Apennine deciduous montane forest

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Mixed forest (Abies alba and Fagus sylvatica) in Cimone Mountain, northern Apennine

The Apennine deciduous montane forests, a temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome, are an ecoregion in the mountain ranges of Italian peninsula including the Apennine Mountains. The development of these forests is ensured by the high rainfall Apennines (from 1000 mm in southern Apennine to 2500 mm in northern Apennine), combined with a temperate-cool climate. Because of climate change, the presence of Silver Fir (Abies alba), although still widespread, is dramatically reduced in favour of the beech.

Description[edit]

Vegetation zones[edit]

The ecoregion has two major vegetation zones:

1. Extensive forests

With presence of deciduous Quercus ssp. and sporadic Fraxinus ssp., Acer ssp., Tilia ssp., Populus ssp., Castanea sativa, Carpinus ssp., Ostrya ssp., Ulmus ssp., Betula ssp., Sorbus ssp., Salix ssp., Prunus ssp., Taxus baccata, Malus sylvestris, Pyrus and other Central-European broadleaved and coniferous species.

2. Mountain summit meadows and cushion scrubs, with the predominant species:

Endemic species[edit]

There are a high number of endemic species increasing at higher elevations and representing between 10 and 20% of the total flora.

Alpine species include

External links[edit]