Appeal to tradition
Appeal to tradition (also known as argumentum ad antiquitatem or argumentum ad antiquitam, appeal to antiquity, or appeal to common practice) is a claim in which a thesis is deemed correct on the basis of correlation with past or present tradition. The appeal takes the form of "this is right because we've always done it this way", and is a logical fallacy.[better source needed] The opposite of an appeal to tradition is an appeal to novelty, in which one claims that an idea is superior just because it is new.
An appeal to tradition essentially makes two assumptions that may not be necessarily true:
- The old way of thinking was proven correct when introduced, i.e. since the old way of thinking was prevalent, it was necessarily correct.
- In reality, this may be false—the tradition might be entirely based on incorrect grounds.
- The past justifications for the tradition are still valid.
- In reality, the circumstances may have changed; this assumption may also therefore have become untrue.
- ^ "Logical Fallacies and the Art of Debate". www.csun.edu. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- ^ Trufant, William (1917). Argumentation and Debating. Houghton Mifflin company. ISBN 978-1-4067-5258-8. OCLC 1154091080.