Appanoose County, Iowa

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Appanoose County
Appanoose County Courthouse
Appanoose County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Appanoose County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°44′17″N 92°52′02″W / 40.738055555556°N 92.867222222222°W / 40.738055555556; -92.867222222222
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1843
Named forChief Appanoose
SeatCenterville
Largest cityCenterville
Area
 • Total516 sq mi (1,340 km2)
 • Land497 sq mi (1,290 km2)
 • Water19 sq mi (50 km2)  3.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total12,317
 • Density24/sq mi (9.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websiteappanoosecounty.iowa.gov

Appanoose County is a county in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 12,317.[1] Its county seat is Centerville.[2]

History[edit]

Chief Appanoose, from A.R. Fulton's Red Men of Iowa 1882.

Appanoose County was formed on February 17, 1843, from open territory. It was named for the Meskwaki Chief Appanoose, who did not engage in war against Black Hawk, advocating peace. The present county seat was formerly called Chaldea, and was later renamed to Senterville in honor of Congressman William Tandy Senter of Tennessee. In April 1848, the courthouse, constructed at the expense of $160, was put into use and served as such until 1857. The second courthouse was opened in 1864, and was burned down to the first floor during an explosive Fourth of July fireworks demonstration. The third courthouse was dedicated on May 21, 1903, and remains in use.[3]

In the summer of 1832 a company of cavalry set out from Davenport on a reconnaissance which extended as far west as Fort Leavenworth. They passed through what would become Appanoose County in a nearly southwest direction, passing near the present city of Moulton, camping overnight at a spring southwest of Cincinnati, and leaving the area and crossing into Missouri near the southwest corner of Pleasant Township. Early settlers in search of claims found two trails. The route taken by the cavalrymen and another with a general north–south direction, passing through Washington Township, and known as the bee trace and used in the summer by honey collectors. A post office in Washington Township was called Beetrace. The Beetrace post office was discontinued on March 1, 1886. This may have been originally an Indian trail. The first settlers say that it was a tolerably well-defined wagon road as far north as the Beetrace post office and that it could be followed easily into Taylor Township. Another "bee-trace" ran from Missouri diagonally through Davis County and terminated near Unionville.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 516 square miles (1,340 km2), of which 497 square miles (1,290 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (3.7%) is water.[5] Rathbun Reservoir, created by damming the Chariton River, is its main physical feature.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18503,131
186011,931281.1%
187016,45637.9%
188016,6361.1%
189018,96114.0%
190025,92736.7%
191028,70110.7%
192030,5356.4%
193024,835−18.7%
194024,245−2.4%
195019,683−18.8%
196016,015−18.6%
197015,007−6.3%
198015,5113.4%
199013,743−11.4%
200013,721−0.2%
201012,884−6.1%
202012,317−4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[10]
Population of Appanoose County from US census data

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 12,317 in the county, with a population density of 23.8066/sq mi (9.1918/km2). 96.66% of the population reported being of one race. 93.03% were non-Hispanic White, 0.61% were Black, 1.88% were Hispanic, 0.19% were Native American, 0.57% were Asian, 0.06% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 3.66% were some other race or more than one race. There were 6,306 housing units of which 5,320 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 12,884 in the county, with a population density of 25.976/sq mi (10.029/km2). There were 6,633 housing units, of which 5,627 were occupied.[11]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Appanoose County

At the 2000 census there were 13,721 people, 5,779 households, and 3,802 families in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 6,697 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.16% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 0.98%.[12] were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 5,779 households 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.20% were non-families. 29.90% of households were one person and 15.40% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.

23.70% of the people are under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 20.00% 65 or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.50 males.

The median household income was $28,612 and the median family income was $35,980. Males had a median income of $27,449 versus $20,452 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,644. About 10.10% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Appanoose County is divided into seventeen townships:

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Appanoose County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Centerville City 5,412
2 Moravia (partially in Monroe County) City 636 (637 total)
3 Moulton City 607
4 Mystic City 322
5 Cincinnati City 290
6 Exline City 160
7 Unionville City 75
8 Numa City 68
10 Plano City 59
9 Rathbun City 43
11 Udell City 28

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Appanoose County, Iowa[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,512 69.24% 1,891 29.02% 113 1.73%
2016 4,033 65.73% 1,814 29.56% 289 4.71%
2012 3,161 50.62% 2,951 47.25% 133 2.13%
2008 3,086 49.94% 2,970 48.07% 123 1.99%
2004 3,340 51.78% 3,063 47.49% 47 0.73%
2000 2,992 52.45% 2,560 44.88% 152 2.66%
1996 2,233 39.93% 2,747 49.12% 612 10.94%
1992 2,346 36.81% 2,810 44.09% 1,217 19.10%
1988 2,779 45.65% 3,209 52.71% 100 1.64%
1984 3,412 50.48% 3,289 48.66% 58 0.86%
1980 3,544 52.68% 2,769 41.16% 415 6.17%
1976 3,036 46.29% 3,424 52.21% 98 1.49%
1972 4,321 64.04% 2,283 33.84% 143 2.12%
1968 3,497 49.58% 3,005 42.61% 551 7.81%
1964 2,872 36.56% 4,960 63.14% 24 0.31%
1960 5,040 59.43% 3,422 40.35% 18 0.21%
1956 4,980 55.00% 4,064 44.89% 10 0.11%
1952 5,429 55.38% 4,276 43.61% 99 1.01%
1948 4,078 43.87% 4,998 53.77% 220 2.37%
1944 4,928 49.18% 5,015 50.05% 77 0.77%
1940 6,032 49.43% 6,069 49.74% 101 0.83%
1936 5,511 45.16% 6,599 54.08% 93 0.76%
1932 4,229 42.22% 5,519 55.10% 269 2.69%
1928 6,864 66.72% 3,340 32.47% 83 0.81%
1924 6,421 57.14% 2,032 18.08% 2,785 24.78%
1920 6,382 65.50% 2,952 30.30% 409 4.20%
1916 3,327 52.43% 2,510 39.55% 509 8.02%
1912 2,356 40.57% 2,058 35.44% 1,393 23.99%
1908 3,161 55.00% 2,167 37.71% 419 7.29%
1904 3,607 59.86% 1,743 28.92% 676 11.22%
1900 3,538 55.52% 2,690 42.21% 145 2.28%
1896 3,046 50.54% 2,940 48.78% 41 0.68%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Appanoose County
  4. ^ Biographical and Historical Record of Wayne and Appanoose Counties, Iowa. Chicago: Interstate Publishing Company. 1886. p. 665.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 25, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°44′17″N 92°52′02″W / 40.73806°N 92.86722°W / 40.73806; -92.86722