. Upon the completion of the Living Learning Center in 2003, Watauga College relocated and East Hall will either be renovated or destroyed because of the high cost of renovating such an old building.

Off-campus centers[edit]

Appalachian State University offers off-campus courses through three off-campus centers and online. These centers are:

Off-campus programs offer students the ability to maintain family and careers while working toward a degree. Full-time undergraduate programs are available in Elementary Education, Advertising, Criminal Justice, Management, Social Work and Psychology. Appalachian provides a variety of off-campus, part-time undergraduate and graduate programs.


Members of the ASU Department of Physics and Astronomy serve as editors for the journal The Physics Teacher.

The university publishes or holds copyrights to several other periodicals, including:

  • IMPULSE: The Premier Undergraduate Neuroscience Journal, Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences
  • Appalachian Business Review, Bureau of Business and Economic Research, Walker College of Business
  • Appalachian Journal, Center for Appalachian Studies, College of Arts and Sciences
  • Appalachian Today, University magazine
  • Cold Mountain Review, Department of English
  • History Matters: An Undergraduate Journal of Historical Research, student-run journal
  • The International Comet Quarterly, Department of Physics and Astronomy (ceded to the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in 1990)
  • Journal of Developmental Education, Center for Developmental Education, Reich College of Education
  • Journal of Health Care Marketing, Center for Management Development, Walker College of Business
  • The Appalachian, student newspaper
  • The Peel Literature & Arts Review, yearly student arts publication

Centers and institutes[edit]

The university houses several academic centers and institutes related to its mission. These include:

  • Adult Basic Skills Professional Development Project
  • Appalachian Energy Center – Includes the following:
    • Collaborative Biodiesel Project
    • Renewable Energy Initiative
    • Small Wind R&D Site
  • Blue Cross NC Institute for Health and Human Services
  • Center for Appalachian Studies – Includes the Appalachian Collection held by Belk Library, the Appalachian Cultural Museum, and publishing editor of the Appalachian Journal
  • Center for Entrepreneurship
  • Center for Judaic, Holocaust, & Peace Studies
  • Center for Management Development
  • Goodnight Family Sustainable Development Program
  • Math and Science Education Center
  • National Center for Developmental Education and the Kellogg Institute
  • The Human Performance Lab at the North Carolina Research Campus
  • Henderson Springs LGBTQ+ Center - located in Plemmons Student Union on the first floor.
  • Women's Center - located in Plemmons Student Union on the first floor.
  • Multicultural Center - located in Plemmons Student Union.

Student life[edit]

Student body composition as of May 2, 2022
Race and ethnicity[34] Total
White 81% 81
Hispanic 8% 8
Other[b] 5% 5
Black 4% 4
Asian 2% 2
Foreign national 1% 1
Economic diversity
Low-income[c] 28% 28
Affluent[d] 72% 72

Students at ASU enjoy a variety of outdoor activities. The mountains offer snowboarding, skiing, tubing, rock climbing, hiking, rafting, camping, and fishing on and around the Blue Ridge Parkway. ASU also has over 400 clubs and organizations run by the McCaskey Center for Student Involvement and Leadership, such as Greek organizations, academic and diversity clubs, and sports clubs.[35] Before the start of every semester, the university hosts a Club Expo featuring all the campus clubs and organizations. This event is for students to find an organization or club that suits them and get involved. The university also has volunteer centers, including the Multicultural Center, the LGBT Center, and the Women's Center (the only completely volunteer-run Women's Center in North Carolina).[36] All three are under the supervision of the Multicultural Student Development Office.[37] In 2016, ASU opened a fourth center in the student union; the Student Veterans Resource Center. The campus also has three indoor fitness facilities, an athletics field, and an outdoor recreation center.

The Appalachian Popular Programming Society (A.P.P.S.) is a university-funded organization that exists to plan and provide diverse educational, enriching, and entertaining events for ASU's student body and community. Through its seven programming councils, A.P.P.S. members select, plan, promote, and present a diverse variety of popular entertainment programs and films that enhance ASU students' social and cultural life.[38] A.P.P.S. was founded in 1985 to help with the student nightlife and to support retention. It plays a vital role in fostering and developing an inclusive ASU community.[39] The seven councils of A.P.P.S. are Heritage, Club Shows, Main Stage, Representation and Intentional Student Engagement (RISE), Films, Special Events, and Spirit & Traditions. Students can enjoy concerts and other miscellaneous events at Legends, an entertainment facility on campus. ASU also offers an in-house movie theater at Plemmons Student Union, Greenbriar Theater, where students can watch movies.[40]


Appalachian has invested in several sustainability projects in recent years such as:

  • A 100-kilowatt (130 hp) wind turbine was installed at the Broyhill Inn and Conference Center in 2008. The wind turbine has become the most visible symbol of Appalachian's projects in renewable energy. Situated at the highest point on campus and standing more than 153 feet (47 m) tall, it was selected specifically to depict an industrial-scale wind turbine. As of May 2012, the turbine had produced over 311,000 kilowatt-hours (1,120,000 MJ).
  • Both Frank Residence Hall, renovated in 2009, and The Mountaineer Residence Hall erected in 2011 have LEED® Gold Certifications and received a total of 68 points based on energy saving and sustainability features (65 points are needed to receive gold certification). Mountaineer Residence Hall houses a 40-panel solar thermal system to provide hot water needs. Buildings on ASU's campus that utilize solar energy include the Varsity Gym, Plemmons Student Union, Raley Hall, and Kerr Scott Hall. Kerr Scott Hall also has the first green roof on campus. The green roof works to conserve energy by providing shade and removing heat from the air through evapotranspiration.[41]
  • Appalachian Food Services is working to reduce food waste on campus by sending pre- and post-consumer food waste to a composting facility whose compost is used by Appalachian's Landscape Services as fertilizers.[42]
  • The AppalCART is a no-cost public transit service that services the campus and surrounding Boone community.
  • Solar trash compactors were installed around Sanford mall in 2010. The trash compactors run 100% on solar power, and are completely self powered.[43]
  • Outside of the Living Learning Center sits The Edible Schoolyard which is a community space where students, faculty, and staff can maintain a garden plot to learn gardening practices. At this garden space, small-scale farming and gardening principles are pursued in an effort to teach productive maintenance of agricultural ecosystems, self-sufficiency, and permaculture.[44]
  • We Are Still In (2018) - Over 3,500 organizations, representative of the United States' economy and society, are showing the world that we stand by the Paris Climate Agreement and are committed to meeting its goals.[45]
  • Tree Campus USA certification - Appalachian State University has received Tree Campus USA certification from the Arbor Day Foundation. The certification process was a collaborative effort between the Department of Biology, Department of Geography and Planning, Physical Plant and New River Light and Power. "This certification demonstrates Appalachian's commitment to environmental aspects of sustainability."[46]
  • American Campuses Act on Climate Roundtable invited participant (2015) - Appalachian State University was one of 38 institutions of higher learning invited to participate in the American Campuses Act on Climate Roundtable Nov. 19 at the Eisenhower Executive Office Building in Washington, D.C. The event was hosted by the White House Council on Environmental Quality.[47]
  • Climate Leadership Award - In October 2015, the university was a recipient of Second Nature and the USGBC's Climate Leadership Award, which recognized Appalachian's commitment to climate action.[48]
  • Climate Pledge - In addition, Chancellor Everts visited the White House for the Day of Climate Action and signed the American Campuses Act on Climate Pledge. Chancellor Everts also signed the newly revamped Second Nature Climate Commitment.[49]
  • Received Carolina Recycling Association award - Appalachian State University's composting program has received the Outstanding Composting or Organics Program Award from the Carolina Recycling Association.[50]


Appalachian's sports teams are nicknamed the Mountaineers. The Mountaineers compete in NCAA Division I and are members of the Sun Belt Conference. Appalachian fields varsity teams in 17 sports, 7 for men and 10 for women.[51] The Mountaineer football team started competing in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) in the 2014–2015 academic year.

Kidd Brewer Stadium

Kidd Brewer Stadium is the 30,000-seat home of Appalachian football. Nicknamed "The Rock", the stadium is located at an elevation of 3,333 feet (1,016 m). In 2017, App State added a new video board, sound system and LED ribbon displays. Kidd Brewer Stadium also offers additional stadium seating with 18 luxury suites, 600 club seats, and the Chancellor's Box areas that offer a great view of the field and campus.

Holmes Convocation Center

The George M. Holmes Convocation Center is the home court for Appalachian's basketball teams. The 200,840-square-foot (18,659 m2) arena, with seating for 8,325, is also the home for volleyball and indoor track and field. In 2017, a new Daktronics video board was installed. The board is made up of nine displays totaling a square footage of 1,200.

University Recreation (UREC) also offers 20 club sports that compete with other regional institutions on a non-varsity level: lacrosse (men's and women's), rugby (men's and women's), soccer (men's and women's), ultimate frisbee (men's and women's), volleyball (men's and women's), climbing, cycling, equestrian, fencing, ice hockey, skiing, racquetball, snowboarding, swimming, and triathlon.

The university's cycling team has had success at the regional and national level; they compete within the Atlantic Collegiate Cycling Conference. The team competes in every discipline of bicycle racing that is acknowledged by National Collegiate Cycling Association within USA Cycling. This includes road bicycle racing, Mountain bike racing and Cyclocross. The team won the Division 2, as established by USA Cycling, collegiate team mountain bike national championships in 2008. They won the Division 2 collegiate team cyclocross national championships in 2008 and 2009.[52] The team is now recognized as a Division 1 team.

On February 19, 2011, the Appalachian State Mountaineer women's basketball team won the 2011 Southern Conference regular-season title. The last time they had won the title was 1996. This is a first for Head Coach Darcie Vincent. On May 18, 2012, the Appalachian State baseball team beat Western Carolina University, becoming Southern Conference baseball champions for the first time since 1985.[53]


Appalachian won three consecutive Division I FCS (I-AA) national championships in 2005, 2006, and 2007, over the University of Northern Iowa, the University of Massachusetts, and the University of Delaware, respectively. The Mountaineers are the first FCS football team to win three straight national championships since the playoffs began in 1978. They are also the first Division I program to win three consecutive national championships since Army accomplished the feat in 1944, 1945, and 1946.[54]

In a milestone for ASU athletics, on September 1, 2007, the Appalachian State football team played their season opener at the fifth-ranked University of Michigan in front of the largest crowd to ever witness an ASU football game. Appalachian State beat Michigan in the game that would become known as the "Alltime Upset" by Sports Illustrated with a final score of 34–32 and became the first Division I FCS (I-AA) football team to defeat a Division I FBS (I-A) team ranked in the AP poll.[55]

Appalachian State moved to the FBS subdivision in 2014, finishing its first season with a winning record but ineligible for a bowl bid per NCAA rules. Each season from 2015 to 2019, App State won both its conference championship and final bowl game. In 2020, although the Mountaineers did not win the Sun Belt Conference, they did win their sixth consecutive bowl game, defeating North Texas 56–28 in the inaugural Myrtle Beach Bowl.

Athletic bands[edit]

The Hayes School of Music provides support for the Mountaineers at all home football games with the Marching Mountaineers, and at all home basketball games with the Appalachian Pep Band. The Marching Mountaineers travel to a select few away games each football season. The director of the athletic bands is Dr. Jason P. Gardner.

In media[edit]

In 2004, a committee for the Appalachian Family Caravan tour created a promotional video titled "Hot Hot Hot", shown throughout the area by Chancellor Kenneth E. Peacock. The video became an inadvertent internet phenomenon and was featured on VH1's Web Junk 20 program in early 2006.[56] The video was never intended to promote Appalachian State to anyone but the Family Caravan, much less as a recruiting tool for prospective students. The video is no longer used by the university, due to student and alumni protests.

In 2002, MTV's program Road Rules visited App State to produce an episode called Campus Crawl, aired on-campus during an annual, winter student swimming event called the "Polar Plunge". The show's participants also crossed a high-wire strung between Coltrane and Gardner Halls.

On March 16, 2012, Appalachian State placed a tenured sociology professor on administrative leave for a variety of charges, which included showing an anti-pornography documentary, The Price of Pleasure. This move gained national attention from the academic community.[57]

Notable alumni[edit]


Arts and entertainment[edit]



Economics and finance[edit]

Government and law[edit]

Ministry and religion[edit]



  • Steven M. Greer – American ufologist and retired physician; founded the Center for the Study of Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CSETI)



  1. ^ The pronunciation of "Appalachian" in a Southern U.S. dialect is provided. For further information on pronunciation, please view the Appalachian Mountains article.
  2. ^ Other consists of Multiracial Americans & those who prefer to not say.
  3. ^ The percentage of students who received an income-based federal Pell grant intended for low-income students.
  4. ^ The percentage of students who are a part of the American middle class at the bare minimum.


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External links[edit]

36°12′50″N 81°40′43″W / 36.213843°N 81.678621°W / 36.213843; -81.678621